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USDA International Meat Review


20 April 2012

USDA International Meat Review - 12th April 2012USDA International Meat Review - 12th April 2012

The USDA National Agriculture Statistic Service (NASS) released its quarterly Hogs and Pigs report on March 30. According to the numbers, the US inventory of all hogs and pigs on March 1, 2012 totaled 64.87 million head.
USDA International Meat Review

North America

This was 2.2 percent lower than the previous quarter but was 1.9 percent higher than a year ago. The breeding herd equaled 5.82 million head, which was slightly more than the previous quarter and a year ago. The number of market hogs and pigs fell 2.5 percent from the previous quarter to 59.05 million head. However, this was up 2.0 percent over last year. More specifically, market hogs and pigs weighing less than 50 pounds totaled 19.33 million head. This was nearly unchanged from the previous quarter but was 2.5 percent higher than a year ago. Market hogs and pigs weighing 50 to 119 pounds equaled 16.46 million head, which was down 2.6 percent from the previous quarter, but was up 2.5 percent over last year. The number of market hogs and pigs weighing 120 to 179 pounds were up slightly over the previous quarter and were up 1.7 percent over a year ago, amounting to 12.57 million head. Market hogs and pigs weighing more than 180 pounds totaled 10.70 million head, which was 10.3 percent lower than the previous quarter but was nearly 1.0 percent higher than last year. During the December to February time period, the number of sows farrowed equaled 2.88 million head, which was 1.2 percent higher than a year ago. This accounted for 49.4 percent of the total breeding herd. During the same time frame, the pig crop totaled 28.68 million head, 2.9 percent more than a year ago. Pigs per liter equaled 9.97 head, compared to 9.80 head a year ago. Iowa comprised 30.4 percent of the total U.S. herd, making it the largest hog producing state with 19.70 million head. This was 4.2 percent higher than a year ago. North Carolina had the second largest hog inventory with 8.60 million head, which was up 1.2 percent over last year and accounted for 13.3 percent of the total inventory. The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with 5,000 head represented 47 percent of the total U.S. hog inventory, which was up from 46 percent last year. The complete report is available on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.



According to data from the USDA Livestock and Grain Market News (LGMN), during the first quarter of 2012, the U.S. imported 449,395 head of feeder cattle from Mexico. This was 20.2 percent greater than one year ago and was 65.0 percent greater than two years ago. Mexico is in the middle of the worst drought conditions in nearly seven decades. According to the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), since late 2011, northern Mexico has started to slaughter cattle, including feeder calves and dairy cattle, in order to cope with the exceptionally long-term drought. Additionally, the cattle industry has struggled with robust international grain demand, which has led to tighter feed supplies and higher production costs. Mexico’s cattle producers coped by partially liquidating herds in the last quarter of 2011. According to FAS data, Mexico’s cattle herd is at the lowest level since the early 1960’s. To obtain the weekly report, visit the LGMN website at http://www.ams.usda.gov/LSMarketNews.

CanFax recently published Canada’s 2012 feedlot demographic survey results. According to the report, as of January 1, 2012, the total number of feedlots in Alberta and Saskatchewan was 193, down from 201 a year ago. The total bunk capacity in the two provinces was 1,624,550 head, down 3.8 percent from 2011. The decrease was due to feedlot closures or changes in finishing. Alberta saw a decrease in the total number of feedlots from 186 in 2011 to 182 in 2012. In Saskatchewan, there were 11 feedlots, compared to 15 a year ago. For the complete report, go to the CanFax website at http://www.canfax.ca/.

The U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), which is a division of the Department of Homeland Security, recently published the most current statistics on U.S. beef imports under a tariff rate quota (TRQ). According to the data, as of April 2, 2012, U.S. beef imports subject to a TRQ totaled 156,919 MT. This was 19.6 percent greater than the same period a year ago. Beef imports from Canada, which are not subject to a TRQ, equaled 52,071 MT, which was up 6.7 percent over a year ago. Imports of beef from New Zealand were 6.1 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 33,960 MT. This filled 15.9 percent of the country’s TRQ, which was down from 16.9 percent a year ago. Beef imports from Australia were 94.6 percent above a year ago, totaling 38,227 MT. This filled 10.1 percent of the TRQ, up from 5.2 percent last year. Through April 2, beef imports from Uruguay were 50.1 percent higher than last year, equaling 3,435 MT. Uruguay filled 17.2 percent of its TRQ, which was up from 11.4 percent a year ago. Beef imports from Argentina remain restricted due to the foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). The weekly report is available on the CBP website at http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cgov/trade/trade_programs/textiles_and_quotas/commodity/.

