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USDA International Meat Review


19 September 2012

USDA International Meat Review - 13 September 2012USDA International Meat Review - 13 September 2012

During July, U.S. exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meats equaled 108,971 MT. This was 15.8 percent higher than the previous month but was 8.4 percent lower than July 2011.
USDA International Meat Review

Trade Highlights

US Red Meat Exports Including Variety Meats Beef & Veal Exports for July 2012

*The year-to-date totals include variety meats.
Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service/U.S. Census Bureau

The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) recently issued July 2012 U.S. red meat export and import data. According to the numbers, during July, U.S. exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meats equaled 108,971 MT. This was 15.8 percent higher than the previous month but was 8.4 percent lower than July 2011. Specifically, fresh, chilled beef exports equaled 34,842 MT, which was up 12.4 percent over the previous month but was down 19.4 percent from July 2011. Likewise, frozen beef exports were up 9.7 percent over the previous month but were down 10.7 percent from July 2011, amounting to 38,597 MT. During July, U.S. beef variety meat exports rose 31.2 percent over June and 10.5 percent over July 2011 to 32,585 MT. Total year-to-date beef variety meat exports were 8.5 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 190,471 MT. U.S. beef exports to Mexico during July rose 19.1 percent over the previous month to 18,306 MT. Year-to-date beef exports to Mexico totaled 122,056 MT, which was 17.1 percent below a year ago. Mexico was the main beef export market for the U.S. with 18.5 percent of the total. During July, the U.S. exported 16,467 MT of beef to Canada. This was down slightly from the previous month. Year-to-date beef exports to Canada equaled 97,325 MT, 12.2 percent less than last year. Beef exports to Japan during July rose 15.7 percent over the previous month to 18,689 MT. Total year-to-date beef exports to Japan were 3.5 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 91,132 MT. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date beef and veal and beef variety meat exports equaled 659,437 MT, which was 10.9 percent below the same period a year ago.

US Red Meat Exports Including Variety Meats Pork Exports for July 2012

*The year-to-date totals include variety meats.
Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service/U.S. Census Bureau

During July, the U.S. exported 161,989 MT of pork cuts and pork variety meats. This was slightly lower than the previous month and was 2.8 percent lower than July 2011. More specifically, exports of fresh, chilled pork equaled 53,152 MT, which was up 7.6 percent over the previous month and was up 23.9 percent over July 2011. Conversely, exports of frozen pork were down 6.5 percent from the previous month and 3.5 percent from July 2011, amounting to 68,619 MT. U.S. pork variety meat exports during July totaled 27,819 MT. Although this was 2.6 percent more than the previous month, it was 18.9 percent less than July 2011. Total year-to-date pork variety meat exports were 15.5 percent below a year ago, amounting to 227,846 MT. During July, the U.S. exported 44,895 MT of pork to Mexico. This was up 14.8 percent over the previous month. Year-to-date pork exports to Mexico totaled 331,913 MT, which was 13.4 percent more than a year ago. Mexico was the main pork export market for the U.S. with 26.0 percent of the total. During July, U.S. pork exports to Japan rose 8.7 percent over the previous month to 35,769 MT. Total year-to-date pork exports to Japan were 6.9 percent less than last year, amounting to 267,700 MT. Pork exports to China during July equaled 25,044 MT, 5.8 percent higher than the previous month. Year-to-date pork exports to China totaled 197,825 MT, 37.0 percent greater than a year ago. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats equaled 1,278,096 MT, which was 3.8 percent higher than the corresponding period a year ago.

