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USDA International Meat Review


19 January 2012

International Meat Review - 19th January 2012International Meat Review - 19th January 2012

During November 2011, US exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meats were lower than the previous month, but higher than a year ago.
USDA International Meat Review

Trade Highlights

The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) recently issued November 2011 red meat trade data for the US According to the data, during November, US exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meats equaled 105,274 MT. This was a little lower than the previous month but was 3.7 per cent higher than November 2010.

Specifically, exports of fresh, chilled product totaled 37,488 MT, which was up 9.6 per cent over the previous month and was up 14.8 per cent over November 2010. Conversely, exports of frozen product were down 12.7 per cent from the previous month and 6.8 per cent from November 2010, totaling 33,469 MT. During November, the US exported 31,289 MT of variety meats, which was 5.0 per cent more than the previous month and was 4.6 per cent more than November 2010. Year-to-date beef variety meat exports were 19.2 per cent higher than a year ago, amounting to 332,331 MT. US beef exports to Mexico during November rose 4.3 per cent over October to 21,884 MT. Total yearto- date beef exports to Mexico equaled 234,889 MT, 4.8 per cent more than a year ago. Mexico was the leading beef export market for the US with 19.9 per cent of the total. During November, the US exported 14,727 MT of beef to Canada. This was up 3.9 per cent over the previous month. Year-to-date beef exports to Canada were 26.9 per cent greater than a year ago, amounting to 174,125 MT. Overall, US total year-to-date beef and veal and beef variety meat exports equaled 1,178,673 MT, which was 22.2 per cent above the corresponding period a year ago.

During November, the US exported 214,160 MT of pork cuts and pork variety meats. This was 8.4 per cent higher than the previous month and was 23.6 per cent higher than November 2010. More specifically, exports of fresh, chilled pork equaled 59,810 MT, which was up 12.3 per cent over the previous month and was up 16.0 per cent over November 2010. Exports of frozen pork equaled 96,095 MT, which was nearly unchanged from the previous month but was up 43.3 per cent over November 2010. During November, US pork variety meat exports rose 25.6 per cent over October to 44,700 MT. Also, this was 25.1 per cent higher than November 2010. Total yearto- date pork variety meat exports equaled 419,958 MT, 6.2 per cent more than a year ago. During November, the US exported 46,063 MT of pork to Mexico. This was 8.7 per cent greater than the previous month. Year-to-date pork exports to Mexico were 2.9 per cent less than a year ago, amounting to 465,519 MT. Mexico was the largest US pork export market with 23.2 per cent of the total. Pork exports to Japan during November fell 3.6 per cent from the previous month to 41,445 MT. Total year-to-date pork exports to Japan equaled 451,365 MT, 13.7 per cent above a year ago. During November, the US exported 52,189 MT of pork to China, the largest destination for US during November. This was 10.6 per cent higher than the previous month. Year-to-date pork exports to China equaled 316,243 MT, 258.6 per cent greater than a year ago. Overall, US total year-to-date exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats equaled 2,007,955 MT, 18.4 per cent above the same period a year ago.

During November, US beef and veal imports equaled 47,149 MT. Although this was 9.5 per cent lower than the previous month, it was 8.1 per cent higher than November 2010. Specifically, fresh, chilled beef imports equaled 24,417 MT, which was down 11.1 per cent from the previous month but was unchanged from November 2010. Frozen beef imports equaled 19,496 MT, which was down 6.0 per cent from the previous month but was up 17.5 per cent over November 2010. During November, the US imported 17,524 MT of beef from Canada, which was 19.3 per cent lower than the previous month. Total year-to-date beef imports from Canada equaled 217,197 MT, 21.6 per cent less than a year ago. Canada was the main provider of beef to the US with 34.2 per cent of the total imports. Beef imports from New Zealand during November fell 17.2 per cent from the previous month to 4,257 MT. Yearto- date beef imports from New Zealand were down 2.6 per cent from a year ago, totaling 143,887 MT. During November, beef imports from Australia equaled 12,104 MT, which was 1.2 per cent lower than October. Year-to-date beef imports from Australia were 23.2 per cent below a year ago, amounting to 137,357 MT. Overall, US total year-to-date beef and veal imports equaled 635,928 MT, which was 11.7 per cent less than the same period a year ago.

