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USDA International Meat Review


09 April 2015

USDA International Meat Review - 9 April 2015USDA International Meat Review - 9 April 2015


USDA International Meat Review

The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) recently published February 2015 red meat trade data for the U.S. According to the data, during February, U.S. exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meats equaled 82,992 MT. This was up 3.9 percent from the previous month and was down 3.4 percent from February 2014. More specifically, exports of fresh, chilled product totaled 25,818 MT, which was 2.6 percent more than the previous month but was 9.0 percent lower from February 2014. Exports of frozen product totaled 30,821 MT, which was 21.4 percent more than the previous month and was 5.7 percent more than February 2014. During February, the U.S. exported 23,132 MT of variety meats. This was down 9.7 percent from the previous month and was down 5.5 percent from February 2014. Year-to-date beef variety meat exports were 10.5 percent below a year ago, amounting to 48,737 MT. During February, the U.S. exported 18,554 MT of beef to Mexico. This was down 8.2 percent from the previous month. Year-to-date beef exports to Mexico totaled 38,766 MT, 3.0 percent greater than last year. Mexico was the leading beef export market for the U.S. with 23.8 percent of the total. U.S. beef exports to Japan during February rose 15.4 percent from the previous month to 15,934 MT. Total year-to-date beef exports to Japan were 1.0 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 29,744 MT. Beef exports to Canada fell 8.1 percent from the previous month to 9,418 MT. Year-to-date beef exports to Canada equaled 19,667 MT, 16.7 percent less than last year. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date beef and veal and beef variety meat exports equaled 162,894 MT, which was 11.3 percent more than the same period a year ago.

During February, the U.S. exported 170,455 MT of pork cuts and pork variety meats. Although this was up 8.1 percent from the previous month, it was down 8.8 percent from February 2014. Specifically, exports of fresh, chilled pork equaled 57,747 MT, which was 2.9 percent lower than the previous month but was nearly unchanged from February 2014. Exports of frozen pork equaled 57,861 MT, which was 24.2 percent higher than the previous month but was 19.6 percent lower than February 2014. During February, U.S. pork variety meat exports rose 8.9 percent from the previous month and 10.2 percent from February 2014 to 41,310 MT. Total yearto-date pork variety meat exports equaled 79,249 MT, 3.9 percent more than a year ago. During February, the U.S. exported 57,482 MT of pork to Mexico. This was 1.5 percent lower than the previous month. Year-to-date pork exports to Mexico were 4.0 percent above a year ago, amounting to 115,818 MT. Mexico was the largest U.S. pork export market with 35.3 percent of the total.

Pork exports to Japan during February fell 2.8 percent from January to 33,583 MT. Total year-to-date pork exports to Japan were 8.8 percent less than last year, amounting to 68,151 MT. During February, the U.S. exported 22,570 MT of pork to South Korea which was 49.1 percent higher than the previous month. Year-to-date pork exports to South Korea were 59.7 percent higher than a year ago, totaling 37,703 MT. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats equaled 327,852 MT, 10.7 percent below the same period a year ago.

During February, U.S. beef and veal imports equaled 84,505 MT. This was 15.0 percent lower than January but was 47.2 percent lower than February 2014. More specifically, fresh, chilled beef imports equaled 31,518 MT, which was down 7.1 percent from the previous month but was up 31.6 percent over February 2014. Frozen beef imports equaled 47,940 MT, which was down 22.4 percent from the previous month but was up 52.0 percent from February 2014. During February, beef imports from Australia totaled 23,325 MT, which was 42.2 percent lower than the previous month. Year-to-date beef imports from Australia were 120.7 percent more than a year ago, totaling 63,658 MT. Australia was the largest supplier of beef to the U.S. with 34.6 percent of the total imports. During February, the U.S. imported 19,594 MT of beef from New Zealand. This was 2.3 percent higher than the previous month. Year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand were 26.6 percent greater than last year, amounting to 38,744 MT. Beef imports from Canada during February fell 4.7 percent from the previous month to 16,241 MT. Total year-to-date beef imports from Canada equaled 33,282 MT, 15.2 percent higher than a year ago. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date beef and veal imports equaled 183,936 MT, which was 55.8 percent above the same period a year ago.

U.S. pork imports during February totaled 36,815 MT, which was 8.3 percent lower than the previous month but was 33.6 percent higher than February 2014. More specifically, fresh, chilled pork imports totaled 22,898 MT, which was 11.0 percent less than the previous month but was 33.9 percent more than February 2014. Frozen pork imports totaled 10,534 MT, which was 3.2 percent less than the previous month but was 40.5 percent more than February 2014. Pork imports from Canada during February equaled 29,065 MT, 10.6 percent lower than the previous month. Year-to-date pork imports from Canada totaled 61,583 MT, 33.3 percent above a year ago. Canada was the main supplier of pork to the U.S. with 80.0 percent of the total imports. During February, pork imports from Denmark fell nearly 1.0 percent from the previous month to 2,002 MT. Year-to-date pork imports from Denmark were 15.3 percent less than last year, totaling 4,022 MT. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date pork imports equaled 76,946 MT, 33.4 percent higher than the corresponding period a year ago. To obtain further U.S. trade data, go to the FAS website http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

