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USDA International Meat Review


19 February 2014

USDA International Meat Review - 13 February 2014USDA International Meat Review - 13 February 2014


USDA International Meat Review

Trade Highlights

The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) recently issued US red meat trade statistics for December 2013 and for the year end. According to the numbers, US exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meats during December totaled 102,269 MT. This was up nearly 1.0 percent over the previous month and was up 13.1 percent over December 2012. More specifically, exports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 35,500 MT, which was 11.5 percent higher than the previous month and was 18.2 percent higher than December 2012. Exports of frozen beef totaled 36,279 MT, which was slightly higher lower than the previous month and was 15.8 percent higher than December 2012. Exports of beef variety meats during December fell 11.5 percent from the previous month to 26,035 MT. However, this was up 2.3 percent over December 2012. During 2013, total beef variety meat exports were 1.4 percent less than 2012, amounting to 315,727 MT. Egypt was the largest beef variety meat export market for the US with 37.9 percent of the total, or 119,541 MT. During December, US beef exports to Japan totaled 15,534 MT, which was 9.3 percent lower than the previous month. Total beef exports to Japan during 2013 equaled 234,617 MT, 53.7 percent greater than 2012. Japan was the primary beef export market for the US during 2013 with 20.0 percent of the total exports. US beef exports to Mexico during December rose 21.3 percent over the previous month to 24,402 MT. During 2013, beef exports to Mexico equaled 216,386 MT, which was 12.1 percent higher than 2012. US total beef exports to Canada during 2013 were 3.7 percent less than 2012, amounting to 173,031 MT. Beef exports to Egypt during 2013 were little changed from 2012 with 136,883 MT. Overall, during 2013, US beef and veal and beef variety meat exports totaled 1,172,812 MT, which was 3.6 percent above 2012.

During December, US exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats equaled 188,608 MT, which was nearly unchanged from November but was 3.2 percent higher than December 2012. More specifically, fresh, chilled pork exports totaled 67,596 MT, which was up 5.6 percent over the previous month and was up 17.2 percent over December 2012. Frozen pork exports totaled 70,720 MT, which was down slightly from the previous month and was unchanged from December 2012. During December, exports of pork variety meats equaled 35,350 MT. This was 3.3 percent less than the previous month and was 9.1 percent less than December 2012. During 2013, total US pork variety meat exports were 4.2 percent more than 2012, totaling 430,930 MT. The largest pork variety meat export market was China with 156,831 MT, or 36.4 percent of the total. During December, the US exported 63,011 MT of pork to Mexico. This was 10.3 percent higher than the previous month. Total US pork exports to Mexico during 2013 were 3.9 percent more than 2012, amounting to 610,052 MT. Mexico was the leading destination for US pork with 29.0 percent of the total exports. US pork exports to Japan during December equaled 34,430 MT, which was little changed from the previous month. During 2013, the US exported 424,663 MT of pork to Japan, which was 6.7 percent less than 2012. During 2013, pork exports to China totaled 318,358 MT, which was down 6.2 percent from 2012. Overall, during 2013, US exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats equaled 2,103,724 MT, which was 5.4 percent below 2012.

During December, US beef and veal imports totaled 55,594 MT. This was down a little from the previous month but was up 1.6 percent over December 2012. More specifically, fresh, chilled beef imports equaled 21,158 MT, which was 17.3 percent lower than the previous month but was 11.5 percent higher than December 2012. Conversely, frozen beef imports were 15.8 percent higher than the previous month but were 4.5 percent lower than December 2012, equaling 31,873 MT. US beef imports from Australia during December fell 8.2 percent from November to 18,028 MT. During 2013, the US imported 207,873 MT of beef from Australia, which was 4.7 percent less than 2012. Australia was the main supplier of beef to the US with 27.6 percent of the total imports. During December, the US imported 13,368 MT of beef from Canada. This was 21.1 percent less than the previous month. Imports of beef from Canada during 2013 were down a little from 2012, totaling 182,646 MT. Beef imports from New Zealand during December rose 90.9 percent over the previous month to 10,278 MT. During 2013, the US imported 174,928 MT of beef from New Zealand, which was 6.4 percent higher than 2012. US beef imports from Mexico during 2013 were 4.3 percent greater than 2012, amounting to 93,743 MT. Overall, during 2013, US beef and veal imports totaled 752,648 MT, 1.0 percent above 2012.

