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USDA International Meat Review


10 November 2014

USDA International Meat Review 6 November 2014USDA International Meat Review 6 November 2014


USDA International Meat Review

Recently, the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) released U.S. red meat export and import data for September 2014. According to the numbers, during September, U.S. exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meats equaled 100,069 MT. This was 2.3 percent lower than the previous month but was 5.1 percent higher than September 2013. Specifically, exports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 31,485 MT, which was down a little from the previous month and was down 3.6 percent from September 2013. Exports of frozen beef equaled 37,842 MT, which was down 7.2 percent from the previous month but was up 10.8 percent over September 2013. During September, the U.S. exported 26,895 MT of beef variety meats. This was 4.4 percent more than the previous month and was 9.9 percent more than September 2013. During the first three quarters of the year, U.S. beef variety meat exports were 6.3 percent above a year ago, amounting to 247,552 MT.

 

Egypt was the largest beef variety meat export market with 92,795 MT, or 37.5 percent of the total. During September, the U.S. exported 23,196 MT of beef to Japan, which was 4.2 percent lower than the previous month. Year-todate beef exports to Japan totaled 184,292 MT, which was little changed from a year ago. Japan was the main beef export market for the U.S. with 20.7 percent of the total. Exports of beef to Mexico during September rose 20.0 percent over August to 23,240 MT. During the first three quarters of the year, beef exports to Mexico totaled 178,811 MT, which was 19.0 percent higher than a year ago.

Total year-to-date beef exports to Hong Kong were 26.2 percent more than a year ago, amounting to 106,423 MT. Overall, U.S. total beef and veal and beef variety meat exports during the first three quarters of 2014 equaled 890,278 MT, which was 2.9 percent higher than the same period a year ago. During September, U.S. exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats totaled 158,227 MT. This was down slightly from the previous month and was down 3.5 percent from September 2013. Specifically, exports of fresh, chilled pork equaled 55,146 MT, which was little changed from the previous month and was little changed from September 2013. Exports of frozen pork equaled 46,318 MT, which was 8.9 percent lower than the previous month and was 23.4 percent lower than September 2013. During September, U.S. exports of pork variety meats rose 2.9 percent over August to 40,479 MT. Also, this was up 26.4 percent over September 2013.

 

During the first three quarters of the year, pork variety meat exports were 9.2 percent greater than last year, amounting to 350,783 MT. Mexico was the leading U.S. pork variety meat export market with 114,258 MT, which accounted for 32.6 percent of the total. Pork exports to Mexico during September equaled 57,920 MT, 4.6 percent higher than the previous month. Year-to-date pork exports to Mexico totaled 493,335 MT, 13.0 percent more than last year. Mexico was the main U.S. pork export market with 30.6 percent of the total. During September, the U.S. exported 32,307 MT of pork to Japan. This was down 5.0 percent from the previous month. During the first three quarters of year, pork exports to Japan were 12.9 percent more than last year, totaling 358,444 MT. Total year-to-date pork exports to China equaled 171,162 MT, which was 29.2 percent lower than a year ago. Overall, U.S. total exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats during the first three quarters of 2014 equaled 1,611,203 MT, which was 4.4 percent greater than the corresponding period a year ago.

U.S. beef and veal imports during September rose 4.2 percent over August and 65.5 percent over September 2013 to 85,917 MT. More specifically, fresh, chilled beef imports totaled 33,661 MT, which was 2.0 percent higher than the previous month and was 37.9 percent higher than September 2013. Frozen beef imports totaled 49,528 MT, which was 6.2 percent higher than the previous month and was 99.5 percent higher than September 2013. During September, the U.S. imported 38,310 MT of beef from Australia. This was 19.4 percent more than the previous month.

During the first three quarters of the year, the U.S. imported 238,147 MT of beef from Australia, which was 58.4 percent greater than last year. Australia was the primary source for U.S. beef imports with 33.3 percent of the total. U.S. beef imports from New Zealand during September equaled 8,370 MT, which was 33.5 percent less than the previous month. Year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand were up 9.1 percent over a year ago, amounting to 164,695 MT. Year-to-date beef imports from Canada were 11.6 percent greater than last year, totaling 150,531 MT. Year-to-date beef imports from Mexico totaled 86,030 MT, 19.1 percent more than last year. Overall, during the first three quarters of 2014, U.S. beef and veal imports were 23.1 percent above the corresponding period a year ago, amounting to 714,358 MT.

