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USDA International Meat Review


30 April 2012

USDA International Meat Review - 26th April 2012USDA International Meat Review - 26th April 2012

The USDA Foreign Agriculture Service (FAS) recently issued February 2012 red meat trade data for the U.S. According to the data, during February, U.S. exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meats equaled 87,131 MT. This was 2.6 percent lower than the previous month and was 3.0 percent lower than February 2011.
USDA International Meat Review

US Red Meat Exports Including Variety Meats Beef & Veal Exports for February 2012

Specifically, exports of fresh, chilled product totaled 27,514 MT, which was down 4.1 percent from the previous month and was down 5.4 percent from February 2011. Exports of frozen product were up 3.2 percent over the previous month, but were down 10.3 percent from February 2011, totaling 29,750 MT. During February, the U.S. exported 27,141 MT of variety meats, which was 5.8 percent lower than the previous month but was 9.7 percent higher than February 2011. Year-to-date beef variety meat exports were 9.3 percent higher than a year ago, amounting to 55,961 MT. U.S. beef exports to Mexico during February fell 8.2 percent from January to 18,221 MT. Total year-to-date beef exports to Mexico equaled 38,070 MT, 6.1 percent less than a year ago. Mexico was the leading beef export market for the U.S. with 21.6 percent of the total share. During February, the U.S. exported 11,490 MT of beef to Canada. This was down 8.7 percent from the previous month. Year-to-date beef exports to Canada were 3.2 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 24,072 MT. Overall, U.S total year-to-date beef and veal and beef variety meat exports equaled 176,583 MT, which was 1.6 percent below the same period a year ago.

US Red Meat Exports Including Variety Meats Pork Exports for February 2012

During February, the U.S exported 184,966 MT of pork cuts and pork variety meats. This was 11.2 percent lower than the previous month but was 9.5 percent higher than February 2011. Specifically, exports of fresh, chilled pork equaled 58,289 MT, which was down 5.6 percent from the previous month but was up 37.5 percent over February 2011. Exports of frozen pork equaled 82,218 MT, which was 12.0 percent lower than the previous month but was 12.3 percent higher than February 2011. During February, U.S. pork variety meat exports fell 16.1 percent from January to 33,718 MT. This was also 9.8 percent lower than February 2011. Total year-to-date pork variety meat exports equaled 73,929 MT, which was down slightly from a year ago. During February, the U.S. exported 51,482 MT of pork to Mexico. This was 13.1 percent less than the previous month. Year-to-date pork exports to Mexico were 19.7 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 110,735 MT. Mexico was the largest U.S. pork export market with 28.2 percent of the total. Pork exports to Japan during February fell 7.4 percent from the previous month to 38,618 MT. Total year-to-date pork exports to Japan equaled 80,306 MT, 7.8 percent above a year ago. During February, the U.S. exported 25,424 MT of pork to China, which was 27.5 percent below the previous month. Year-to-date pork exports to China equaled 60,489 MT, 67.2 percent greater than a year ago. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats equaled 393,309 MT, 18.7 percent above the same period a year ago.

US Red Meat Imports Excluding Variety Meats Beef & Veal Imports for February 2012

During February, U.S. beef and veal imports equaled 56,545 MT. Although this was 11.3 percent lower than the previous month, it was 21.3 percent higher than February 2011. More specifically, fresh, chilled beef imports equaled 26,725 MT, which was down 4.4 percent from the previous month but was up 30.0 percent over February 2011. Frozen beef imports totaled 27,287 MT, which was 18.2 percent lower than the previous month but was 12.8 percent higher than February 2011. During February, the U.S. imported 19,284 MT from Canada, which was up nearly 1.0 percent over the previous month. Total year-to-date beef imports from Canada equaled 38,419 MT, 8.1 percent more than a year ago. Canada was the main provider of beef to the U.S. with 31.9 percent of the total market share. Beef imports from Australia during February fell 37.9 percent from the previous month to 11,674 MT. Yearto- date beef imports from Australia were up 146.0 percent over a year ago, totaling 30,460 MT. During February, beef imports from New Zealand equaled 11,258 MT, which was 3.5 percent lower than January. Year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand were 15.7 percent below a year ago, amounting to 22,926 MT. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date beef and veal imports equaled 120,328 MT, which was 25.0 percent above the same period a year ago.

