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USDA International Meat Review


24 March 2015

USDA International Meat Review - 24 March 2015USDA International Meat Review - 24 March 2015


USDA International Meat Review

Trade Highlights

The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) recently issued Livestock and Products Semi-Annual reports for the countries of Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, China, India and Canada. The reports include summaries, outlooks, livestock inventories, consumption data and current production and supply data. Each report is available on the FAS Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) at http://gain.fas.usda.gov/.

Recently, USDA Foreign Agriculture Service (FAS) released U.S. red meat export and import data for January 2015. According to the numbers, during January, U.S. exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meat totaled 79,902 MT. This was down 20.3 percent from the previous month and was down 18.3 percent from a year ago. Specifically, exports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 25,173 MT, which was 11.7 percent lower than the previous month and was 18.9 percent lower than a year ago. Exports of frozen beef equaled 25,394 MT, which was 34.1 percent lower than the previous month and was 22.6 percent lower than a year ago.

During January, the U.S. exported 25,605 MT of beef variety meats. This was 13.0 percent less than the previous month and was 14.7 percent less than a year ago. U.S. beef exports to Mexico during January equaled 20,212 MT, which was down 11.6 percent from the previous month. However, this was nearly unchanged from last year. Mexico was the largest U.S. beef export market with 25.3 percent of the total. U.S. beef exports to Japan during January fell 12.6 percent from the previous month to 13,810 MT. Also, this was 11.8 percent below a year ago. During January, the U.S. exported 10,249 MT of beef to Canada, which was 5.8 percent lower than the previous month and was 16.7 percent lower than a year ago. During January, U.S. exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats totaled 157,397 MT. This was 12.2 percent lower than the previous month and was 16.3 percent lower than a year ago. More specifically, exports of fresh, chilled pork equaled 59,494 MT, which was 4.1 percent lower than the previous month and was 10.3 percent lower than a year ago. Exports of frozen pork equaled 46,601 MT, which was 18.2 percent lower than the previous month and was 34.2 percent lower than a year ago. During January, U.S. pork variety meat exports totaled 37,939 MT. This was 12.6 percent less than the previous month and was 2.2 percent less than a year ago. U.S. pork exports to Mexico during January equaled 58,336 MT, which was down 6.9 percent from the previous month and was down slightly from a year ago. Mexico was the primary destination for U.S. pork with 37.1 percent of the total exports. During January, the U.S. exported 34,568 MT of pork to Japan. This was 4.9 percent less than the previous month and was 11.5 percent less than a year ago. U.S. pork exports to Canada during January fell 1.7 from the previous month to 15,684 MT. This was 5.6 percent less than a year ago. During January, pork exports to South Korea equaled 15,133 MT. This was 3.9 percent higher than the previous month and was 34.9 percent higher than a year ago.

U.S. beef and veal imports during January equaled 99,431 MT. This was 3.2 percent higher than the previous month and was 78.7 percent higher than a year ago. Specifically, imports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 33,933 MT, which was 7.4 percent more than the previous month and was 60.2 percent more than a year ago. Imports of frozen beef totaled 61,801 MT, which was slightly less than the previous month but was 93.9 percent more than a year ago. During January, the U.S. imported 40,333 MT of beef from Australia. This was 3.5 percent higher than the previous month and was up 123.9 percent from a year ago. Australia was the leading supplier of beef to the U.S. with 40.6 percent of the total. During January, the U.S. imported 19,150 MT of beef from New Zealand. This was up 12.2 percent over the previous month and was up 38.1 percent over last year. Beef imports from Canada during January rose 3.7 percent over the previous month to 17,041 MT. This was 20.2 percent higher than a year ago. Beef imports from Mexico during January fell 1.9 percent from the previous month to 10,333 MT. However, this was up 34.6 percent over a year ago.