North America

On March 20, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) published its monthly Cattle on Feed report. According to the data, on March 1, 2015, cattle and calves on feed for the U.S. slaughter market in feedlots with a capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 10.66 million head. This was up a little from one year ago but was down 3.2 percent from two years ago. The number of cattle placed on feed during February fell 8.1 percent from one year ago to 1.52 million head. This was 5.9 percent greater than two years ago. More specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds equaled 330,000 head, which was 15.4 percent lower than last year. Placements weighing 600 to 699 pounds were down 18.2 percent from a year ago, totaling 270,000 head. Placements weighing 700 to 799 pounds equaled 388,000 head, which was 7.2 percent less than last year. Finally, placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds increased 2.9 percent from a year ago to 535,000 head. In the meantime, U.S. fed cattle marketings during March equaled 1.52 million head. This was down 2.1 percent from one year ago and was down 5.4 percent from two years ago. Also, February marketings are the lowest since the series began in 1996. The complete report is available on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

On March 27, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released its quarterly Hogs and Pigs report. According to the numbers, the U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on March 1, 2015 totaled 65.93 million head. This was down slightly from the previous quarter and but was up 7.2 percent over a year ago. The breeding herd equaled 5.98 million head, which was nearly 1.0 percent higher than the previous quarter and was 2.2 percent higher than a year ago, showing evidence of herd rebuilding. The number of market hogs and pigs fell slightly from the previous quarter but rose 7.7 percent from a year ago to 59.95 million head. More specifically, market hogs and pigs weighing less than 50 pounds totaled 18.96 million head. This was slightly less than the previous quarter but was 9.4 percent more than year ago. Market hogs and pigs weighing 50 to 110 pounds equaled 16.51 million head, which was down nearly 1.0 percent from the previous quarter but was up 6.6 percent from a year ago. The number of market hogs and pigs weighing 120 to 179 pounds increased 2.8 percent over the previous quarter to 13.29 million head. Also, this was up 6.0 percent from a year ago.

Market hogs and pigs weighing more than 180 pounds totaled 11.20 million head, which was 3.7 percent lower than the previous quarter but was 8.9 percent higher than a year ago. During the December to February time period, the number of sows farrowed equaled 2.83 million head, which was 2.4 percent more than a year ago. This accounted for 47.3 percent of the total breeding herd. During the same time frame, the pig crop totaled 28.76 million head, 9.2 percent more than a year ago. Pigs per litter were a record high of 10.17 head, compared to 9.53 head a year ago. Iowa comprised 30.9 percent of the total U.S. herd, making it the largest hog producing state with 20.40 million head. This was 4.6 percent higher than a year ago.

North Carolina had the second largest hog inventory with 8.40 million head, which was up 7.7 percent from last year and accounted for 12.7 percent of the total inventory. The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with 5,000 head accounted for 46 percent of the total U.S. hog inventory, which was down from 48 percent last year. The complete report is available on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Recently, the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), a division of the Department of the Homeland Security, released the most current data on U.S. beef imports under a tariff rate quota (TRQ). According to the numbers, as of March 27, 2015, U.S. beef imports subject to a TRQ equaled 212,969 MT, which was 37.9 percent more than the same period a year ago. Imports of beef from Australia equaled 73,271 MT, which was 94.5 percent higher over the same period a year ago. This filled 19.4 percent of the TRQ, compared to 10.0 percent last year. Beef imports from New Zealand were 18.5 percent more than last year, amounting to 49,232 MT. This filled 23.1 percent of Australia’s TRQ, up from 19.5 percent a year ago. Imports of beef from Canada, which do not fall under a TRQ, totaled 43,005 MT. This was 6.8 percent higher than a year ago. Beef imports from Mexico, which also are not under a TRQ, were 37.2 percent greater than last year, amounting to 28,498 MT. Beef imports from Uruguay were 20.4 percent higher than a year ago, totaling 3,884 MT. This filled 19.4 percent of the country’s TRQ, up from 16.1 percent last year. Imports of beef from Argentina continued to be banned due to foot and mouth disease (FMD). The weekly report is available on the CBP website at http://www.cbp.gov/trade/quota/commodity-graph-report.

On March 23, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released its monthly Cold Storage report. According to the report, as of February 28, 2015, beef in U.S. cold storage facilities equaled 492.1 million pounds. This was 20.2 percent higher than a year ago and was 8.9 percent higher than the five year average. Specifically, boneless beef in cold storage rose 23.2 percent from a year ago to 450.8 million pounds. Beef cuts in storage totaled 41.3 million pounds, which was 5.40 percent less than last year. In the meantime, at the end of February, pork in U.S. cold storage totaled 686.1 million pounds. This was 4.8 percent more than a year ago and was 15.5 percent more than the five year average. Specifically, hams in storage equaled 127.7 million pounds, 8.7 percent more than last year. The volume of pork bellies in storage fell 22.7 percent from a year ago to 67.8 million pounds. Loins in cold storage totaled 45.9 million pounds, 1.1 percent higher than last year. Pork ribs in storage equaled 106.8 million pounds, 13.1 percent less than a year ago. The volume of pork butts in storage increased 36.6 percent from last year to 35.6 million pounds. Pork trimmings in storage equaled 67.5 million pounds, which was 80.1 percent higher than a year ago. The volume of veal in U.S. cold storage was up 201.4 percent from a year ago, totaling 9.6 million pounds. Lamb and mutton in cold storage equaled 36.8 million pounds, which was 40.5 percent higher than last year. To obtain the complete report, visit the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Oceania

Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) recently published Australia’s red meat export figures for March 2015. According to the numbers, during March, Australia exported 123,464 MT of beef and veal. This was up 16.4 percent over February and was up 16.2 percent over March 2014. Specifically, frozen beef exports equaled 92,300 MT, which comprised 74.8 percent of the total exports. Fresh, chilled beef exports equaled 31,163 MT. During March, Australia exported 42,027 MT of beef to the U.S. This was 11.1 percent higher than the previous month and was 39.6 percent higher than March 2014. During the first quarter of 2015, Australia exported 105,658 MT of beef to the U.S., which was 56.4 percent above a year ago.

The U.S. was the primary beef export market for Australia with 35.6 percent of the total. Australia’s beef exports to Japan during March rose 15.5 percent over the previous month to 28,074 MT. Also, this was 24.1 percent more than March 2014. Total year-to-date beef exports to Japan were 12.7 percent higher than last year, amounting to 67,886 MT. Japan was the second largest beef export market for Australia with 22.9 percent of the total.

During March, Australia exported 14,681 MT of beef to South Korea. This was up 20.5 percent over the previous month and was up 14.7 percent over March 2014. Yearto-date beef exports to South Korea totaled 34,341 MT, which was 2.8 percent lower than last year. Overall, Australia’s beef and veal exports during the first quarter of 2015 totaled 297,055 MT, which was 7.7 percent above the corresponding period a year ago.

According to the most recent data from Australia’s DAFF, Australia’s goat meat exports during the first quarter of 2015 totaled 8,410 MT. This was down 15.4 percent from the previous quarter but was up 5.4 percent over a year ago. During the first quarter, Australia’s goat meat exports to the U.S. fell 6.1 percent from the previous quarter to 4,978 MT. However, this was 16.4 percent more than a year ago. The U.S. was Australia’s main goat meat export market with 59.2 percent of the total. Goat meat exports to Taiwan during the first quarter were 14.7 percent higher than the previous quarter, amounting to 1,294 MT. However, this was 10.6 percent lower than last year. Taiwan was the second leading goat meat export market for Australia with 15.4 percent of the total. During the first quarter, Australia’s goat meat exports to the Caribbean equaled 553 MT, which was up 6.6 percent over the previous quarter but was down slightly from a year ago. Goat meat exports to Canada during the first quarter totaled 484 MT, which was 31.8 percent lower than the previous quarter and was 8.7 percent higher than a year ago.

During March, Australia’s lamb exports totaled 23,413 MT. This was up 18.4 percent from the previous month and was up 22.0 percent over March 2014. Australia’s lamb exports to the Middle East during March rose 40.0 percent over the previous month to 6,534 MT. This was also up 37.4 percent over March 2014. During the first quarter of 2015, Australia exported 16,037 MT of lamb to the Middle East, which was 14.1 percent higher than a year ago.

The Middle East was the primary lamb export market for Australia with 27.4 percent of the total. During March, Australia exported 4,387 MT of lamb to the U.S. This was almost 1.0 percent lower than the previous month but was 6.7 percent higher than March 2014. Total year-to-date lamb exports to the U.S. were 3.6 percent higher than last year, amounting to 12,302 MT. Lamb exports to China during March rose 2.9 percent over the previous month to 3,387 MT. This was up 9.4 percent over March 2014. Year-to-date lamb exports to China totaled 8,714 MT, which was 4.7 percent lower than last year. Overall, during the first quarter of 2015, Australia’s total lamb exports equaled 58,597 MT, which was 6.1 percent above a year ago. Meanwhile, during March, Australia exported 15,686 MT of mutton. This was up 10.1 percent from the previous month but was down 14.1 percent over March 2014.

Mutton exports to the Middle East during March rose 26.8 percent from February to 5,966 MT. This was 7.9 percent higher than March 2014. During the first quarter of 2015, Australia’s mutton exports to the Middle East were 3.2 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 15,068 MT. The Middle East was the leading mutton export market for Australia with 33.9 percent of the total. During March, Australia exported 2,450 MT of mutton to China. This was 24.2 percent less than the previous month and was 50.8 percent less than March 2014. Year-to-date mutton exports to China reached 9,957 MT, 32.3 percent below last year. Mutton exports to the U.S. during March fell 23.6 percent from the previous month to 1,135 MT. Also, this was down 31.7 percent from March 2014. Year-to-date mutton exports to the U.S. totaled 3,883 MT, which was 12.8 percent less than a year ago. Overall, Australia’s mutton exports during the first quarter of 2015 equaled 44,500 MT, 16.7 percent lower than the same period a year ago. To obtain additional data on Australia’s exports, visit the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

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