US Red Meat Imports Excluding Variety Meats Pork Imports for February 2012

U.S. pork imports during February rose 3.4 percent over the previous month to 29,178 MT. Also, this was 13.6 percent higher than February 2011. More specifically, imports of fresh, chilled pork equaled 17,453 MT, which was 1.1 percent above the previous month and was 18.9 percent above February 2011. Imports of frozen pork equaled 7,980 MT, which was up 17.3 percent over the previous month and was up 26.9 percent over February 2011. Pork imports from Canada during February rose 5.1 percent over the previous month to 24,175 MT. Total year-to-date pork imports from Canada equaled 47,171 MT, which was 9.7 percent greater than a year ago. Canada was the main supplier of pork to the U.S. with 82.2 percent of the total imports. During February, the U.S. imported 2,422 MT from Denmark, which was 5.4 percent higher than the previous month. Year-to-date pork imports from Denmark totaled 4,719 MT, which was up 3.5 percent over a year ago. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date pork imports equaled 57,384 MT, 8.9 percent above the corresponding period a year ago. To obtain further U.S. trade data, go to the FAS website http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

According to a press release from the USDA, the USDA confirmed the fourth case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in the U.S. This most recent case is from a dairy cow in California and did not enter the food supply. To view the press release and obtain more information on BSE, visit the USDA website at http://www.usda.gov/.

USDA FAS recently issued Livestock and Products Semi-Annual report for Japan. The report includes summaries, outlooks, livestock inventories, consumption data and current production and supply data. The report can be found on the FAS Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) website at http://gain.fas.usda.gov/.

On April 6, 2012, the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) announced its final approval of the U.S.-Colombia Free Trade Agreement (FTA). On May 15, 2012, over 80 percent of U.S. exports of consumer and industrial products to Colombia will become duty-free. Also, immediately, U.S. exports of such products as high quality beef and bacon will become duty free. To obtain the entire press release, visit the USTR website at http://www.ustr.gov/.

USDA FAS recently issued its bi-annual report, Livestock and Poultry: World Markets and Trade. According to the publication, world beef and veal production during 2012 is forecast at 57.00 MMT. This was nearly unchanged from 2011. U.S. beef production during 2012 is predicted to total 11.47 MMT, which is 4.4 percent lower than 2011. The U.S. is the leading beef producing nation. During 2012, beef production in Brazil, the second largest beef producing country, is forecast to reach 9.21 MMT. This is 2.0 percent more than 2011. During 2012, world beef and veal exports are forecast to increase 7.0 percent over 2011 to 8.73 MMT. According to FAS, India is predicted to be the largest beef exporting nation in 2012 with 1.53 MMT, which is 25.0 percent above 2011. The increase is due to an expanding dairy herd, improved efficiency, increased slaughter and price competitiveness in the international market. However, India’s foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) status remains an obstacle to expanding market access. Australia’s beef exports during 2012 are expected to rise 1.1 percent from 2011 to 1.43 MMT, due to strong U.S. demand for manufacturing beef. U.S. beef exports during 2012 are forecast at 1.24 MMT, which is 2.3 percent less than 2011. Brazil’s beef exports are expected to total 1.35 MMT, nearly 1.0 percent higher than 2011. Canada’s beef exports during 2012 are forecast at 450,000 MT, 5.6 percent higher than 2011. During 2012, world beef and veal imports are forecast to total 7.35 MMT, which is up 5.2 percent over 2011. Russia is predicted to be the largest beef importing country in 2012 with 1.15 MMT, which is up 1.3 percent over 2011. U.S. beef imports during 2012 are expected to increase 19.4 percent over 2011 to 1.11 MMT because of tight domestic supplies. Japan’s beef imports are expected to increase 1.5 percent to 756,000 MT. During 2012, South Korea’s beef imports are predicted to decrease 9.5 percent from 2011 to 390,000 MT as a result of increased domestic supplies. Meanwhile, FAS forecasts world pork production during 2012 to total 104.36 MMT. This is 2.7 percent above 2011. China’s pork production during 2012 is expected to reach 51.60 MMT, which is 4.2 percent greater than 2011 due to milder disease outbreaks, rising returns and government support of improved genetics and expansion. China is the primary pork producing nation. During 2012, pork production in the EU, which is the second largest pork producing country, is forecast to total 22.62 MMT. This is slightly less than 2011. Pork production in the U.S. during 2012 is predicted to total 10.56 MMT, which is up 2.2 percent over 2011 due to increased sow productivity and slightly heavier weights. During 2012, world pork exports are forecast at 6.99 MMT, which is nearly unchanged from 2011. U.S. pork exports during 2012 are predicted to increase 2.0 percent over 2011 to 2.40 MMT. The U.S. is the primary pork exporting country. EU pork exports are forecast at 2.13 MMT during 2012, which is 3.6 percent less than 2011. World pork imports during 2012 are forecast to decrease 2.3 percent from 2011 to 6.45 MMT. Japan’s pork imports are predicted to decrease slightly to 1.25 MMT. Japan is the main pork importing nation. During 2012, U.S. pork imports are forecast at 365,000 MT, which is nearly unchanged from 2011. The entire report is available on the FAS website at http://www.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/circulars/livestock_poultry.pdf