Pacific Rim

Japan’s Agriculture and Livestock Industries Corporation (ALIC) recently issued Japan’s red meat import data for February 2012. According to the data, Japan’s beef imports during February rose 7.8 percent over the previous month and 8.5 percent over February 2011 to 40,066 MT. Specifically, frozen beef imports equaled 24,748 MT, which was up 4.5 percent over the previous month and was up 11.6 percent over a year ago. Fresh, chilled beef imports totaled 15,267 MT, which was up 13.7 percent over the previous month and was up 3.6 percent over February 2011. Beef imports from Australia during February were up 7.3 percent over January, amounting to 26,700 MT. This was also up 6.9 percent over February 2011. Year-to-date beef imports from Australia totaled 51,581 MT, 5.7 percent higher than a year ago. Australia was the leading beef import market for Japan, with 66.8 percent of the market share. During February, Japan imported 8,145 MT of beef from the U.S. This was 3.2 percent more than January and was 23.8 percent more than February 2011. Year-to-date beef imports from the U.S. were 14.1 percent higher than a year ago, amounting to 16,041 MT. Japan’s beef imports from New Zealand during the month of February rose 25.9 percent from the previous month but fell 4.4 percent from last year, totaling 2,801 MT. Year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand equaled 5,026 MT, 10.7 percent lower than a year ago. Overall, Japan’s total year-to-date beef imports equaled 77,224 MT, which was 5.5 percent above the same period a year ago. Japan’s beef marketings during January totaled 68,780 MT, 15.5 percent less than the previous month but 2.1 percent more than last year. Marketings of imported beef were down 2.6 percent from last year, equaling 38,975 MT. Domestic beef marketings totaled 29,805 MT, which was 8.8 percent higher than a year ago. At the end of January, Japan’s beef stocks amounted to 92,324 MT, which was down 5.0 percent from the previous month but was up 6.4 percent over a year ago. Stocks of imported beef equaled 80,135 MT, 8.1 percent more than last year. Stocks of domestic beef were down 3.6 percent from a year ago, totaling 12,189 MT.

Japan’s pork imports during February fell 7.8 percent from the previous month but rose 1.2 percent over February 2011 to 63,352 MT. More specifically, frozen pork imports totaled 41,544 MT. This was 16.1 percent below the previous month and was 6.6 percent below February 2011. Fresh, chilled pork imports were 13.2 percent higher than January and 20.1 percent higher than a year ago, amounting to 21,776 MT. Japan’s pork imports from the U.S. during February totaled 26,528. This was down 4.6 percent below the previous month but was up 8.1 percent over February 2011. Total year-to-date pork imports from the U.S. were 11.0 percent greater than last year, equaling 54,328 MT. The U.S. was the largest supplier of pork to Japan, with 41.1 percent of the total imports. For the month of February, Japan imported 13,111 MT from Canada, which was down 11.7 percent from last month and was down 8.9 percent from a year ago. Total year-to-date imports from Canada were 5.6 percent higher than a year ago, amounting to 27,953 MT. Pork imports from Denmark during February fell 5.7 percent from January to 9,891 MT. Also, this was 3.9 percent less than last year. Year-to-date pork imports from Denmark equaled 20,379 MT, 4.2 percent more than a year ago. Overall, Japan’s total year-to-date pork imports reached 132,079 MT, which was 9.8 percent higher than the corresponding period a year ago. Japan’s pork marketings during January decreased 12.6 percent from the previous month but increased 2.0 percent over a year ago to 132,842 MT. Imported pork marketings totaled 57,196 MT, which was 5.1 percent more than a year ago. Marketings of domestic pork imports were down slightly from a year ago, equaling 75,646 MT. At the end of January, Japan’s pork stocks totaled 178,630 MT, which was 7.6 percent above the previous month and 4.7 percent above last year. Stocks of imported pork reached 154,765 MT, 6.9 percent greater than a year ago. Stocks of domestic pork equaled 23,865 MT, which was 7.5 percent less than a year ago. Additional data on Japan’s red meat trade can be found on the ALIC website at http://lin.alic.go.jp/alic/statis/dome/data2/e_nstatis.htm.