U.S. pork imports during January equaled 40,131 MT. Although this was down 10.0 percent from the previous month, it was up 33.3 percent over a year ago. Specifically, fresh, chilled pork imports totaled 25,732 MT, which was 8.4 percent lower than the previous month and was 23.0 percent higher than a year ago. Frozen pork imports totaled 10,878 MT, which was 10.6 percent lower than the previous month but was 35.6 percent higher than a year ago. U.S. pork imports from Canada during January equaled 32,518 MT. This was 10.2 percent less than the previous month but was 35.9 percent more than a year ago. Canada was the leading supplier of pork to the U.S. with 81.0 percent of the total imports. To obtain more data on U.S. trade, visit the FAS website at http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

North America

On March 5, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released its reports, U.S. and Canadian Cattle and Sheep and U.S. and Canadian Hogs. According to the numbers, as of January 1, 2015, total cattle and calves in the U.S. and Canada equaled 101.72 million head. This was 1.0 percent more than one year ago but was slightly lower than two years ago. Cows and heifers that have calved numbered 43.78 million head, which was 1.4 percent higher than one year ago but was nearly unchanged than two years ago. The beef cow inventory rose 1.6 percent from one year ago but was slightly lower from two years ago to 33.52 million head. The combined calf crops during 2014 equaled 38.50 million head, a little more than 2013. Meanwhile, the total hog and pig inventory for the U.S. and Canada equaled 79.22 million head. This was up 1.9 percent from one year ago and was up a little from two years ago. The number of hogs kept for breeding totaled 5.97 million head, which was 3.7 percent more than one year ago and was 2.6 percent more than two years ago. Market hogs totaled 60.08 million head. This was up 1.8 percent over one year but was down slightly from two years ago. The number of sows farrowed increased 3.3 percent from one year ago but decreased slightly from two years ago to 2.87 million head. The combined pig crops equaled 29.37 million head, which was 4.0 percent higher from one year ago and was relatively unchanged from two years ago. In the meantime, the total sheep and lamb inventory in the U.S. and Canada equaled 5.28 million head. This was up slightly from one year ago but was down 1.5 percent from two years ago. The number of breeding sheep and lambs increased a little from one year ago and declined 1.3 percent from two years ago to 3.94 million head. Replacement lambs totaled 650,000 head. This was 2.4 percent higher than one year ago but was 3.0 percent lower than two years ago. Market sheep and lambs totaled 1.35 million head, which was unchanged from one year ago and was 2.2 percent less than two years ago. The combined lamb crops during 2014 totaled 3.44 million head, which was up 2.1 percent from 2013. The complete reports, which are a joint effort between NASS and Statistics Canada, can be found on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Statistics Canada recently issued Canada’s semi-annual Cattle Statistics report. According to the data, on January 1, 2015, Canada’s total cattle inventory equaled 11.92 million head, which was down 2.5 percent from one year ago and was down 2.7 percent from two years ago. The province of Alberta had the greatest number of cattle with 4.90 million head, which accounted for 41.1 percent of the total. The inventory in Alberta was down 3.4 percent from a year ago. Combined, Alberta and Saskatchewan contained 7.20 million head, which comprised 60.4 percent of Canada’s total inventory. As of January 1, Canada’s beef cow inventory totaled 3.82 million head, which was down 2.0 percent from one year ago and was down 4.2 percent from two years ago. The number of beef cow replacements were 1.5 percent lower from one year ago but were up 1.8 percent over two years ago, totaling 531,000 head. The number of steers, over one year of age, totaled 1.18 million head, which was 5.4 percent less than one year ago and was 8.1 percent less than two years ago. Calves under one year of age numbered 3.85 million head. This was 2.5 percent lower than one year ago and was nearly unchanged from two years ago. During 2014, Canada’s cattle slaughter totaled 2.67 million head, which was 3.4 percent more than 2013 and was 2.4 percent more than 2012.