US Red Meat Imports Excluding Variety Meats Beef & Veal Imports for July 2012

*The year-to-date totals do not include variety meats.
Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service/U.S. Census Bureau

During July, U.S. beef and veal imports totaled 64,697 MT, which was 9.7 percent lower than the previous month and was a little lower than July 2011. More specifically, imports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 23,391 MT, which was down 5.1 percent from the previous month and was down 16.8 percent from July 2011. Imports of frozen beef totaled 38,436 MT, which was down 13.2 percent from the previous month but was up 12.1 percent over July 2011. Beef imports from Australia during July equaled 16,169 MT, which was 12.5 percent less than the previous month. Year-to-date beef imports from Australia reached 132,552 MT, 62.2 percent greater than last year. Australia was the leading provider of beef to the U.S. with 27.4 percent of the total imports. During July, the U.S. imported 14,065 MT of beef from Canada. This was 12.8 percent less than the previous month. Total year-to-date beef imports from Canada were 6.5 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 126,579 MT. Beef imports from New Zealand during July fell 17.6 percent from June to 19,635 MT. Year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand equaled 123,016 MT, which was up 4.9 percent over last year. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date beef and veal imports equaled 483,565 MT, which was 15.4 percent above the same period a year ago.

US Red Meat Imports Excluding Variety Meats Pork Imports for July 2012

*The year-to-date totals do not include variety meats.
Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service/U.S. Census Bureau

U.S. pork imports during July equaled 29,778 MT, which was 7.2 percent higher than the previous month and was 12.3 percent higher than July 2012. Fresh, chilled pork imports totaled 18,600 MT, which was up 11.3 percent over the previous month and was up 20.3 percent over July 2011. Frozen pork imports totaled 7,409 MT, which was down 1.8 percent from the previous month but was up 18.8 percent over July 2011. During July, the U.S. imported 23,518 MT of pork from Canada. This was 7.7 percent higher than the previous month. Total year-to-date pork imports from Canada were 1.7 percent higher than a year ago, amounting to 159,698 MT. Canada was the largest supplier of pork to the U.S. with 79.4 percent of the total imports. Pork imports from Denmark during July totaled 3,201 MT, which was 8.3 percent higher than the previous month. Year-to-date pork imports from Denmark totaled 20,100 MT, 2.0 percent lower than last year. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date pork imports were 2.8 percent more than the same period a year ago, amounting to 201,136 MT. Additional U.S. trade data is available on the FAS website http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

Recently, USDA FAS released Livestock and Products Annual 2012 reports for the countries of Australia, EU-27, Hong Kong, India, New Zealand, Paraguay, Russia and the Ukraine. The reports include summaries, slaughter information, livestock inventories, consumption statistics, marketing and price analysis and current data on production and supply. Each report is available on the FAS Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) at http://gain.fas.usda.gov/.

Pacific Rim

Japan's National Inventories for Cattle & Hogs As of February 2012

Source: Agriculture & Livestock Industries Corporation

Recently, Japan’s Agriculture and Livestock Industries Corporation (ALIC) issued Japan’s cattle and hog inventory numbers. According to the data, as of February 2012, Japan’s total beef cattle farms numbered 65,200 farms. This was down 6.3 percent from one year ago and was down 12.4 percent from two years ago due to high feed costs and low prices. Japan’s total beef cattle equaled 2.72 million head, which was 1.4 percent lower than one year ago and was 5.8 percent lower than two years ago. Japan’s total beef breed fell 2.0 percent from one year ago to 1.83 million head. Also, this was down 4.8 percent from two years ago. Meanwhile, as of February 2012, Japan had 5,840 hog farms. This was down 2.8 percent from one year ago. The total number of hogs equaled 9.74 million head, which was slightly less than one year ago. The number of barrows and gilts was a little lower than one year ago, totaling 8.15 million head. To obtain additional data, visit the ALIC website at http://lin.alic.go.jp/alic/statis/dome/data2/e_nstatis.htm.