Oceania

Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries, Forestry (DAFF) recently published Australia’s red meat export figures for March 2012. According to the numbers, during March, Australia exported 83,373 MT of beef and veal. This was 5.9 percent more than the previous month but was 4.6 percent less than March 2011. More specifically, frozen beef exports equaled 60,912 MT, which comprised 73.1 percent of the total exports. According to a news source, Australia’s frozen beef exports are growing due to an increase in manufacturing beef exports. There have been reports that due to increased trade in frozen beef, frozen cold storage space around major shipping points was in short supply. Fresh, chilled beef exports amounted to 22,461 MT. During March, Australia exported 25,028 MT of beef to Japan, which was up 6.7 percent over February but was down 21.4 percent from March 2011. During the first quarter of 2012, Australia exported 65,283 MT of beef to Japan, which was 17.0 percent lower than a year ago. Japan was Australia’s primary beef export market with 31.2 percent of the total. During March, Australia exported 26,786 MT of beef to the U.S., which was 14.8 percent higher than February and was 72.7 percent higher than March 2011 due to short supplies in the U.S. Additionally, this was the highest single month volume since March 2009. The U.S. was the second largest beef export market for Australia with 29.6 percent of the total. Total year-to-date beef exports to the U.S. were up 76.1 percent over a year ago, amounting to 61,899 MT. Australia’s beef exports to South Korea during March totaled 7,921 MT, which was 17.1 percent lower than the previous month and was 52.2 percent lower than March 2011. Total year-to-date beef exports to South Korea were 38.8 percent below last year, amounting to 24,199 MT. Overall, Australia’s beef and veal exports during the first quarter of 2012 totaled 209,245 MT, 1.5 percent higher than the same period a year ago.

During the month of March, Australia’s lamb exports totaled 15,899 MT. This was 7.3 percent higher than the previous month and 20.5 percent higher than March 2011. Additionally, this was the highest volume for Australia’s lamb exports since November 2010. Australia’s lamb exports to the Middle East during March were up 31.1 percent over the previous month and were up 49.5 percent over March 2011, totaling 3,729 MT. During the first quarter of 2012, Australia exported 9,619 MT of lamb to the Middle East, which was 39.2 percent higher than a year ago. The Middle East was the primary lamb export market for Australia with 23.4 percent of the total. During March, Australia exported 3,556 MT of lamb to the U.S. This was down 7.3 percent from February and was down 1.3 percent from a year ago. Total year-to-date lamb exports to the U.S. were 7.9 percent more than last year, amounting to 9,343 MT. The U.S. was the second largest market and accounted for 22.7 percent of the total. During March, lamb exports to China totaled 2,406 MT, which was up 1.2 percent over the previous month and was up 47.0 percent over last year. Additionally, this is a monthly record high volume for Australia’s lamb exports to China. Overall, during the first quarter of 2012, Australia’s total lamb exports amounted to 41,190 MT, which was 20.8 percent above the corresponding period a year ago. Meanwhile, Australia’s mutton exports during March fell 2.7 percent from the previous month but rose 18.1 percent over March 2011 to 8,123 MT. During March, Australia exported 3,821 MT of mutton to the Middle East, which was 8.6 percent higher than February and was 12.9 percent higher than March 2011. During the first quarter of 2012, Australia’s mutton exports to the Middle East were 1.3 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 10,421 MT. The Middle East was the leading mutton export market for Australia with 44.1 percent of the total volume. During March, Australia exported 520 MT to China. This was 31.5 percent lower than February but was 114.9 percent higher than March 2011. During the first quarter of 2012, Australia’s mutton exports to China were 57.1 percent more than a year ago, equaling 1,973 MT. Mutton exports to the U.S. during March declined 29.6 percent from the previous month to 350 MT. However, this was up slightly from March 2011. Year-to-date mutton exports to the U.S. totaled 1,539 MT, which was down 14.6 percent from last year. Overall, Australia’s mutton exports during the first quarter of 2012 equaled 23,626 MT, 6.1 percent above the same period a year ago. To obtain additional data on Australia’s exports, visit the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

According to the most recent data from Australia’s DAFF, Australia’s goat meat exports during the first quarter of 2012 totaled 5,744 MT. This was 9.3 percent less than the previous quarter but was 3.3 percent more than a year ago. During the first quarter, Australia’s goat meat exports to the U.S. fell 16.9 percent from the previous quarter to 2,436 MT. Furthermore, this was 22.6 percent lower than a year ago. The U.S. was Australia’s main goat meat export market with 42.4 percent of the total. Goat meat exports to the Caribbean during the first quarter were down slightly from the previous quarter, amounting to 1,044 MT. However, this was up 33.2 percent over a year ago. The Caribbean was Australia’s second largest goat meat export market with 18.2 percent of the total. During the first quarter, Australia’s goat meat exports to Taiwan equaled 690 MT, which was down 38.4 percent from the previous quarter and was down 8.5 percent from a year ago. For additional data, go to the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

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