Statistics Canada also released its semi-annual Sheep Statistics report. According to the numbers, Canada’s sheep and lamb inventory on January 1, 2015 totaled 858,600 head. This was down 1.8 percent from one year ago and was down 24.6 percent from two years ago. The majority of Canada’s sheep herd was located in Ontario with 253,000 head, which accounted for 29.5 percent of the total. Ontario’s inventory was 2.3 percent less than a year ago. Combined, Quebec and Ontario had 471,000 head, which comprised 54.9 percent of Canada’s sheep herd. On January 1, the number of ewes fell 1.6 percent from one year ago to 542,800 head. Also, this was 2.7 percent lower than two years ago. Replacement lambs totaled 80,000 head. This was 5.7 percent less than one year ago and was 11.2 percent less than two years ago. Market lambs equaled 210,600 head, which was a little lower than one year ago and was 6.4 percent lower than two years ago. During 2014, Canada’s sheep and lamb slaughter totaled 171,682 head, which was 1.6 percent more than 2013 and was 7.1 percent more than 2013. 

In addition, Statistics Canada also published Canada’s semiannual Hog Statistics report. According to the data, on January 1, 2015, Canada’s hog and pig inventory totaled 13.17 million head. This was slightly higher than the July inventory and was 1.7 percent higher than a year ago. The largest concentration of hogs was located in Quebec with 4.27 million head, which made up 32.4 percent of the total inventory. Quebec’s inventory was 2.3 percent more than a year ago. In Eastern Canada, the hog inventory totaled 7.45 million head, which was 1.6 percent more than last year. In Western Canada, the hog inventory totaled 5.72 million head, which was 2.0 percent higher than last year. On January 1, Canada’s total breeding stock equaled 1.22 million head, which was little changed from the July inventory and from a year ago. Sows and bred gilts numbered 1.20 million head. This was nearly unchanged from the July inventory and from a year ago. The pig inventory was slightly higher than the July inventory with 11.95 million head. Also, this was up 3.4 percent over a year ago. During the last half of 2014, 1.26 million head of sows were farrowed. This was nearly 1.0 percent higher than the same time frame from the previous year. The number of pigs born during the last half of 2014 totaled 15.18 million head, 1.3 percent more than the prior year. Canada’s hog slaughter during 2014 equaled 19.56 million head, 2.1 percent less than one year ago and 3.7 percent less than two years ago. To obtain each of Canada’s inventory reports, visit the Statistics Canada website at http://www.statcan.gc.ca/.

CanFax recently published Canada’s current cattle on feed numbers for terminal feedlots with 1,000 or more head in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. According to the numbers, Canada’s total cattle on feed on March 1, 2015 equaled 866,003 head. This was 11.7 percent less than one year ago and was 9.5 percent less than the five year average. During February, the number of cattle placed on feed fell 14.6 percent from one year ago to 127,375 head. Also, this was 24.0 percent less than the five year average. Steers placed on feed totaled 101,552 head, which accounted for 79.7 percent of the total. Heifers placed on feed totaled 25,823 head. More specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds equaled 9,935 head, 50.5 percent less than last year. Placements weighing 600 to 699 pounds totaled 22,471 head, 29.7 percent lower than a year ago. Placements of feeder cattle weighing 700 to 799 pounds were nearly unchanged from last year, totaling 33,423 head. Finally, placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds equaled 61,546 head, 3.2 percent less than last year. Meanwhile, Canada’s fed cattle marketings totaled 118,570 head, which was 1.6 percent higher than one year ago and was 1.3 percent higher than the five year average. To view the entire report, visit the CanFax website at http://www.canfax.ca/.