US pork imports during November rose 10.2 per cent over the previous month to 32,260 MT. Also, this was 3.0 per cent higher than November 2010. More specifically, imports of fresh, chilled pork equaled 19,648 MT, which was up 14.6 per cent from the previous month and was up 3.9 per cent over November 2010. Imports of frozen pork equaled 7,580 MT, which was down 1.6 per cent from the previous month but was up 2.2 per cent over November 2010. Pork imports from Canada during November rose 17.4 per cent over the previous month to 27,564 MT. Total year-to-date pork imports from Canada equaled 255,486 MT, which was 9.2 per cent lower than a year ago. Canada was the main supplier of pork to the US with 81.4 per cent of the total imports. During November, the US imported 1,995 MT of pork from Denmark, which was 35.6 per cent less than the previous month. Year-to-date pork imports from Denmark totaled 30,416 MT, slightly lower than a year ago. Overall, US total year-to-date pork imports equaled 314,006 MT, which was 7.2 per cent below the corresponding period a year ago. To obtain further US trade data, go to the FAS website http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

North America

According to data from the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), as reported by USDA Livestock and Grain Market News (LGMN), during 2011, US imports of feeder cattle from Canada totaled 76,021 head. This was 61.2 per cent less than 2010. Imports of slaughter steers and heifers from Canada were down 32.5 per cent from 2010, totaling 413,345 head. According to ERS, Canada’s high slaughter cattle prices have prohibited live exports to the US Canada’s pasture and forage conditions have been at or above average. Slaughter cow and bull imports totaled 183,189 head, 20.5 per cent less than 2010. During 2011, the US imported 4,738,979 head of feeder pigs. This was 2.6 per cent higher than 2010. Slaughter hog imports were down 7.1 per cent from 2010, totaling 1,005,492 head.

Additionally, according to recent data from the USDA LGMN, during 2011, the US imported 1,401,750 head of feeder cattle from Mexico. This was 15.5 per cent greater than one year ago and was 50.2 per cent greater than two years ago. According to the USDA Economic Research Service (ERS), nearly half of all cattle imported from Mexico weigh less than 400 pounds with only one per cent weighing more than 700 pounds. Northern Mexico, where most of the imports originate, has been experiencing a drought, just as US producers in the Southern Plains. According to ERS, cattle supplies are expected to remain tight in Mexico during 2012. To obtain each weekly report, visit the LGMN website at http://www.ams.usda.gov/LSMarketNews.

On 23 December, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released its Quarterly Hogs and Pigs report. According to the data, on 1 December 2011, the US inventory of all hogs and pigs totaled 65.93 million head. Although this was down 1.2 per cent from the previous quarter, it was up 1.5 per cent over a year ago. The breeding herd totaled 5.80 million head, which was little changed from the previous quarter and from a year ago. The number of market hogs and pigs fell 1.3 per cent from the previous quarter to 60.13 million head. However, this was 1.7 per cent more than a year ago. More specifically, market hogs and pigs weighing less than 50 pounds equaled 19.27 million head, which was down 2.2 per cent from the previous quarter, but was up 2.2 per cent over a year ago. The number of market hogs and pigs weighing 50 to 119 pounds was 3.2 per cent less than the previous quarter but was 2.3 per cent more than a year ago, totaling 16.90 million head. Market hogs and pigs weighing 120 to 179 pounds totaled 12.47 million head. This was down 2.7 per cent from the previous quarter but was up 2.0 per cent over a year ago. Market hogs and pigs weighing more than 180 pounds totaled 11.49 million head, which was 4.8 per cent more than the previous quarter but was little changed from a year ago. During the September to November timeframe, sows farrowed totaled 2.89 million head, which was up slightly over a year ago. This accounted for 49.9 per cent of the total breeding herd. During the same time frame, the pig crop equaled 29.01 million head, which was 1.8 per cent more than a year ago. Pigs per litter numbered 10.02 head, up from 9.89 a year ago. Iowa remained the largest hog producing state with 19.80 million head. This was 3.7 per cent higher than a year ago and comprised 30.0 per cent of the total inventory. North Carolina had the second largest inventory with 8.80 million head. This was 2.2 per cent less than a year ago and accounted for 13.3 per cent of the total US herd. The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head accounted for 45.0 per cent of the total US hog inventory, unchanged from a year ago. The entire report is available on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