During September, U.S. pork imports equaled 41,133 MT, which was 14.8 percent more than August and was 25.2 percent more than September 2013. Specifically, imports of fresh, chilled pork totaled 26,115 MT, which was 27.0 percent higher than the previous month and was 20.5 percent higher than September 2013. Imports of frozen pork totaled 11,427 MT, which was 1.7 percent higher than the previous month and was 57.9 percent higher than September 2013. During September, the U.S. imported 32,208 MT of pork from Canada, which was up 21.5 percent over the previous month. During the first three quarters of the year, total pork imports from Canada were 3.1 percent higher than a year ago, equaling 234,611 MT. Canada was the leading provider of pork to the U.S. with 76.5 percent of the total imports. During September, U.S. pork imports from Denmark rose 10.4 percent over the previous month to 2,925 MT. Year-to-date pork imports from Denmark totaled 26,439 MT, which was up 31.3 percent over last year.

Overall, U.S. total pork imports during the first three quarters of 2014 equaled 306,695 MT, 10.6 percent greater than the same period a year ago. To obtain additional data on U.S. trade, visit the FAS website at http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/default.aspx. On October 28, the World Trade Organization (WTO) announced that it had published its key statistical publications. The reports are International Trade Statistics 2014, World Tariff Profiles 2014, Trade Profiles 2014, and Services Profiles 2014. To view each of these reports, visit the WTO website at http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news14_e/publ_27oct14_e.htm. Pacific Rim Recently, the USDA Economic Research Service (ERS) published the report, Japan’s Agri-Food Sector and the Trans Pacific Partnership. The report discusses how the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) would lead to more agricultural exports to Japan from TPP partners, likely dominating the total agricultural trade impact of such an agreement. However, despite those increases, the agreement would reduce Japan’s production only slightly. To read the entire report, go to the ERS website at http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/eib-economic-information-bulletin/eib- 129.aspx.

North America

On October 24, USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) published its monthly Cattle on Feed report. According to the numbers, on October 1, 2014, cattle and calves on feed for the U.S. slaughter market for feedlots with a capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 10.06 million head. This was slightly lower than one year ago and was 8.5 percent lower than two years ago. During September, the number of cattle placed on feed equaled 2.01 million head, which was 1.0 percent more than one year ago but was little changed from two years ago. For the month of September, placements were the second lowest since the series began in 1996. Steers and steer calves placed on feed totaled 6.46 million head, which was slightly higher than a year ago. This accounted for 64.2 percent of the total placements. Heifers and heifer calves placed on feed totaled 3.55 million head, which was 3.1 percent less than a year ago. More specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds totaled 460,000 head, which was 1.1 percent less than a year ago.

 

Placements weighing 600 to 699 pounds were up 1.5 percent over last year, totaling 340,000 head. Placements of feeder cattle weighing 700 to 799 pounds totaled 437,000 head, 8.0 percent lower than a year ago. Placements weighing more than 800 pounds were 8.0 percent more than last year, amounting to 770,000 head. Meanwhile, during September, fed cattle marketings totaled 1.68 million head, which was down a little from one year ago but was up 5.3 percent over two years ago. The complete report can be found on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/. On October 23, USDA NASS released its Livestock Slaughter report. According to the numbers, during the third quarter of 2014, U.S. cattle slaughter totaled 7.51 million head. This was 2.7 percent less than the previous quarter and was 8.4 percent less than a year ago.

Beef production during the third quarter was down slightly from the previous quarter, equaling 6.10 billion pounds. Also, this was down 6.6 percent from a year ago. The average live weight for cattle at the end of September equaled a record 1,347 pounds, which was 31 pounds heavier than a year ago. During the first three quarters of 2014, U.S. total cattle slaughter was down 6.5 percent from last year, amounting to 22.49 million head. Year-to-date beef production totaled 18.00 billion pounds, 5.5 percent less than a year ago. In the meantime, during the third quarter of 2014, U.S. hog slaughter totaled 25.36 million head. This was a little lower than the previous quarter and was 7.6 percent lower than a year ago. U.S. pork production during the third quarter fell 1.5 percent from the previous quarter and fell 3.5 percent from a year ago to 5.39 billion pounds.