North America

On August 30, the USDA Economic Research Service (ERS) and the USDA FAS published the quarterly Outlook for U.S. Agricultural Trade. According to the report, during the fiscal year (FY) 2013, U.S. agricultural exports are forecast at $143.5 billion, up from $136.5 billion in 2012. Exports of livestock products in 2012 are predicted to total $18.9 billion, up slightly over 2012. Beef and veal exports during 2013 are expected to equal 900,000 MT, valued at $5.0 billion. The 2012 forecast is 800,000 MT with a value of $4.8 billion. During 2013, pork exports are forecast at 1.8 MMT, with a value of $5.6 billion as higher prices and tighter supplies are expected to impact shipments to more price-sensitive markets in Latin America and the Caribbean. The 2012 estimate is 1.9 MMT, valued at $5.7 billion. Beef and pork variety meat exports during 2013 are expected to total 800,000 MT, unchanged from 2012. The value of variety meat exports in 2013 is forecast at $1.4 billion, down from $1.5 billion in 2012. During FY 2013, U.S. agricultural imports are predicted to total $117.0 billion, up from $106.5 billion in 2012. During 2013, the U.S is expected to import $10.3 billion of livestock and meat. This is up from the 2012 forecast of $9.8 billion. Imports of cattle and calves during 2013 are expected to total 1.9 million head, with a value of $1.3 billion. This is down from 2012 due to improved pasture conditions and declining inventories in Mexico. Imports of cattle and calves during 2012 are forecast at 2.4 million head, with a value of $1.6 billion. During 2013, swine imports are forecast to total 5.7 million head and are estimated to value $400 million. Swine imports during 2012 are predicted to equal 5.8 million head, with a value of $400 million. U.S. imports of fresh beef and veal during FY 2013 are forecast at 900,000 MT, compared to 800,000 in 2012. The increase is due to strong demand for processing beef and lower domestic cattle slaughter. The value of beef and veal imports during 2013 is expected to total $4.2 billion, up from $3.8 billion in 2012. U.S. imports of fresh pork during 2013 are forecast at 400,000 MT, up from 300,000 MT in 2012 as the result of tight domestic supply and higher prices increasing shipments from Canada. The value of pork imports is projected at $1.4 billion, up from $1.3 billion in 2012. To view the entire report, visit the ERS website at http://www.ers.usda.gov/.

Oceania

Australian Cattle On Feed April 1 to June 30, 2012

Source: Australian Lot Feeders' Association, Meat & Livestock Australia

The Australian Lot Feeders’ Association (ALFA) and Meat & Livestock Australia (MLA) recently published the results of Australia’s cattle on feed survey for the second quarter of 2012. According to the numbers, as of June 30, 2012, Australia’s cattle on feed equaled 788,625 head. This was 4.9 percent higher than the previous quarter due to lower feeder cattle and grain prices. However, this was slightly lower than a year ago. The majority of the cattle on feed were located in the state of Queensland with 434,862 head, or 55.1 percent of the total. This was an increase of 4.7 percent over the previous quarter. Combined, Queensland and New South Wales contained 678,123 head, or 86.0 percent of the total cattle on feed. During the second quarter, Australia’s feedlot capacity totaled 1,266,710 head. Although this was a little higher than the previous quarter, it was 2.9 percent lower than a year ago. The largest feedlot capacity was in the state of Queensland with 613,780 head, which accounted for 48.5 percent of the total. Australia’s capacity utilization was at 62 percent, compared to 60 percent the previous quarter and 61 percent a year ago. During the second quarter, Australia’s cattle marketings increased 8.8 percent over the previous quarter to 644,276 head. However, this was 2.4 percent lower than a year ago. During the first half of the year, Australia’s cattle slaughter totaled 3.21 million head, which was 3.5 percent less than one year ago and was 4.6 percent less than two years ago. The complete cattle on feed report can be found on the ALFA website at http://www.feedlots.com.au/.

Recently, the Economic Service of Beef + Lamb New Zealand (B+LNZ) released its Stock Number Survey. According to the data, as of June 30, 2012, total sheep in New Zealand equaled 31.94 million head, which was 2.6 percent more than a year ago. North Island sheep numbers were estimated at 16.08 million head, 4.0 percent higher than a year ago. South Island sheep numbers were up 1.2 percent over a year ago, totaling 15.86 million head. Yearlings increased 7.1 percent over a year ago to 10.26 million head. Breeding ewes totaled 20.61 million head, which was a little higher than last year. The lamb crop is estimated to total 26.44 million head, up 4.0 percent over a year ago. Good feed conditions have improved confidence in the sheep industry in New Zealand by allowing producers to carry stock to heavier weights than a year ago. Meanwhile, the Economic Service put New Zealand’s beef cattle herd at 3.88 million head on June 30, 2012. This was up slightly over a year ago. To obtain the complete report, visit the B+LNZ website at http://www.beeflambnz.com/.

