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USDA International Meat Review


08 November 2013

USDA International Meat Review - 7 November 2013USDA International Meat Review - 7 November 2013


USDA International Meat Review

Trade Highlights

Recently, the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) published US red meat export and import statistics for August 2013. According to the data, US exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meats during August totaled 105,548 MT. This was 11.2 percent lower than the previous month but was 5.3 percent higher than August 2012. More specifically, exports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 37,213 MT, which was 10.1 percent less than the previous month but was 16.8 percent more than August 2012. Exports of frozen beef equaled 38,636 MT, which was 10.8 percent less than the previous month and was nearly 1.0 percent less than August 2012. US beef variety meat exports during August totaled 25,870 MT, which was down 15.2 percent from the previous month and was down 1.1 percent from August 2012. Total year-to-date beef variety meat exports were 4.0 percent below a year ago, amounting to 207,020 MT. During August, the US exported 24,008 MT of beef to Japan. This was down 14.3 percent from the previous month. Year-to-date beef exports to Japan totaled 166,886 MT, 53.5 percent greater than last year. Japan was the largest beef export market for the US with 21.8 percent of the total. Beef exports to Mexico during August fell 5.2 percent from July to 20,207 MT. Total year-to-date beef exports to Mexico were 6.6 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 130,897 MT. During August, the US exported 15,354 MT of beef to Canada, which was 15.8 percent lower than the previous month. Year-to-date beef exports to Canada were 7.9 percent higher than a year ago, amounting to 119,898 MT. Overall, US total year-todate beef and veal and beef variety meat exports equaled 767,028 MT, which was 1.2 percent more than the same period a year ago.

US exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats during August totaled 170,966 MT, which was down 2.7 percent from the previous month and was down slightly from August 2012. More specifically, fresh, chilled pork exports totaled 58,074 MT, which was down 4.5 percent from the previous month and was down 1.0 percent from August 2012. Frozen pork exports totaled 61,978 MT, which was up 1.6 percent over the previous month but was down 9.9 percent from August 2012. US pork variety meat exports during August fell 10.4 percent from the previous month to 35,523 MT. However, this was 18.8 percent higher than August 2012. Year-to-date pork variety meat exports totaled 288,838 MT, which was 12.0 percent above a year ago. US pork exports to Mexico during August fell 9.5 percent from the previous month to 49,003 MT. Total yearto- date pork exports to Mexico were 1.1 percent greater than last year, amounting to 386,805 MT. Mexico was the main US pork export market with 28.1 percent of the total. During August, the US exported 34,066 MT of pork to Japan, which was 6.1 percent less than the previous month. Year-to-date pork exports to Japan totaled 284,868 MT, 7.3 percent less than a year ago. Pork exports to China during August totaled 30,004 MT, which was 7.3 percent higher than the previous month. Year-to-date pork exports to China were 3.7 percent lower than last year, amounting to 214,641 MT. Overall, US total year-to-date exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats equaled 1,378,815 MT, 4.9 percent less than the corresponding period a year ago.

US beef and veal imports during August totaled 55,787 MT. This was 13.1 percent lower than July and was 8.9 percent lower than August 2012. Specifically, fresh, chilled beef imports equaled 24,164 MT, which was a little lower than the previous month and was 1.4 percent lower than August 2012. Frozen beef imports equaled 28,452 MT, which was 22.5 percent lower than the previous month and was 17.5 percent lower than August 2012. During August the US imported 11,384 MT of beef from New Zealand, which was down 30.8 percent from the previous month. Total year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand equaled 145,067 MT, 7.1 percent greater than a year ago. New Zealand was the largest provider of beef to the US with 27.5 percent of the total imports. Imports of beef from Australia during August fell 19.6 percent from the previous month to 15,270 MT. Year-todate beef imports from Australia were 11.4 percent less than last year, amounting to 133,852 MT. During August, the US imported 14,497 MT of beef from Canada. This was 8.6 percent higher than the previous month. Year-to-date beef imports from Canada totaled 119,631 MT, which was 15.8 percent lower than last year. Overall, US total year-to-date beef and veal imports equaled 528,157 MT, which was 3.0 percent below the corresponding period a year ago.

During August, the US imported 32,396 MT of pork. This was down 1.4 percent from the previous month but was up 8.6 percent over August 2012. Imports of fresh, chilled pork equaled 21,214 MT, which was 2.7 percent higher than the previous month and was 8.2 percent higher than August 2012. Imports of frozen pork equaled 7,483 MT, which was 10.4 percent lower than the previous month but was 21.9 percent higher than August 2012. Pork imports from Canada during August rose 1.2 percent over July to 26,635 MT. Total year-todate pork imports from Canada were 8.6 percent higher than last year, amounting to 199,970 MT. Canada was the main supplier of pork to the US with 81.8 percent of the total imports. During August, the US imported 1,880 MT of pork from Denmark, which was down 32.4 percent from the previous month. Year-to-date pork imports from Denmark equaled 18,150 MT, 18.9 percent less than a year ago. Overall, US total year-to-date pork imports equaled 244,413 MT, which was 5.8 percent more than the corresponding period a year ago. Additional US trade data can be found on the FAS website http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

North America

According to recent data from the USDA Livestock, Poultry and Grain Market News (LPGMN), through October 12, 2013, the US imported 634,152 head of feeder cattle from Mexico. This was 42.5 percent less than the same period in 2012 and was 34.1 percent less than the same period in 2011 as forage conditions have improved in Mexico following several years of drought. In the meantime, according to data from the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), as reported by USDA LPGMN, through October 12, 2013, US imports of feeder cattle from Canada totaled 225,277 head. This was 98.4 percent greater than 2012. On the other hand, imports of slaughter steers and heifers decreased 7.4 percent from a year ago to 285,792 head. Slaughter cow and bull imports totaled 275,617 head, which was 69.2 percent higher than last year. During the same time frame, the US imported 3,283,920 head of feeder pigs from Canada. This was 12.0 percent below a year ago. Slaughter hog imports were 5.4 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 661,645 head. The weekly reports are available on the AMS website at http://www.ams.usda.gov/LSMarketNews.

