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USDA International Meat Review


04 October 2012

USDA International Meat Review - 28 September 2012USDA International Meat Review - 28 September 2012


USDA International Meat Review

Trade Highlights

The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) recently published Livestock and Products Annual 2012 for several countries including Argentina, China, Egypt, Mexico, South Korea, Uruguay and Venezuela. The reports include summaries, outlooks, slaughter data, livestock inventories, trade situation updates, consumption statistics, marketing and price analysis and current data on production and supply. Each report is available on the FAS Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) at http://gain.fas.usda.gov/.

North America

2012 Tariff Rate Quota Status of U.S. Beef Imports
As of September 17, 2012

The U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), a division of the Department of Homeland Security, recently published the most current data on U.S. beef imports under a tariff rate quota (TRQ). According to the numbers, as of September 17, 2012, U.S. beef imports subject to a TRQ totaled 523,116 MT, which was 9.8 percent greater than the same period last year. Imports of beef from Australia totaled 147,437 MT. This was 47.8 percent greater than a year ago. This filled 39.0 percent of Australia’s TRQ, compared to 26.4 percent the same period last year. Beef imports from Canada, which are not subjected to a TRQ, equaled 141,507 MT. This was 11.6 percent less than a year ago. Imports of beef from New Zealand totaled 131,521 MT. This was 4.4 percent more than a year ago. It filled 61.6 percent of the country’s TRQ, compared to 59.0 percent a year ago. Beef imports from Uruguay through September 17 equaled 12,015 MT, 73.7 percent greater than a year ago. This filled 60.1 percent of Uruguay’s TRQ, compared to 34.6 percent a year ago. Beef imports from Argentina remained banned due to foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). The weekly report is available on the CBP website at http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cgov/trade/trade_programs/textiles_and_quotas/commodity/.

Canadian Cattle On Feed in Alberta & Saskatchewan Feedlots

Recently, CanFax published Canada’s current cattle on feed numbers for terminal feedlots with 1,000 or more head in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. According to the data, on September 1, 2012, Canada’s total cattle on feed equaled 577,077 head. This was down 7.3 percent from one year ago and was down 13.4 percent from the five year average. The number of cattle placed on feed during August fell 16.6 percent from one year ago to 119,411 head. This was 28.7 percent less than the five year average. Steers placed on feed totaled 81,242 head, which accounted for 68.0 percent of the total placements. Heifers placed on feed totaled 38,169 head. More specifically, feeder cattle placements weighing less than 600 pounds totaled 2,922 head, 226.8 percent greater than a year ago. Feeder cattle placements weighing 600 to 699 pounds were 10.7 percent lower than a year ago, totaling 2,567 head. Placements weighing 700 to 799 pounds equaled 11,440 head, 45.8 percent less than last year. Finally, placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds totaled 102,482 head, which was 13.3 percent lower than a year ago. Except for 2004, placements are the lowest since reporting began. In the meantime, Canada’s fed cattle marketings during August totaled 168,162 head. This was down 7.7 percent from one year ago and was down 5.0 percent from two years ago. The complete report is available on the CanFax website at http://www.canfax.ca/.

US Cattle on Feed

On September 21, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released its monthly Cattle on Feed report. According to the data, as of September 1, 2012, cattle and calves on feed for the U.S. slaughter market for feedlots with a capacity of 1,000 or more head equaled 10.64 million head. This was slightly less than one year ago but was 4.5 percent more than two years ago. During August, 2.00 million head of cattle were placed on feed, which was 10.9 percent lower than one year ago and was 11.8 percent lower than two years ago. Also, this was the second lowest placement number during the month of August since the series began in 1996. More specifically, feeder cattle placements weighing less than 600 pounds equaled 482,000 head, which was 32.6 percent below a year ago. Placements weighing 600 to 699 pounds were up 5.5 percent over a year ago, amounting to 385,000 head. Placements of feeder cattle weighing 700 to 799 pounds totaled 475,000 head, slightly less than last year. Finally placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds were down 4.3 percent from a year ago, totaling 660,000 head. Meanwhile, during August, fed cattle marketings fell 4.5 percent from one year ago to 1.96 million head. However, this was 1.9 percent higher than two years ago. The entire report is available on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

