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USDA International Meat Review


06 February 2012

International Meat Review - 2nd February 2012International Meat Review - 2nd February 2012

According to the USDA's January Cattle report, the number of cattle and calves on 1 January 2012 was lower than a year ago, and the lowest since 1952.
USDA International Meat Review

North America

On January 27, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) published its semi-annual Cattle report. According to the data, the number of cattle and calves in the US on January 1, 2012 equaled 90.77 million head. This was 2.1 percent less than a year ago and was the lowest January 1 inventory since 1952. Cows and heifers that have calved equaled 39.11 million head, which was down 2.2 percent from a year ago. Of the total cows and heifers, the number of beef cows equaled 29.88 million head, which was 3.1 percent lower than a year ago. Heifers weighing more than 500 pounds equaled 19.39 million head. This was 1.0 percent less than last year. More specifically, the number of heifers for beef cow replacement was up 1.4 percent over last year, totaling 5.21 million head. The number of steers weighing more than 500 pounds fell 2.0 percent from a year ago to 16.07 million head. The inventory of calves weighing less than 500 pounds was down 2.8 percent from last year, amounting to 14.15 million head. The number of cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots on January 1 equaled 14.12 million head, which was a little higher than a year ago. During 2011, the calf crop totaled 35.31 million head, 1.1 percent less than 2010 and the smallest since 1950. The state with the largest concentration of cattle was Texas with 13.1 percent of the total inventory, or 11.90 million head. This was 10.5 percent less than a year ago due to the severe drought in Texas. To obtain the entire report, visit the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.



US Cattle & Calves Inventory on January 1

Also, on January 27, USDA NASS released its annual Sheep and Goats report. According to the numbers, the sheep and lamb inventory in the US on January 1, 2012 totaled 5.35 million head. This was 2.5 percent less than one year ago. The number of breeding sheep and lambs was down 2.6 percent from last year, amounting to 3.98 million head. More specifically, replacement lambs under one year of age equaled 650,000 head, 2.3 percent less than a year ago. The number of ewes, one year and older, declined 2.2 percent from a year ago to 3.16 million head. Market sheep and lambs totaled 1.37 million head. This was 2.1 percent lower than 2011. Market lambs weighing less than 65 pounds equaled 297,000 head, which was 18.4 percent less than a year ago. Market lambs weighing 65 to 84 pounds totaled 159,000 head, which was down 10.7 percent from last year. Market lambs weighing 85 to 105 pounds were up 3.7 percent over a year ago, totaling 308,000 head. Market lambs weighing more than 105 pounds equaled 522,000 head, 8.5 percent more than last year. During 2011, the US lamb crop equaled 3.51 million head, which was down 1.7 percent from 2010. Texas had the largest concentration of sheep with 650,000 head, which was 23.5 percent less than a year ago due to severe drought in Texas. This accounted for 12.2 percent of the total US inventory. Shorn wool production in the US during 2011 equaled 29.29 million pounds, which was 3.6 percent lower than 2010. The price per pound for wool was $1.67, compared to $1.15 in 2010. In the meantime, on January 1, 2012, the US total goat inventory equaled 2.86 million head. This was down 4.5 percent from 2011. The breeding goat inventory was also 4.5 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 2.38 million head. During 2011, the US kid crop equaled 1.88 million head, 1.7 percent lower than 2010. To view the complete report, go to the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

On January 20, USDA NASS released its Livestock Slaughter report. According to the data, US cattle slaughter during the final quarter of 2011 equaled 8.25 million head. This was down 4.2 percent from the previous quarter and was down 3.0 percent from a year ago. During the fourth quarter of 2011, US beef production totaled 6.40 billion pounds. This was 3.9 percent lower than the previous quarter and was 3.8 percent lower than a year ago. Live cattle weights at the end of December equaled 1,300 pounds, seven pounds less than a year ago. During 2011, US cattle slaughter totaled 33.55 million head, slightly less than 2010. Total US beef production during 2011 equaled 25.85 billion pounds, which was a little lower than a year ago. During the fourth quarter, US hog slaughter totaled 29.66 million head. This was 9.3 more than the previous quarter and was nearly 1.0 percent more than a year ago. Fourth quarter pork production increased 12.9 percent over the previous quarter to 6.15 billion pounds. Also, this was up 1.0 percent over a year ago. Live hog weights at the end of December averaged 278 pounds, unchanged from a year ago. During 2011, total US hog slaughter equaled 109.96 million head, which was slightly higher than 2010. Pork production during 2011 increased 1.5 percent over 2010 to 22.60 billion pounds. During the final quarter of 2011, US sheep and lamb slaughter totaled 500.7 thousand head. Although this was 1.2 percent more than the previous quarter, it was 14.5 percent less than a year ago. Lamb and mutton production during the fourth quarter of increased 3.3 percent over the previous quarter to 34.7 million pounds. However, this was 12.8 percent less than a year ago. During 2011, US total sheep and lamb slaughter equaled 2.00 million head, 11.5 percent below a year ago. Total lamb and mutton production during 2011 was 8.6 percent lower than 2010, amounting to 140.9 million pounds. US total goat slaughter during the final quarter of 2011 equaled 165.3 thousand head, which was 2.4 percent higher than the previous quarter and was 2.7 percent higher than a year ago. Total goat slaughter during 2011 equaled 589.2 thousand head, 3.7 percent less than 2010. The complete monthly report can be found on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