Pacific Rim

The Korea International Trade Association (KITA) recently released February 2015 beef and pork import data for South Korea. According to the numbers, South Korea’s beef imports during February equaled 18,466 MT, which was down 34.3 percent from January and was down 5.3 percent from February 2014. More specifically, imports of frozen beef equaled 14,714 MT, which accounted for 79.7 percent of the total. Fresh, chilled beef imports equaled 3,753 MT. During February, South Korea imported 10,265 MT of beef from Australia. This was 32.8 percent lower than the previous month and was slightly lower than February 2014. Total year-to-date beef imports from Australia were 4.3 percent more than a year ago, amounting to 25,531 MT. Australia was the main beef import market for South Korea with 54.8 percent of the total imports. South Korea’s beef imports from the U.S. during February fell 39.4 percent from the previous month to 6,397 MT. Also, this was 9.7 percent less than February 2014. Year-to-date beef imports from the U.S. totaled 16,955 MT, 11.2 percent less than a year ago. The U.S. was the second largest source for South Korea’s beef imports with 36.4 percent of the total. During February, South Korea imported 1,477 MT of beef from New Zealand. This was down 16.9 percent from the previous month and was down 24.7 percent from February 2014. Year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand equaled 3,254 MT, which was 15.8 percent lower than last year. Overall, South Korea’s total year-to-date beef imports equaled 46,853 MT, which was 2.6 percent below the same period a year ago. Meanwhile, during February, South Korea imported 30,935 MT of pork. This was 25.2 percent less than the previous month but was 9.9 percent more than February 2014. Pork imports from the U.S. during February fell 30.8 percent from January to 7,924 MT. This was down 24.7 percent from February 2014. Total year-to-date pork imports from the U.S. equaled 19,378 MT, which was 10.3 percent lower than a year ago. The U.S. was the main supplier of pork to South Korea with 26.8 percent of the total imports. During February, South Korea imported 6,210 MT of pork from Germany. This was 13.4 percent lower than the previous month but was 74.2 percent higher than February 2014. Year-to-date pork imports from Germany totaled 13,378 MT, which was 92.6 percent above a year ago. South Korea’s pork imports from Spain during February equaled 5,123 MT. This was down 25.3 percent from the previous month but was up 186.7 percent from February 2014. Year-to-date pork imports from Spain were 218.2 percent more than a year ago, amounting to 11,978 MT. Overall, South Korea’s total year-to-date pork imports equaled 72,289 MT, which was 29.3 percent more than the corresponding period a year ago. To obtain further data on South Korea’s trade, go to the KITA website at http://www.kita.org/.

Oceania

Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) recently released Australia’s red meat export data for February 2015. According to the numbers, Australia’s beef and veal exports during February totaled 106,054 MT, which was up 57.0 percent over January and was nearly unchanged from February 2014. More specifically, exports of frozen beef equaled 72,757 MT, which accounted for 68.6 percent of the total. Exports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 26,701 MT. During February, Australia’s beef exports to the U.S. rose 46.5 percent over the previous month to 37,822 MT. Also, this was 60.0 percent higher than February 2014. Total year-to-date beef exports to the U.S. were 69.8 percent more than a year ago, amounting to 63,631 MT. The U.S. was Australia’s main beef export market with 36.7 percent of the total. Beef exports to Japan during February totaled 24,311 MT, which was up 56.8 percent over the previous month and was up 9.7 percent over February 2014. Year-to-date beef exports to Japan totaled 39,812 MT, 5.8 percent greater than last year. During February, Australia exported 12,186 MT of beef to South Korea, which was 63.0 percent higher than the previous month but was 1.2 percent lower than February 2014. Year-to-date beef exports to South Korea were 12.8 percent less than last year, amounting to 19,660 MT. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date beef and veal exports equaled 173,591 MT, which was 2.4 percent greater than the corresponding period a year ago.

During February, Australia exported 19,772 MT of lamb. This was 28.3 percent more than January and was 2.8 percent more than February 2014. Lamb exports to the Middle East during February totaled 4,668 MT, which was 3.5 percent lower than the previous month and was nearly unchanged from February 2014. Year-to-date lamb exports to the Middle East totaled 9,503 MT, 2.1 percent more than last year. The Middle East was the largest lamb export market for Australia with 27.0 percent of the total. During February, Australia’s lamb exports to the U.S. rose 26.8 percent over the previous month and 2.1 percent over February 2014 to 4,425 MT. Total year-to-date lamb exports to the U.S. equaled 7,915 MT, which was 2.0 percent greater than last year. Australia’s lamb exports to China during February equaled 3,292 MT. This was up 61.8 percent over the previous month and was up 2.2 percent over February 2014. Year-to-date lamb exports to China were 11.8 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 5,327 MT. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date lamb exports equaled 35,184 MT, 2.4 percent below the same period a year ago. Meanwhile, during February, Australia exported 14,243 MT of mutton, which was 2.3 percent lower than the previous month and was 24.2 percent lower than February 2014. Mutton exports to the Middle East during February totaled 4,704 MT. This was 7.0 percent more than January but was 17.4 percent less than February 2014. Total year-to-date mutton exports to the Middle East were 9.3 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 9,102 MT. During February, Australia exported 3,232 MT of mutton to China. This was down 24.4 percent from the previous month and was down 33.8 percent from February 2014. Total year-to-date mutton exports to China were 22.8 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 7,507 MT. Year-to-date mutton exports to the U.S. totaled 2,748 MT, 1.5 percent less than last year. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date mutton exports equaled 28,814 MT, which was 18.0 percent less than the corresponding period a year ago. Additional data on Australia’s red meat exports is available on the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