On September 21, USDA NASS released its monthly Cold Storage report. According to the data, as of August 31, 2012, beef in U.S. cold storage totaled 429.8 million pounds. This was a little higher than a year ago but was a little lower than the five year average. Beef stocks have declined each of the past four months. More specifically, boneless beef in cold storage equaled 368.0 million pounds, which was up 1.4 percent over a year ago. The volume of beef cuts in storage was 6.2 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 61.8 million pounds. In the meantime, as of August 31, U.S. pork in cold storage facilities totaled 580.8 million pounds, which was 31.1 percent more than the previous month and was 20.0 percent more than the five year average due to hog liquidation. Specifically, the volume of hams in storage was 30.2 percent greater than a year ago with 195.0 million pounds. Pork bellies in cold storage totaled 13.8 million pounds, 9.2 percent lower than year ago. Pork loins in storage were 44.4 percent higher than last year, amounting to 32.6 million pounds. The volume of pork ribs in cold storage equaled 57.4 million pounds, 64.0 percent more than a year ago. Pork trimmings in storage totaled 51.3 million pounds, which was 53.7 percent higher than last year. Veal in U.S. cold storage on August 31 totaled 4.9 million pounds, which was 23.8 percent more than a year ago. Lamb and mutton in storage totaled 23.9 million pounds, 12.6 percent greater than last year. The complete report is available on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Total Beef in US Cold Storage


Total Pork in US Cold Storage

On September 18, USDA NASS published its annual Livestock Historical Track Records report. The report compares preliminary and final livestock estimates and final livestock production estimates. The entire report can be found on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Pacific Rim

Japan's Beef Imports for July 2012

Recently, Japan’s Agriculture and Livestock Industries Corporation (ALIC) published Japan’s beef and pork import data for July 2012. According to the statistics, Japan’s beef imports during July rose 8.2 percent over the previous month and 4.0 percent over July 2011 to 50,335 MT. Also, this was the single highest monthly volume since November 2010. Specifically, frozen beef imports totaled 29,313 MT, which was up 2.8 percent over the previous month but was down 3.9 percent from July 2011. Fresh, chilled beef imports totaled 20,988 MT, which was up 16.7 percent over the previous month and was up 17.7 percent over July 2011. Japan’s beef imports from Australia during July equaled 29,703 MT, which was 6.4 percent higher than the previous month and was 1.3 percent higher than July 2011. Total year-to-date beef imports from Australia equaled 183,496 MT, 3.3 percent below a year ago. Australia was the leading source for Japan’s beef imports with 63.1 percent of the total. During July, Japan imported 14,866 MT of beef from the U.S., which is the highest single month volume since before the discovery of BSE in the U.S. in December 2003. Also, this was 21.7 percent more than the previous month and was 17.8 percent more than July 2011. Year-to-date beef imports from the U.S. were 11.6 percent higher than last year, totaling 71,737 MT. Japan’s beef imports from New Zealand during July fell 20.3 percent from June and 11.7 percent from July 2011 to 3,178 MT. Year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand totaled 20,843 MT, 2.2 percent more than a year ago. Overall, Japan’s total year-to-date beef imports equaled 290,941 MT, which was slightly higher than the same period a year ago. During June, Japan’s beef marketings totaled 66,286 MT, which was down 1.1 percent from the previous month but was up 20.3 percent over a year ago. Imported beef marketings equaled 43,419 MT, 53.6 percent more than last year. Domestic beef marketings totaled 22,868 MT, 14.8 percent lower than a year ago. At the end of June, Japan’s beef stocks totaled 88,994 MT, which was up 10.3 percent over the previous month but was down 3.1 percent from a year ago. Imported beef stocks were 10.2 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 73,123 MT. Domestic beef stocks equaled 15,871 MT, 52.2 percent greater than last year.