CanFax recently issued Canada’s current cattle on feed statistics for terminal feedlots with 1,000 or more head in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. According to the data, the number of cattle on feed in Canada on 1 January 2012 totaled 998,791 head. This was up 2.2 per cent over one year ago and was up 3.4 per cent over two years ago. Cattle placed on feed during December equaled 100,624 head. This was 17.5 per cent less than one year ago and was 15.2 per cent less than two years ago. The number of steers placed on feed totaled 52,449 head, which accounted for 52.1 per cent of the total. Heifers placed on feed totaled 48,175 head. Specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds totaled 11,515 head, which was 51.7 per cent lower than a year ago. Placements of feeder cattle weighing 600 to 699 pounds were down 39.0 per cent from a year ago, amounting to 24,166 head. Placements weighing 700 to 799 pounds equaled 23,193 head, 18.2 per cent more than a year ago. Finally, placements weighing more than 800 pounds totaled 41,750 head, 7.3 per cent higher than a year ago. Meanwhile, during December, Canada’s fed cattle marketings increased 5.8 per cent over year ago to 122,434 head. However, this was down 15.7 per cent from two years ago. To obtain the complete report, go to the CanFax website at http://www.canfax.ca/.

Oceania

Recently, Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) published Australia’s red meat export data for December 2011 and for the year-end. According to the statistics, during December, Australia exported 82,054 MT of beef and veal. Although this was down 8.6 per cent from November, it was up 6.0 per cent over December 2010. More specifically, exports of frozen beef equaled 60,526 MT, which comprised 73.8 per cent of the total. Exports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 21,527 MT. During 2011, Australia’s exports of frozen beef totaled 687,130 MT, while exports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 262,062 MT. During December, Australia’s beef exports to Japan fell 9.9 per cent from November to 30,202 MT. However, this was 3.5 per cent higher than December 2010. During 2011, Australia’s total beef exports to Japan equaled 342,186 MT, which was 3.9 per cent lower than 2010. Japan was the largest market for Australia’s beef exports during 2011 with 36.1 per cent of the total. Australia’s beef exports to the US during December totaled 15,968 MT. This was 4.5 per cent less than the previous month but was 80.6 per cent more than December 2010. Beef exports to the US during 2011 were 9.3 per cent below 2010, totaling 167,819 MT. During December, Australia exported 12,347 MT of beef to South Korea, which was down 1.9 per cent from the previous month but was up 2.1 per cent over December 2010. Total beef exports to South Korea during 2011 were 17.9 per cent greater than 2010, equaling 146,347 MT. During 2011, Australia’s beef exports to Russia totaled 55,111 MT, 2.7 per cent lower than 2010. Overall, during 2011, Australia’s total beef and veal exports equaled 949,192 MT, 2.9 per cent more than 2010.