US pork imports during December fell 6.5 percent over the previous month to 32,713 MT. However, this was 13.1 percent higher than December 2012. More specifically, fresh, chilled pork imports totaled 20,921 MT, which was down 11.4 percent from the previous month but was up 18.0 percent over December 2012. Frozen pork imports totaled 8,024 MT, which was up 2.1 percent over the previous month and was up 9.2 percent over December 2012. Pork imports from Canada during December fell 9.5 percent from November to 26,716 MT. During 2013, the US imported 310,264 MT of pork from Canada, which was 12.4 percent higher than 2012. Canada was the leading provider of pork to the US with 82.1 percent of the total imports. During December, pork imports from Denmark totaled 2,188 MT. This was 8.3 percent more than the previous month. Pork imports from Denmark during 2013 equaled 26,772 MT, which was down 16.4 percent from 2012. Overall, during 2013, US total pork imports were 9.5 percent higher than 2012, amounting to 377,920 MT. Additional US trade data is available on the FAS website at http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats.

Recently, USDA FAS published data for US lamb, sheep and goat meat trade. The numbers include fresh, chilled and frozen product, as well as carcasses, cuts and bone-in and boneless product. According to the numbers, during the fourth quarter of 2013, US exports of lamb and sheep meat totaled 723 MT. Although this was up 45.4 percent over the previous quarter, it was down 42.7 percent from a year ago. During the final quarter, lamb and sheep meat exports to Mexico equaled 464 MT, which was 62.5 percent higher than the previous quarter but was 56.1 percent lower than a year ago. During 2013, US lamb and sheep meat exports to Mexico equaled 1,909 MT, 39.2 percent less than 2012. Mexico was the primary lamb and sheep meat export market for the US with 62.4 percent of the total. During 2013, the US exported 383 MT of lamb and sheep meat to Canada, which was 3.5 percent greater than 2012. Overall, during 2013, US exports of lamb and sheep meat totaled 3,059 MT, which was 34.6 percent below 2012.

In the meantime, during the fourth quarter of 2013, US lamb and sheep meat imports rose 18.3 percent over the previous quarter to 17,293 MT. Also, this was up 3.8 percent over a year ago. Lamb and sheep meat imports from Australia during the final quarter equaled 12,995 MT, which was 29.5 percent higher than the previous quarter and was 8.0 percent higher than a year ago. During 2013, total lamb and sheep meat imports from Australia were up 9.8 percent over 2012, equaling 47,835 MT. Australia was the primary source of US lamb and sheep meat imports with 68.9 percent of the total. Total lamb and sheep meat imports from New Zealand during 2013 equaled 20,869 MT, which was 10.1 percent more than 2012. Overall, during 2013, US total lamb and sheep meat imports were up 10.6 percent over 2012, amounting to 69,446 MT. Meanwhile, during the final quarter of 2013, US goat meat imports equaled 3,704 MT. This was nearly unchanged from the previous quarter but was down 34.5 percent from a year ago. US goat meat imports from Australia during the fourth quarter totaled 3,639 MT. This was 3.8 percent higher than the previous quarter but was 35.0 percent lower than a year ago. Total goat meat imports from Australia during 2013 equaled 15,502 MT, which was slightly higher than 2012. Australia was the leading supplier of goat meat to the US with 97.4 percent of the total imports. Overall, US total goat meat imports during 2013 equaled 15,921 MT, a little more than 2012.