Japan's Pork Imports for July 2012

Japan’s pork imports during July rose 17.0 percent over the previous month to 65,624 MT. Additionally, this was 8.4 percent higher than July 2011. More specifically, frozen pork imports equaled 44,739 MT, which was up 27.6 percent over the previous month and was up 9.7 percent over July 2011. Fresh, chilled pork imports equaled 20,856 MT, which was down a little from the previous month but was up 5.7 percent over July 2011. During July, Japan’s pork imports from the U.S. fell 2.2 percent from the previous month and fell 4.2 percent from July 2011 to 23,422 MT. Total year-to-date pork imports from the U.S. equaled 186,379 MT, which was slightly less than a year ago. The U.S. was Japan’s primary source for pork imports with 41.8 percent of the total. Pork imports from Canada during July totaled 17,161 MT. This was 35.8 percent more than the previous month and was 53.4 percent more than July 2011. Total year-to-date pork imports from Canada were 3.8 percent greater than last year, amounting to 98,274 MT. During July, Japan imported 12,448 MT of pork from Denmark, which was 46.9 percent higher than the previous month and was 5.5 percent higher than July 2011. Also, this was the largest monthly volume since August 2010. Year-to-date pork imports from Denmark totaled 69,668 MT, 9.0 percent lower than last year. Overall, Japan’s total year-to-date pork imports equaled 445,907 MT, which was 1.9 percent less than same period a year ago. Japan’s pork marketings during June totaled 138,471 MT. This was down 5.3 percent from the previous month and was down 1.3 percent from a year ago. Imported pork marketings totaled 66,332 MT, 5.7 percent less than last year. Marketings of domestic pork were up 3.1 percent over a year ago, totaling 72,139 MT. At the end of June, Japan’s pork stocks equaled 168,797 MT. This was 6.6 percent less than the previous month and was 6.7 percent less than a year ago. Stocks of imported pork were down 6.9 percent from a year ago, totaling 148,439 MT. Domestic pork stocks equaled 20,358 MT, 5.8 percent lower than last year. Additional data can be found on the ALIC website at http://lin.alic.go.jp/alic/statis/dome/data2/e_nstatis.htm.

South Korea Red Meat Imports
Beef Imports for August 2012

The Korea International Trade Association (KITA) recently issued South Korea’s beef and pork imports for August 2012. According to the data, South Korea’s beef imports during August rose 25.0 percent over July to 26,798 MT. However, this was down 15.2 percent from August 2011. Specifically, frozen beef imports totaled 23,341 MT, which accounted for 87.1 percent of the total. Fresh, chilled beef imports totaled 3,457 MT. During August, South Korea imported 12,986 MT of beef from Australia. This was up 18.0 percent over the previous month but was down 12.9 percent from August 2011. Total year-to-date beef imports from Australia equaled 85,896 MT, which was 13.8 percent below a year ago. Australia was the main supplier of beef to South Korea with 49.5 percent of the total imports. Beef imports from the U.S. during August equaled 10,735 MT. Although this was 36.7 percent greater than the previous month, it was 17.8 percent less than August 2011. Additionally, this was the highest single month volume since August 2011. Year-to-date beef imports from the U.S. were 14.4 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 65,706 MT. During August, South Korea imported 2,723 MT of beef from New Zealand, which was 19.9 percent higher than the previous month but was 9.6 percent lower than August 2011. Year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand totaled 18,828 MT, 22.5 percent less than last year. Overall, South Korea’s total year-to-date beef imports equaled 173,569 MT, which was 14.9 percent below the same period a year ago. In the meantime, South Korea’s pork imports during August fell 3.9 percent from the previous month and 18.4 percent from August 2011 to 27,878 MT. Pork imports from the U.S. during August equaled 8,947 MT, which was down 11.5 percent from the previous month but was up 15.7 percent over August 2011. Year-to-date pork imports from the U.S. were 25.8 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 90,970 MT. The U.S. was the largest provider of pork to South Korea with 32.9 percent of the total imports. During August, South Korea imported 4,566 MT of pork from Canada. This was 7.3 percent lower than the previous month and was 5.7 percent lower than August 2011. Total year-to-date pork imports from Canada equaled 41,143 MT, 31.5 percent below a year ago. Pork imports from Chile during August totaled 3,332 MT. Although this was 2.8 percent more than the previous month, it was 11.6 percent less than August 2011. Year-to-date pork imports from Chile were 12.7 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 25,276 MT. Overall, South Korea’s total year-to-date pork imports equaled 276,308 MT, which was down 23.7 percent from the corresponding period a year ago. Additional data on South Korea’s red meat trade can be found on the KITA website at http://www.kita.org/.

October 2012

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