Australia Beef & Veal Exports for August 2012

Source: Department of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry

Recently, Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) published Australia’s red meat export numbers for August 2012. During August, Australia exported 81,257 MT of beef and veal, which was down 1.5 percent from the previous month and was down a little from August 2011. More specifically, exports of frozen beef totaled 59,430 MT, which accounted for 73.1 percent of the total exports. Exports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 21,828 MT. During August, Australia’s beef exports to Japan equaled 28,454 MT. This was 8.3 percent less than July and was 4.8 percent less than August 2011 due to weak demand and the high value of the Australian dollar. Year-to-date beef exports to Japan were 4.6 percent lower than last year, amounting to 210,351 MT. Japan was Australia’s largest beef export market with 34.3 percent of the total. Australia’s beef exports to the U.S. during August fell 1.9 percent from the previous month to 16,776 MT. However, this was 20.4 percent higher than August 2011 due to strong demand. Total year-to-date beef exports to the U.S. equaled 152,000 MT, which was 37.7 percent greater than a year ago. During August, Australia exported 11,139 MT of beef to South Korea, which was up 16.6 percent over the previous month but was down 8.7 percent from August 2011. Also, this was the highest single month volume since December 2011. Year-to-date beef exports to South Korea were 27.4 percent less than last year, amounting to 70,451 MT. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date beef and veal exports equaled 613,425 MT, which was nearly unchanged from the same period a year ago.

Australia Lamb & Mutton Exports for August 2012

Source: Department of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry

During August, Australia exported 15,978 MT of lamb. Although this was slightly less than the previous month, it was 13.4 percent more than August 2011. Lamb exports to the Middle East during August fell 3.3 percent from the previous month to 4,950 MT. However, this was 36.7 percent higher than August 2011. Year-to-date lamb exports to the Middle East totaled 32,259 MT, which was 48.4 percent greater than a year ago. The Middle East was the main lamb export market for Australia with 26.7 percent of the total. Australia’s lamb exports to the U.S. during August equaled 2,683 MT. This was 8.1 percent less than the previous month but was 10.9 percent more than August 2011. Total year-to-date lamb exports to the U.S. were 6.1 percent higher than last year, amounting to 24,104 MT. During August, Australia exported 2,571 MT of lamb to China, which was nearly unchanged from the previous month but was up 49.4 percent over August 2011. Year-to-date lamb exports to China were 37.3 percent above a year ago, totaling 18,547 MT. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date lamb exports equaled 120,830 MT, which was 16.9 percent greater than the corresponding period a year ago. Meanwhile, during August, Australia exported 6,963 MT. This was up 8.7 percent over the previous month and was up 17.9 percent over August 2011. During August, Australia exported 3,480 MT of mutton to the Middle East. Although this was 2.0 percent less than July, it was 6.2 percent more than August 2011. Year-to-date mutton exports to the Middle East were 17.8 percent more than last year, totaling 29,299 MT. The Middle East was Australia’s primary mutton export market with 50.7 percent of the total. During August, Australia’s mutton exports to the U.S. rose 3.3 percent over the previous month to 940 MT. Also, this was 358.5 percent greater than August 2011. Year-to-date mutton exports to the U.S. were 68.7 percent above a year ago, amounting to 4,210 MT. Mutton exports to China during August rose 15.3 percent over the previous month and rose 72.4 percent over August 2011 to 474 MT. Total year-to-date mutton exports to China equaled 4,112 MT, 83.2 percent higher than a year ago. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date mutton exports equaled 57,818 MT, 20.9 percent greater than the same period a year ago. To obtain additional red meat data for Australia, visit the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

September 2012

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