During December, Australia’s lamb exports fell 6.3 per cent from the previous month to 13,421 MT. Also, this was 4.7 per cent lower than December 2010. Australia’s lamb exports to the Middle East during December equaled 3,816 MT, which was 11.6 per cent higher than the previous month and was 17.2 per cent higher than December 2010. During 2011, total lamb exports to the Middle East equaled 34,893 MT, 4.5 per cent less than 2010. The Middle East was Australia’s leading destination for lamb exports with 21.8 per cent of the total. During December, Australia exported 2,676 MT of lamb to the US This was 4.6 per cent less than November and was 8.1 per cent less than December 2010. Lamb exports to the US during 2011 totaled 34,333 MT, which was slightly higher than 2010. The US was the second leading lamb export market for Australia with 21.5 per cent of the total. Lamb exports to China during December fell 12.5 per cent from the previous month and 6.8 per cent from December 2010 to 1,792 MT. Australia’s lamb exports to China during 2011 reached 21,234 MT, which was 35.1 per cent greater than 2010. Overall, during 2011, Australia’s lamb exports equaled 160,049 MT, 2.9 per cent more than 2010. Meanwhile, during December, Australia’s mutton exports totaled 9,144 MT. Although this was 3.7 per cent higher than previous month, it was 4.6 per cent lower than December 2010. Mutton exports to the Middle East during December totaled 4,259 MT, which was up 9.0 per cent over the previous month and was up 9.4 per cent over December 2010. During 2011, Australia’s total mutton exports to the Middle East were 7.7 per cent below 2010, totaling 39,547 MT. The Middle East was Australia’s primary buyer of mutton with 48.1 per cent of the total exports. During December, Australia exported 388 MT of mutton to Singapore. This was 5.4 per cent lower than the previous month but was 26.4 per cent higher than December 2010. Total mutton exports to Singapore during 2011 were down 3.4 per cent from 2010, equaling 5,257 MT. Mutton exports to the US during December rose 19.6 per cent over November to 676 MT. However, this was 47.9 per cent lower than December 2010. During 2011, mutton exports to the US totaled 4,619 MT, 47.2 per cent less than 2010. Overall, during 2011, Australia’s total mutton exports equaled 82,217 MT, which was 17.0 per cent below 2010. Additional data on Australia’s export market is available on the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

Pacific Rim

Japan’s Agriculture and Livestock Industries Corporation (ALIC) recently published Japan’s red meat import data for November 2011. According to the statistics, Japan’s beef imports during November rose 9.0 per cent over the previous month to 47,817 MT. However, this was 6.3 per cent lower than November 2010. Specifically, frozen beef imports totaled 27,585 MT, which was up 3.9 per cent over the previous month but was down 15.9 per cent from November 2010. Fresh, chilled beef imports totaled 20,156 MT, which was up 17.0 per cent over the previous month and was up 10.8 per cent over November 2010. Japan’s beef imports from Australia during November rose 11.9 per cent over October to 32,586 MT. However, this was down 3.9 per cent from November 2010. Total year-to-date beef imports from Australia equaled 309,121 MT, which was 3.6 per cent below a year ago. Australia was the leading beef import market for Japan with 65.5 per cent of the total. During November, Japan imported 11,239 MT of beef from the US This was 10.9 per cent more than the previous month and was 3.1 per cent more than November 2010. Year-to-date beef imports from the US were 34.7 per cent greater than a year ago, amounting to 109,812 MT. Japan’s beef imports from New Zealand during November fell 14.8 per cent from the previous month and 14.9 per cent from November 2010 to 1,501 MT. Year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand totaled 27,559 MT, 6.2 per cent lower than a year ago. Overall, Japan’s total year-to-date beef imports equaled 472,160 MT, which was 4.0 per cent above the same period a year ago. Japan’s beef marketings during October totaled 76,635 MT, which was 1.5 per cent more than the previous month and was 14.4 per cent more than a year ago. Marketings of imported beef were up 29.3 per cent over a year ago, amounting to 48,128 MT. Domestic beef marketings totaled 28,507 MT, 4.1 per cent lower than a year ago. At the end of October, Japan’s beef stocks equaled 93,889 MT, which was down 2.4 per cent from the previous month but was up 5.9 per cent over a year ago. Stocks of imported beef totaled 79,737 MT, which was up 3.8 per cent over a year ago. Stocks of domestic beef were up 19.8 per cent over a year ago, totaling 14,152 MT.

