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USDA International Meat Review


03 August 2012

USDA International Meat Review - 2 August 2012USDA International Meat Review - 2 August 2012

On July 20, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) published its semi-annual Cattle report. According to the report, on July 1, 2012, the number of cattle and calves in the U.S. totaled 97.8 million head.
USDA International Meat Review

North America

This was 2.2 percent lower than a year ago and was the lowest July inventory since the series began in 1973. The decline was due mostly to the severe drought across the Midwest. Cows and heifers that have calved totaled 39.7 million head, which was down 2.2 percent from last year. The number of beef cows fell 2.9 percent from a year ago to 30.5 million head due to pasture shortage. Heifers weighing more than 500 pounds equaled 15.7 million head. This was 1.9 percent less than a year ago. The number of heifers for beef cow replacement was unchanged from a year ago at 4.2 million head, indicating no heifer retention. Steers weighing more than 500 pounds totaled 14.0 million head, which was down 1.4 percent from a year ago. The inventory of calves weighing less than 500 pounds declined 2.6 percent from last year to 26.5 million head. All cattle and calves on feed for the US slaughter market on July 1 equaled 12.3 million head, nearly 1.0 percent more than a year ago. The 2012 calf crop is expected to total 34.5 million head, which is 2.3 percent lower than 2011. To obtain the detailed report, visit the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.



On July 20, USDA NASS released its monthly Cattle on Feed report. According to the data, on July 1, 2012, cattle and calves on feed for the US slaughter market for feedlots with a capacity of 1,000 or more head equaled 10.71 million head. This was 2.7 percent more than one year ago and was 6.3 percent more than two years ago. The number of cattle placed on feed during June totaled 1.66 million head. This was down 1.8 percent from one year ago but was up 2.2 percent over two years ago. The number of steers and steer calves placed on feed equaled 6.74 million head, 3.6 percent higher than a year ago. This accounted for 62.9 percent of the total number placed on feed. Heifers and heifer calves placed on feed totaled 3.92 million head, which was slightly higher than a year ago. More specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds were unchanged from last year, totaling 460,000 head. Placements of feeder cattle weighing 600 to 699 pounds equaled 320,000 head, 15.8 percent less than a year ago. Placements weighing 700 to 799 head were 7.1 percent lower than a year ago, totaling 390,000 head. Finally, placements weighing more than 800 pounds equaled 494,000 head, which was 13.6 percent more than last year. In the meantime, during June, fed cattle marketings totaled 1.97 million head. This was 6.1 percent lower than one year ago and was 1.6 percent lower than two years ago. To obtain the entire report, visit the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.



On July 20, USDA NASS released its Livestock Slaughter report. According to the data, during the second quarter of 2012, US cattle slaughter totaled 8.19 million head. This was 3.8 percent more than the previous quarter but was 3.8 percent less than a year ago. During the second quarter, US beef production rose 3.2 percent over the previous quarter to 6.40 billion pounds. However, this was down 1.3 percent from a year ago. At the end of June, the average live cattle weight was 1,293 pounds, 30 pounds heavier than a year ago. During the first half of 2012, US total cattle slaughter equaled 16.08 million head. This was 3.7 percent less than last year. Beef production during the first half of the year was 1.6 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 12.59 billion pounds. In the meantime, during the second quarter, US hog slaughter totaled 26.45 million head. This was 5.2 percent lower than the previous quarter but was 2.1 percent higher than a year ago. US pork production during the second quarter fell 5.8 percent from the previous quarter to 5.48 billion pounds. However, this was up 2.8 percent over a year ago. At the end of June, the average live weight for a hog equaled 274 pounds, one pound more than a year ago. During the first half of the year, hog slaughter totaled 54.35 million head, 2.2 percent above a year ago. First half pork production rose 2.6 percent over a year ago to 11.30 billion pounds. Meanwhile, during the second quarter, US sheep and lamb slaughter equaled 485.0 thousand head. This was slightly less than the previous quarter and was 7.8 percent less than a year ago. Lamb and mutton production during the second quarter equaled 36.9 million pounds, which was slightly less than the previous quarter and was 2.4 percent less than a year ago. During the first half of the year, total sheep and lamb slaughter equaled 973.4 thousand head, which was 3.2 percent lower than a year ago. First half lamb and mutton production totaled 73.9 million pounds, 1.8 percent more than a year ago. US goat slaughter during the second quarter of 2012 equaled 136.0 thousand head. Although this was 8.1 percent more than the previous quarter, it was 3.8 percent less than a year ago. Goat slaughter during the first half was nearly unchanged from a year ago, amounting to 261.8 thousand head. The entire monthly Livestock Slaughter report is available on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

On July 20, USDA NASS released its monthly Cold Storage report. According to the data, as of June 30, 2012, beef in US cold storage facilities equaled 470.8 million pounds. This was 8.8 percent more than a year ago and was 9.9 percent more than the five year average. Specifically, the volume of boneless beef in cold storage totaled 402.5 million pounds, which was 7.2 percent higher than a year ago. Beef cuts in storage were 19.0 percent higher than a year ago, amounting to 68.4 million pounds. Meanwhile, as of June 30, US pork in cold storage equaled 591.7, which was 19.5 percent more than a year ago and was 15.4 percent more than the five year average. More specifically, hams in storage totaled 147.4 million pounds, 17.7 percent greater than a year ago. Pork bellies in storage numbered 49.1 million pounds, which was nearly 1.0 percent higher than last year. The volume of loins in cold storage was up 13.7 percent over a year ago, amounting to 31.3 million pounds. Pork ribs in storage totaled 72.1 million pounds, which was 65.1 percent greater than last year. The volume of pork trimmings in storage increased 9.3 percent over a year ago to 46.4 million pounds. Veal in US cold storage facilities on June 30 equaled 3.6 million pounds, which was 3.3 percent more than last year. Lamb and mutton in storage totaled 22.5 million pounds, 24.1 percent above a year ago. The complete report is available on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Pacific Rim