North America

US Cattle on Feed

On April 20, the USDA National Agriculture and Statistics Service (NASS) published its monthly Cattle on Feed report. According to the data, on April 1, 2012, cattle and calves on feed for the U.S. slaughter market for feedlots with a capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 11.48 million head. This was up 2.0 percent over one year ago and was up 6.9 percent over two years ago. The number of cattle placed on feed during March decreased 6.4 percent from one year ago and 3.4 percent from two years ago to 1.79 million head. More specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds equaled 390,000 head, which was 2.6 percent more than a year ago. Placements of feeder cattle weighing 600 to 699 pounds equaled 300,000 head, which was 16.7 percent less than a year ago. Placements weighing 700 to 799 pounds declined 15.1 percent from last year, totaling 500,000 head. Finally, placements weighing more than 800 pounds totaled 602,000 head, which was up 2.9 percent over last year. Meanwhile, U.S. fed cattle marketings during March equaled 1.92 million head. This was down 3.6 percent from one year ago but was up nearly 1.0 percent over two years ago. The complete report is available on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

US Federally Inspected Quarterly Livestock Slaughter From January l, 2012 to March 31, 2012

On April 20, USDA NASS released its Livestock Slaughter report. According to the numbers, during the first quarter of 2012, U.S. cattle slaughter totaled 7.89 million head. This was 4.3 percent less than the previous quarter and was 3.5 percent less than a year ago. Beef production during the first quarter fell 3.2 percent from the previous quarter and fell 2.1 percent from a year ago to 6.19 billion pounds. At the end of March, live cattle weights equaled 1,302 pounds, which was 24 pounds heavier than a year ago. Meanwhile, U.S. hog slaughter during the first quarter of 2012 fell 5.9 percent from the previous quarter to 27.90 million head. This was up 2.3 percent over a year ago. First quarter pork production fell 5.3 percent from the previous quarter to 5.82 billion pounds. However, this was 2.4 percent more than a year ago. Live hog weights at the end of March were one pound heavier than last year, amounting to 279 pounds. Meanwhile, U.S. sheep and lamb slaughter during the first quarter fell 2.3 percent from the previous quarter but rose 1.9 percent over a year ago to 488.4 thousand head. U.S. lamb and mutton production during the first quarter totaled 37.0 million pounds, which was 6.9 percent more than the previous quarter and was 6.3 percent more than a year ago. Goat slaughter during the first quarter of 2012 equaled 125.8 thousand head, which was 23.9 percent lower than the previous quarter but was 3.9 percent higher than a year ago. To obtain the complete monthly report, visit the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Pacific Rim

South Korea Red Meat Imports
Beef Imports for March 2012

Recently, the Korea International Trade Association (KITA) published South Korea’s beef and pork import data for March 2012. According to the statistics, during March, South Korea imported 21,409 MT of beef. This was 2.7 percent greater than February but was 17.6 percent less than March 2011. More specifically, imports of frozen product totaled 17,978 MT, which accounted for 84.0 percent of the total. Imports of fresh, chilled product totaled 3,431 MT, of which Australia’s share was 73.2 percent. South Korea’s beef imports from Australia during March rose 12.5 percent over the previous month but fell 16.8 percent from March 2011 to 11,017 MT. During the first quarter of the year, South Korea’s beef imports from Australia equaled 31,330 MT, which was 10.4 percent less than a year ago. Australia was the primary beef import market for South Korea with 48.7 percent of the total share. During March, South Korea imported 7,862 MT of beef from the U.S. This was down 7.6 percent from the previous month and was down 13.0 percent from March 2011. Year-to-date beef imports from the U.S. totaled 25,316 MT, which was 5.8 percent lower than last year. Beef imports from New Zealand during March were up slightly over the previous month but were down 33.7 percent from last year, amounting to 2,204 MT. Total year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand equaled 6,640 MT, which was 28.6 percent less than a year ago. Overall, South Korea’s beef imports during the first quarter of 2012 totaled 64,367 MT, which was down 10.9 percent below the corresponding period a year ago. Meanwhile, during March, South Korea imported 48,509 MT of pork. This was up 45.5 percent over the previous month and was up 19.3 percent over March 2011. Pork imports from the U.S. during March totaled 13,294 MT, which was 32.3 percent higher than the previous month but was 10.0 percent lower than March 2011. During the first quarter, South Korea’s pork imports from the U.S. were 4.5 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 37,421 MT. The U.S. was the leading supplier of pork to South Korea with 31.2 percent of the total. During March, South Korea imported 8,024 MT from Canada, which was up 75.2 percent over the previous month and was up slightly over March 2011. During the first quarter, pork imports from Canada were 2.5 percent lower than a year ago, totaling 18,176 MT. Pork imports from Chile during March rose 15.9 percent over the previous month to 3,523 MT. Also, this was up 42.4 percent over March 2011. Year-to-date pork imports from Chile equaled 9,315 MT, which was 7.3 percent less than last year. Overall, South Korea’s total pork imports during the first quarter of 2012 totaled 119,936 MT, which was 17.3 percent above the corresponding period a year ago. Additional data on South Korea’s trade can be found on the KITA website at http://www.kita.org/.

April 2012

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