Japan’s pork imports during November rose 10.0 per cent over the previous month and 26.2 per cent over November 2010 to 76,516 MT. Additionally, this was the single highest monthly volume since June 2010. More specifically, frozen pork imports totaled 53,169 MT, which was 10.4 per cent higher than the previous month and was 33.4 per cent higher than November 2010. Fresh, chilled pork imports totaled 23,317 MT, which was 8.9 per cent higher than the previous month and was 12.5 per cent higher than November 2010. Pork imports from the US during November totaled 31,074 MT. This was up 17.2 per cent over the previous month and was up 33.2 per cent over November 2010. Also, this was the highest monthly total since June 2010. Year-to-date pork imports from the US totaled 297,346 MT, 8.6 per cent greater than a year ago. The US was the leading supplier of pork to Japan with 41.0 per cent of the total imports. During November, Japan imported 18,831 MT of pork from Canada. This was 11.9 per cent higher than the previous month and was 34.1 per cent higher than November 2010. Total year-to-date pork imports from Canada were 4.2 per cent less than a year ago, amounting to 157,056 MT. Pork imports from Denmark during November fell 10.6 per cent from October to 10,931 MT. However, this was up 4.8 per cent over November 2010. Year-to-date pork imports from Denmark totaled 121,272 MT, 2.2 per cent lower than a year ago. Overall, Japan’s total year-to-date pork imports equaled 725,156 MT, which was 4.7 per cent above the corresponding period a year ago. Japan’s pork marketings during October increased 4.5 per cent over the previous month and 2.3 per cent over October 2010 to 147,287 MT. Imported pork marketings totaled 68,634 MT, 3.0 per cent more than a year ago. Marketings of domestic pork were 1.7 per cent higher than a year ago, totaling 78,653 MT. At the end of October, Japan’s pork stocks equaled 161,682 MT. This was unchanged from the previous month but was down 13.2 per cent from a year ago. Stocks of imported pork totaled 140,976 MT, 10.7 per cent lower than a year ago. Stocks of domestic pork totaled 20,706 MT, 26.8 per cent less than a year ago. Additional data on Japan’s red meat trade can be found on the ALIC website at http://lin.alic.go.jp/alic/statis/dome/data2/e_nstatis.htm.

Korea International Trade Association (KITA) recently published South Korea’s red meat import numbers for November 2011. According to the data, South Korea’s beef imports during November fell 9.7 per cent from October to 23,533 MT. However, this was up 1.8 per cent over November 2010. Specifically, imports of frozen beef equaled 19,729 MT, which accounted for 83.8 per cent of the total. Imports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 3,804 MT. During November, South Korea imported 12,834 MT of beef from Australia. This was 3.8 per cent higher than the previous month but was 1.9 per cent lower than November 2010. Year-to-date beef imports from Australia totaled 139,744 MT, which was 11.7 per cent higher than a year ago. Australia was South Korea’s largest source for beef imports with 49.4 per cent of the total. South Korea’s beef imports from the US during November fell 18.3 per cent from the previous month to 8,518 MT. However, this was 6.0 per cent more than November 2010. Total year-to-date beef imports from the US were 41.5 per cent greater than a year ago, amounting to 106,447 MT. During November, South Korea imported 1,814 MT of beef from New Zealand. Although this was down 28.6 per cent from the previous month, it was up 11.1 per cent over November 2010. Yearto- date beef imports from New Zealand totaled 32,082 MT, nearly unchanged from a year ago. Overall, South Korea’s total year-to-date beef imports equaled 283,093 MT, which was 20.1 per cent above the corresponding period a year ago. In the meantime, South Korea’s pork import during November totaled 31,585 MT. This was 4.6 per cent higher than the previous month and was 34.0 per cent higher than November 2010. During November, South Korea’s pork imports from the US increased 1.6 per cent over October to 6,549 MT. Also, this was 38.8 per cent more than November 2010. Total year-to-date pork imports from the US were 110.8 per cent greater than a year ago, amounting to 143,243 MT. The US was the main source for South Korea’s pork imports with 31.2 per cent of the total. Pork imports from Canada during November equaled 5,609 MT, which was up 10.8 per cent over the previous month and was up 27.0 per cent over November 2010. Year-to-date pork imports from Canada totaled 75,274 MT, 51.4 per cent more than a year ago. South Korea’s pork imports from Chile during November fell 14.1 per cent from the previous month and 26.3 per cent from November 2010 to 2,449 MT. Total year-to-date pork imports from Chile were 4.4 per cent less than a year ago, amounting to 38,072 MT. Overall, South Korea’s total year-to-date pork imports equaled 459,776 MT, which was 75.3 per cent above the same period a year ago. Additional information on South Korea’s beef and pork trade is available on the KITA website at http://www.kita.org/.

January 2012

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