The Korea International Trade Association (KITA) recently issued South Korea’s beef and pork import data for June 2012. According to the numbers, South Korea’s beef imports during June fell 12.8 percent from the previous month and 24.4 percent from June 2011 to 18,049 MT. Also, this was the lowest single month volume since December 2010. More specifically, imports of frozen beef totaled 15,091 MT, which accounted for 83.6 percent of the total. Imports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 2,958 MT, of which Australia had a 86.0 percent market share. During June, South Korea imported 8,754 MT of beef from Australia, which was down 21.3 percent from the previous month and was down 23.9 percent from June 2011. Additionally, this was the lowest single month volume since February 2011. During the first half of 2012, South Korea’s beef imports from Australia equaled 61,907 MT, which was 14.8 percent less than a year ago. Australia was the primary source for South Korea’s beef imports with 49.4 percent of the total. South Korea’s beef imports from the US during June totaled 6,845 MT. Although this was 5.1 percent more than May, it was 25.2 percent less than June 2011. Year-to-date beef imports from the US were 13.1 percent less than last year, amounting to 47,121 MT. The US was South Korea’s second largest beef import market with 37.6 percent of the total. Beef imports from New Zealand during June fell 16.5 percent from the previous month and 28.2 percent from June 2011 to 2,077 MT. Year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand totaled 13,834 MT, 25.3 percent below a year ago. Overall, during the first half of 2012, South Korea’s total beef imports equaled 125,328 MT, 15.1 percent less than the same period a year ago. Meanwhile, during June, South Korea imported 30,162 MT of pork. This was 8.1 percent lower than the previous month and was 36.7 percent lower than June 2011. South Korea’s pork imports from the US during June fell 6.3 percent from May and 27.1 percent from June 2011 to 10,564 MT. During the first half of the year, South Korea imported 71,920 MT of pork from the US, which was 16.6 percent below last year. The US was the leading pork import market for South Korea with 32.8 percent of the total. During June, South Korea imported 4,144 MT of pork from Canada. This was down 16.9 percent from the previous month and was down 50.0 percent from June 2011. Also, this was the lowest single month total since September 2010. Total year-to-date pork imports from Canada were 28.0 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 31,654 MT. Canada was the second largest market for South Korea’s pork imports with 14.4 percent of the total. Pork imports from Chile during June totaled 2,603 MT, which was down 24.4 percent from the previous month and was down 8.9 percent from June 2011. Year-to-date pork imports from Chile totaled 18,704 MT, 8.3 percent lower than a year ago. Overall, during the first half of 2012, South Korea’s total pork imports equaled 219,426 MT, which was 13.8 percent below the corresponding period a year ago. To obtain further data on South Korea’s trade, go to the KITA website at http://www.kita.org/.



According to Meat & Livestock Weekly, the Korean Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry & Fisheries (MIFAFF) has announced that beef from Chile will be allowed to enter Korea following compliance with import requirements. Chile will become the sixth nation to supply beef to Korea, along with Australia, New Zealand, the US, Canada and Mexico. Previously, Korea and Chile had completed a free trade agreement (FTA).

South America

Recently, Argentina’s National Service of Health, Food and Agriculture Quality (SENASA) published Argentina’s second quarter beef export data. The numbers include fresh beef, offals, processed beef and Hilton cuts. According to the data, during the second quarter of 2012, Argentina exported 49,658 MT of beef. This was 19.1 percent less than the previous quarter and was 25.3 percent less than a year ago. During the second quarter, Argentina’s beef exports to Russia fell 32.7 percent from the previous quarter and 26.4 percent from a year ago to 9,284 MT. During the first half of 2012, Argentina’s beef exports to Russia equaled 23,086 MT, which was 5.7 percent lower than a year ago. Russia was the main beef export market for Argentina with 20.8 percent of the total. During the second quarter, Argentina exported 7,294 MT of beef to Hong Kong. This was down 13.1 percent from the previous quarter and was down 18.1 percent from a year ago. Total year-to-date beef exports to Hong Kong were 13.0 percent less last year, amounting to 15,692 MT. Beef exports to Chile during the second quarter totaled 5,967 MT. Although this was down 8.2 percent from the previous quarter, it was up 53.6 percent over a year ago. Total year-to-date beef exports to Chile were 47.6 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 12,468 MT. During the second quarter, Argentina exported 4,698 MT of beef to Israel. This was 28.8 percent lower than the previous quarter and was 7.8 percent lower than a year ago. During the first half of the year, Argentina’s beef exports to Israel were 20.7 percent below a year ago, totaling 11,298 MT. Beef exports to Germany during the second quarter totaled 5,106 MT, which was down 6.8 percent from the previous quarter and was down 28.3 percent from a year ago. Year-to-date beef exports to Germany equaled 10,582 MT, 21.8 percent less than last year. During the first half of 2012, Argentina’s beef exports to the US were down 92.5 percent from a year ago, totaling just 359 MT. During the first half of 2012, Argentina’s main beef export market for Hilton cuts was Germany with 63.1 percent of the total. The largest fresh beef export market was Chile with 28.1 percent. The largest processed beef export market, with 20.4 percent of the total, was the UK. The primary offal market was Hong Kong with 29.8 percent of the total. Of Argentina’s total beef exports during the first half of 2012, 40.0 percent consisted of fresh beef, 45.7 was offals, 10.3 percent was Hilton cuts and 4.1 percent was processed beef. Overall, Argentina’s total beef exports during the first half of 2012 equaled 111,042 MT, which was 18.4 percent below the corresponding period a year ago.

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