On January 20, USDA NASS released its monthly Cold Storage report. According to the report, as of December 31, 2011, beef in US cold storage facilities equaled 451.2 million pounds. This was 1.4 percent more than a year ago but was 4.6 percent less than the five year average. Specifically, boneless beef in cold storage totaled 391.2 million pounds, which was little changed from a year ago. Beef cuts in cold storage equaled 60.0 million pounds, 8.1 percent more than a year ago. Meanwhile, at the end of December, 481.7 million pounds of pork was in US cold storage. This was up 1.2 percent over a year ago but was down 1.0 percent from the five year average. More specifically, the volume of hams in storage was 18.5 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 55.4 million pounds. Pork bellies in cold storage totaled 41.1 million pounds, which was down 18.9 percent from a year ago. Pork loins in storage totaled 42.0 million pounds, which was up 13.0 percent over last year. The volume of ribs in storage was down 10.1 percent from a year ago, amounting to 73.4 million pounds. Pork butts in cold storage totaled 19.5 million pounds, which was up 20.9 percent over a year ago. Pork trimmings in storage totaled 48.6 million pounds, which was nearly unchanged from a year ago. The volume of veal in US cold storage was down 25.5 percent from a year ago, totaling 2.9 million pounds. Lamb and mutton in cold storage totaled 16.9 million pounds, which was 10.9 percent higher than a year ago. To obtain the entire report, go to the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

According to various news sources, South Korea lifted its nine year ban on imports of beef from Canada. South Korea will accept beef from cattle less than 30 months of age. South Korea is the last major beef importing country to agree to resume beef imports from Canada since Canada’s discovery of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in 2003.

On January 20, USDA NASS published its monthly Cattle on Feed report. According to the data, the number of cattle and calves on feed for the US slaughter market for feedlots with a capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 11.86 million head on January 1, 2012. This was 3.0 percent higher than one year ago and was 7.7 percent higher than two years ago. During December, 1.68 million head of cattle were placed on feed, which was down 5.9 percent from one year ago but was up 8.9 percent over two years ago. Steers and steer calves on feed totaled 7.28 million head, which was 1.4 percent higher than one year ago and accounted for 61.4 percent of the total. Heifers and heifer calves on feed totaled 4.50 million head, 5.6 percent higher than a year ago. More specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds equaled 550,000 head, 15.8 percent more than last year. Placements weighing 600 to 699 pounds were 21.2 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 390,000 head. Placements weighing 700 to 799 pounds totaled 365,000 head, which was down 16.9 percent from a year ago. Placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds equaled 378,000 head, which was slightly less than last year. Meanwhile, during December, fed cattle marketings equaled 1.80 million head. This was 1.9 percent less than one year ago but was 3.0 percent more than two years ago. The entire report is available on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Pacific Rim

Recently, the Korea International Trade Association (KITA) released South Korea’s beef and pork import data for December 2011 and for the year-end. According to the figures, during December, South Korea imported 24,503 MT of beef. This was 4.1 percent higher than the previous month but was 4.1 percent lower than December 2010. More specifically, during December, imports of frozen beef totaled 20,615 MT, which accounted for 84.1 percent of the total. Imports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 3,887 MT. For 2011, Australia’s share of fresh, chilled beef imports was 78.7 percent. During December, South Korea’s beef imports from Australia equaled 12,977 MT. Although this was up 1.1 percent over the previous month, it was down 2.8 percent from December 2010. During 2011, South Korea’s total beef imports from Australia were 10.3 percent greater than 2010, amounting to 152,721 MT. Australia was the main supplier of beef to South Korea with 49.6 percent of the total imports. Beef imports from the US during December rose 4.3 percent over the previous month to 8,887 MT. However, this was 7.6 percent lower than December 2010. Total beef imports from the US during 2011 equaled 115,334 MT, which was 36.0 percent more than 2010. The US was the second leading provider of beef to South Korea with 37.5 percent of the total imports. During December, South Korea imported 2,224 MT of beef from New Zealand. This was up 22.6 percent over the previous month but was down slightly from December 2010. During 2011, South Korea imported 34,323 MT of beef from New Zealand, which was little changed from 2010. Overall, South Korea’s total beef imports during 2011 equaled 307,613 MT, which was 17.8 percent above 2010. Meanwhile, during December, South Korea imported 27,370 MT of pork. Although this was down 13.3 percent from the previous month, it was up 1.6 percent over December 2010. This was the lowest single month total during 2011. During December, pork imports from the US rose 4.9 percent over the previous month to 6,868 MT. However, this was 7.3 percent lower than December 2010. During 2011, South Korea imported 150,112 MT of pork from the US, which was 99.2 percent greater than a year ago. The US was the largest pork import market for South Korea with 30.8 percent of the total. During December, South Korea imported 4,963 MT of pork from Canada. This was 11.5 percent lower than November and was slightly lower than December 2010. Pork imports from Canada during 2011 were 46.6 percent above a year ago, amounting to 80,237 MT. During December, pork imports from Chile fell 1.0 percent from the previous month and 32.8 percent from December 2010 to 2,424 MT. During 2011, South Korea imported 40,496 MT of pork from Chile, which was 6.8 percent less than 2010. Overall, during 2011, South Korea’s total pork imports equaled 487,146 MT, which was 68.4 percent greater than 2010. To obtain further data, visit the KITA website at http://www.kita.org/.