At the end of September, the average live hog weight equaled 283 pounds, ten pounds more than last year. Year-to-date U.S. hog slaughter totaled 77.70 million head, 4.9 percent lower than a year ago. Year-to-date pork production was 1.1 percent less than last year, totaling 16.61 billion pounds. Meanwhile, during the third quarter, U.S. sheep and lamb slaughter totaled 522.9 thousand head. This was 5.9 percent less than the previous quarter and was 4.9 percent less than a year ago. Third quarter U.S. lamb and mutton production equaled 34.6 million pounds. This was 12.8 percent lower than the previous quarter and was 5.7 percent lower than a year ago. Total sheep and lamb slaughter during the first three quarters of the year equaled 1.58 million head, which was nearly unchanged from a year ago. Lamb and mutton production for the year-to-date was a little lower than a year ago, amounting to 109.5 million pounds. U.S. goat slaughter during the third quarter totaled 128.9 thousand head. Although this was up 2.5 percent over the previous quarter, it was down 11.5 percent from a year ago. Total year-to-date goat slaughter equaled 357.8 thousand head, which was 8.6 percent less than a year ago. To view the entire report, go to the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Oceania

Recently, Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) published Australia’s red meat export data for October 2014. According to the numbers, during October, Australia exported a record 122,455 MT of beef and veal. This was up 3.2 percent over the previous month and was up 17.7 percent over October 2013. Specifically, frozen beef exports totaled 93,217 MT, which comprised 76.1 percent of the total. Fresh, chilled beef exports totaled 29,238 MT. During October, Australia’s beef exports to the U.S. totaled 42,705 MT. Although this was 9.6 percent lower than the previous month, it was 98.8 percent higher than October 2013. Total year-to-date beef exports to the U.S. equaled 317,985 MT, 79.3 percent greater than last year. The U.S. was the main beef export market for Australia with 30.0 percent of the total. Australia’s beef exports to Japan during October rose 5.1 percent over September to 28,155 MT.

 

Also, this was 30.9 percent higher than October 2013. Year-to-date beef exports to Japan totaled 240,355 MT, which was little changed from a year ago. Australia’s beef exports to South Korea during October totaled 13,448 MT. This was 18.0 percent higher than the previous month but was 2.0 percent lower than October 2013. Year-to-date beef exports to South Korea were 8.6 percent more than a year ago, amounting to 122,927 MT. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date beef and veal exports equaled 1,059,156 MT, which was 17.2 percent above the same period a year ago. During October, Australia exported a record 24,202 MT of lamb, which was 14.8 percent more than the previous month and was 16.2 percent more than October 2013. Australia’s lamb exports to the Middle East during October rose 2.9 percent over September and 22.8 percent over October 2013 to a record 6,278 MT. Year-to-date lamb exports to the Middle East totaled 53,151 MT, 6.7 percent above a year ago. The Middle East was Australia’s primary lamb export market with 26.9 percent of the total. Lamb exports to the U.S. during October totaled 5,142 MT, which was 20.6 percent higher than the previous month and was 22.3 percent higher than October 2013. Additionally, this was the highest single month volume since October 2007. Total year-to-date lamb exports to the U.S. were 20.5 percent more than last year, reaching to 38,766 MT.

During October, Australia exported 3,814 MT of lamb to China. This was down slightly from the previous month and was down 5.4 percent from October 2013. Year to-date lamb exports to China totaled 33,718 MT, 5.6 percent higher than a year ago. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date lamb exports equaled 197,230 MT, which was 13.5 percent above the same period a year ago. Meanwhile, during October, Australia exported 18,415 MT of mutton, which was up 21.6 percent over September and was up 2.3 percent over October 2013. Australia’s mutton exports to the Middle East during October rose 12.9 percent over the previous month and 79.5 percent over October 2013 to 4,654 MT. Total year-to-date mutton exports to the Middle East were 24.8 percent greater than last year, amounting to 43,049 MT. The Middle East was Australia’s main mutton export market with 29.2 percent of the total. Mutton exports to China during October totaled 4,943 MT. Although this was 19.5 percent higher than the previous month, it was 29.0 percent lower than October 2013. Year-to-date mutton exports to China totaled 37,812 MT, 12.8 percent less than a year ago. During October, Australia exported 1,516 MT of mutton to the U.S. This was 82.2 percent more than the previous month and was 112.9 percent more than October 2013. Year-to-date mutton exports to the U.S. were up 30.9 percent over last year, totaling 9,918 MT. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date mutton exports equaled 147,467 MT, 8.2 percent greater than the corresponding period a year ago. Additional data on Australia’s exports can be found on the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

 

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