Recently, Japan’s Agriculture and Livestock Industries Corporation (ALIC) published Japan’s beef and pork import data for January 2015. According to the data, during January, Japan imported 33,069 MT of beef. This was 5.5 percent higher than the previous month but was 9.5 percent lower than a year ago. More specifically, imports of frozen beef totaled 20,301 MT, which was up 29.2 percent from the previous month and was up 5.3 percent from a year ago. Conversely, imports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 12,735 MT, which was down 30.1 percent over the previous month and was down 10.9 percent over a year ago. During January, Japan’s beef imports from Australia fell 14.2 percent from the previous month and 6.4 percent from a year ago to 16,899 MT. Australia was the primary source for Japan’s beef imports with 51.1 percent of the total. Japan’s beef imports from the U.S. during January equaled 11,362 MT. This was up 5.5 percent over the previous month but was down 9.8 percent from a year ago. Beef imports from New Zealand during January totaled 2,301 MT, which was 43.5 percent more than the previous month and was 21.4 percent more than a year ago. During December, Japan’s beef marketings totaled 71,522 MT, which was down 2.5 percent from the previous month and was down 13.5 percent from a year ago. More specifically, marketings of imports beef equaled 35,532 MT, 24.7 percent less than a year ago. Marketings of domestic beef equaled 35,990 MT, 1.4 percent more than a year ago. At the end of December, Japan’s beef stocks totaled 132,425 MT. This was 3.0 percent lower than the previous month but was 8.7 higher than a year ago. Stocks of imported beef were 11.9 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 121,350 MT. Domestic beef stocks totaled 11,075 MT, which was 17.2 percent less than a year ago.

During January, Japan imported 53,931 MT of pork. This was 4.8 percent lower than the previous month and was 19.2 percent lower than a year ago. More specifically, frozen pork imports equaled 34,902 MT, which was up 21.0 percent over the previous month but was down 15.3 percent from a year ago. Fresh, chilled pork imports equaled 19,027 MT, which was down 31.7 percent from the previous month and was down 25.4 percent from a year ago. During January, Japan’s pork imports from the U.S. equaled 15,415 MT. This was 23.3 percent less than the previous month and was 29.5 percent less than a year ago. The U.S. was the leading provider of pork to Japan with 28.6 percent of the total. Pork imports from Canada during January fell 14.4 percent from the previous month to 10,859 MT. Also, this was 7.5 percent lower than last year. During January, Japan imported 7,628 MT of pork from Denmark, which was up 28.0 percent over the previous month but was down 42.0 percent from a year ago. During December, Japan’s marketings of pork totaled 150,898 MT. This was up 7.1 percent from the previous month and up nearly 1.0 percent from a year ago. Marketings of imported pork were 8.3 percent higher than a year ago, amounting to 72,283 MT. Marketings of domestic pork equaled 78,615 MT, which was 5.3 percent lower than a year ago. Pork stocks at the end of December totaled 188,962 MT. This was down 7.3 percent from the previous month but was up 25.8 percent from a year ago. Imported pork stocks totaled 169,078 MT, which was 31.8 percent more than a year ago. Domestic pork stocks were 9.5 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 19,884 MT. To obtain additional data, visit the ALIC website at http://lin.alic.go.jp/alic/statis/dome/data2/e_nstatis.htm.

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