South America

Recently, Argentina’s National Service of Agriculture Food, Health and Quality (SENASA) published Argentina’s fourth quarter beef export statistics. The numbers include fresh beef, offals, processed beef and Hilton cuts. During the fourth quarter of 2011, Argentina exported 58,741 MT of beef. This was 13.1 percent lower than the previous quarter and was 11.6 percent lower than a year ago. Beef exports to Russia during the final quarter of 2011 equaled 9,847 MT, which was up 6.9 percent over the previous quarter but was down slightly from a year ago. During 2011, Argentina exported 43,525 MT of beef to Russia. This was 25.2 percent below 2010. Russia was the largest beef export market for Argentina with 16.6 percent of the total. Argentina’s beef exports to Hong Kong during the last quarter of 2011 equaled 8,983 MT. Although this was 5.0 percent more than the previous quarter, it was 6.3 percent less than a year ago. During 2011, beef exports to Hong Kong totaled 35,581 MT, nearly unchanged from a year ago. This accounted for 13.6 percent of Argentina’s total exports. During the fourth quarter, Argentina’s beef exports to Germany rose 9.1 percent over the previous quarter to 6,214 MT. However, this was down 2.3 percent from a year ago. During 2011, Argentina’s beef exports to Germany totaled 25,443 MT, which was 1.7 percent less than 2010. This comprised 9.7 percent of the total. Beef exports to the US during the final quarter of 2011 equaled 1,131 MT. This was 65.5 percent lower than the previous quarter and was 64.2 percent lower than a year ago. Total beef exports to the US during 2011 were down 11.1 percent from 2010, amounting to 9,184 MT. This made up 3.5 percent of the total exports. During 2011, Argentina’s largest market for exports of Hilton cuts was Germany with 59.0 percent of the total. The primary fresh beef export market was Israel with 20.9 percent of the total. The US was the main export market for Argentina’s processed beef exports with 50.9 percent of the total. Hong Kong was the largest export market for offals with 32.2 percent of the total. Of Argentina’s total beef exports during 2011, fresh beef made up 45.1 percent of the total, offals comprised 40.4 percent of the total, Hilton cuts were 7.6 percent of the total, and processed beef accounted for 6.9 percent of the total exports. Overall, Argentina’s total beef exports during 2011 were 13.2 percent below 2010, totaling 262,470 MT.

Oceania

to recent statistics from Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF), during the fourth quarter of 2011, Australia’s goat meat exports totaled 6,332 MT. This was 7.6 percent lower than the previous quarter and was 9.8 percent lower than a year ago. During the final quarter of 2011, Australia’s goat meat exports to the US fell 30.8 percent from the previous quarter to 2,931 MT. Additionally, this was 34.3 percent less than a year ago. During 2011, Australia’s total goat meat exports to the US were 4.8 percent higher than a year ago, amounting to 15,163 MT. The US was the primary destination for Australia’s goat meat exports with 58.6 percent of the total. Goat meat exports to Taiwan during the fourth quarter totaled 1,120 MT. Although this was up 12.6 percent over the previous quarter, it was down 9.3 percent from a year ago. Total goat meat exports to Taiwan during 2011 equaled 3,911 MT, which was 2.2 percent less than a year ago. Taiwan was Australia’s second largest goat meat export market with 15.1 percent of the total. During the fourth quarter, goat meat exports to the Caribbean equaled 1,050 MT, which was 105.1 percent more than the previous quarter and was 116.9 percent more than a year ago. During 2011, Australia’s goat meat exports to the Caribbean totaled 2,953 MT, which was 1.5 percent higher than a year ago. During 2011, goat meat exports to Canada equaled 1,570 MT. Overall, Australia’s total goat meat exports during 2011 equaled 25,892 MT, which was slightly less than the record during 2010. Shipments slowed towards the end of the year due to the high Australian dollar and the sluggish demand from the US Additional data on Australia’s markets is available on the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

Australia's Total Goat Meat Exports

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