North America

On January 31, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) published its Cattle report. According to the data, the number of cattle and calves in the US on January 1, 2014 equaled 87.73 million head. This was 1.8 percent less than a year ago and the lowest January 1 inventory since 1951. Cows and heifers that have calved equaled 38.25 million head, which was down slightly from a year ago. This is the lowest January 1 inventory of cows and heifers that have calved since 1941. Of the total cows and heifers, the number of beef cows totaled 29.04 million head, which was nearly 1.0 percent less than a year ago. Heifers weighing more than 500 pounds equaled 18.75 million head. This was 2.0 percent lower than the last year. More specifically, the number of heifers for beef cow replacements was up 1.7 percent over last year, totaling 5.47 million head. The number of steers weighing more than 500 pounds equaled 15.42 million head, 2.5 percent less than a year ago. The inventory of calves weighing less than 500 pounds was down 3.7 percent from last year, amounting to 13.28 million head. The number of cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots on January 1 equaled 12.70 million head, which was 5.0 percent lower than a year ago. During 2013, the calf crop totaled 33.93 million head, 1.0 percent less than 2012. This is the smallest calf crop since 1949. The state with the largest concentration of cattle was Texas with 12.4 percent of the total inventory, or 10.90 million head. This was 3.5 percent less than a year ago. To obtain the entire report, visit the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Also, on January 31, USDA NASS released its Sheep and Goats report. According to the numbers, the sheep and lamb inventory in the US on January 1, 2014 totaled 5.21 million head. This was down 2.3 percent from last year. The number of breeding sheep declined 2.4 percent from 2013 to 3.88 million head. Replacement lambs under one year of age equaled 635,000 head, 3.8 percent less than a year ago. The number of ewes, one year and older, fell 2.2 percent from last year to 3.07 million head. Market sheep and lambs totaled 1.33 million head, 2.2 percent less than 2013. Market lambs weighing less than 65 pounds equaled 334,000 head, which was 4.4 percent more than a year ago. Market lambs weighing 65 to 84 pounds totaled 147,000 head, which was 8.1 percent lower than last year. Market lambs weighing 85 to 105 pounds were up 3.6 percent over a year ago, amounting to 316,000 head. Market lambs weighing more than 105 pounds equaled 453,000 head, 9.4 percent lower than a year ago. During 2013, the US lamb crop equaled 3.37 million head, which was down 2.3 percent from 2012. Texas had the largest concentration of sheep with 740,000 head, which was 5.7 percent more than a year ago. This accounted for 14.2 percent of the total US inventory. Shorn wool production in the US during 2013 equaled 27.00 million pounds, which was 1.5 percent lower than 2012. The price per pound for wool was $1.45, down from $1.52 in 2012. In the meantime, on January 1, 2014, the US total goat inventory equaled 2.76 million head. This was down 1.8 percent from 2013. The breeding goat inventory was 2.6 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 2.26 million head. During 2013, the US kid crop equaled 1.74 million head, 2.7 percent lower than 2012. To view the complete report, go to the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Oceania

Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) recently published Australia’s red meat export data for January 2014. According to the numbers, during January, Australia’s beef and veal exports totaled 69,511 MT, which was down 27.9 percent from the previous month but was up 26.0 percent over January 2013. More specifically, exports of frozen beef equaled 53,159 MT, which accounted for 76.5 percent of the total. Exports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 16,352 MT. During January, Australia exported 15,486 MT of beef to Japan, which was 32.3 percent lower than the previous month and was 8.7 percent lower than January 2013. Also, this was the lowest single month volume since March 2002. Beef exports to Japan comprised 22.3 percent of the total. Australia’s beef exports to the US were 21.9 percent less than the previous month, totaling 13,832 MT. However, this was 15.8 percent more than January 2013. Beef exports to the US during January accounted for 19.9 percent of the total. During January, Australia exported 10,214 MT of beef to South Korea. This was 37.0 percent lower than the previous month but was 31.1 percent higher than January 2013.

During January, Australia exported 16,828 MT of lamb. Although this was down 16.7 percent from the previous month, it was up 10.6 percent over January 2013. Australia’s lamb exports to the Middle East during January equaled 4,643 MT. This was 3.9 percent lower than the previous month but was 1.7 percent higher than January 2013. The Middle East was Australia’s largest lamb export market with 27.6 percent of the total. Lamb exports to the US during January fell 6.1 percent from the previous month to 3,428 MT. This was 2.4 percent more than January 2013. The US accounted for 20.4 percent of the total exports. During January, Australia’s lamb exports to China totaled 2,821 MT, which was down 22.3 percent from the previous month but was up 4.7 percent over January 2013. Meanwhile, during January, Australia’s mutton exports equaled 16,354 MT. This was 11.9 percent less than the previous month but was 27.5 percent more than January 2013. Australia’s mutton exports to China during January fell 34.9 percent from the previous month to 4,842 MT. However, this was up 22.1 percent over January 2013. China was Australia’s primary market for mutton exports with 29.6 percent of the total. Mutton exports to the Middle East during January totaled 4,341 MT, which was up 25.9 percent over the previous month but was down 1.2 percent from January 2013. The Middle East was the second largest market with 26.5 percent of Australia’s mutton exports. During January, Australia exported 972 MT of mutton to the US This was 58.3 percent higher than the previous month and was 38.5 percent higher than January 2013. Further data concerning Australia’s red meat exports can be found on the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

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