On October 31, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released its Livestock Slaughter report. According to the numbers, during the third quarter of 2013, US cattle slaughter totaled 8.20 million head. This was little changed from the previous quarter and from a year ago. Beef production during the third quarter increased 1.4 percent over the previous quarter to 6.53 billion pounds. Also, this was slightly higher than a year ago. The average live weight for cattle at the end of September equaled 1,316 pounds, which was two pounds heavier than a year ago. During the first three quarters of 2013, US total cattle slaughter was down 1.0 percent from last year, amounting to 24.05 million head. Yearto- date beef production totaled 19.05 billion pounds, slightly less than a year ago. In the meantime, during the third quarter of 2013, US hog slaughter totaled 27.43 million head. Although this was 3.2 percent more than the previous month, it was 1.1 percent less than a year ago. US pork production during the third quarter rose 1.8 percent over the previous quarter to 5.58 billion pounds. However, this was a little less than a year ago. At the end of September, the average live hog weight equaled 273 pounds, two pounds more than last year. Year-to-date US hog slaughter totaled 81.66 million head, a little lower than a year ago. Year-to-date pork production was slightly less than last year, totaling 16.80 billion pounds. Meanwhile, during the third quarter, US sheep and lamb slaughter totaled 594.6 thousand head. This was 3.5 percent greater than the previous quarter and was 7.6 percent greater than a year ago. Third quarter US lamb and mutton production equaled 36.7 million pounds. This was 3.2 percent lower than the previous quarter and was nearly 1.0 percent lower than a year ago. Total sheep and lamb slaughter during the first three quarters of the year equaled 1.58 million head, which was 6.4 percent greater than a year ago. Lamb and mutton production for the year-to-date was a little less than a year ago, amounting to 110.3 million pounds. US goat slaughter during the third quarter totaled 145.6 thousand head. Although this was up 14.3 percent over the previous quarter, it was down 3.4 percent from a year ago. Total year-to-date goat slaughter equaled 391.6 thousand head, which was 5.1 percent less than a year ago. To view the entire report, go to the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

On October 31, USDA NASS released its monthly Cold Storage report. According to the data, beef in US cold storage on September 30, 2013 equaled 445.0 million pounds. This was up 4.7 percent over a year ago and was up 1.7 percent over the five year average. Meanwhile, US pork in cold storage as of September 30 totaled 566.4 million pounds. This was 10.2 percent less than a year ago but was 8.5 percent more than the five year average. The complete report can be found on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

On October 31, USDA NASS published its monthly Cattle on Feed report. According to the numbers, on October 1, 2013, cattle and calves on feed for the US slaughter market for feedlots with a capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 10.14 million head. This was 7.7 percent lower than one year ago and was 10.1 percent lower than two years ago. During September, the number of cattle placed on feed equaled 2.03 million head, which was 1.0 percent more than one year ago but was 18.0 percent less than two years ago. Steers and steer calves placed on feed totaled 6.44 million head, which was 7.4 percent lower than a year ago. This accounted for 63.5 percent of the total placements. Heifers and heifer calves placed on feed totaled 3.66 million head, which was 7.7 percent less than a year ago. More specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds totaled 475,000 head, which was 7.8 percent less than a year ago. Placements weighing 600 to 699 pounds were down 5.6 percent from last year, totaling 335,000 head. Placements of feeder cattle weighing 700 to 799 pounds totaled 480,000 head, 8.1 percent higher than a year ago. Placements weighing more than 800 pounds were 6.5 percent more than last year, amounting to 735,000 head. Meanwhile, during September, fed cattle marketings totaled 1.70 million head, which was up 6.1 percent over one year ago but was down 6.5 percent from two years ago. The complete report can be found on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Oceania

Recently, Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) published Australia’s red meat export data for October 2013. According to the numbers, during October, Australia exported 104,074 MT of beef and veal, which was up 9.6 percent over the previous month and was up 10.5 percent over October 2012. Specifically, frozen beef exports totaled 82,042 MT, which comprised 78.8 percent of the total. Fresh, chilled beef exports totaled 22,032 MT. Australia's beef exports to Japan during October fell 1.2 percent from September to 21,509 MT. Also, this was down 12.3 percent from October 2012. Year-to-date beef exports to Japan were 6.5 percent less than a year ago, totaling 240,907 MT. Japan was the main beef export market for Australia with 26.7 percent of the total. During October, beef exports to the US totaled 21,481 MT, which was 9.8 percent higher than the previous month and was 12.3 percent higher than October 2012. Total year-to-date beef exports to the US equaled 177,332 MT, 6.2 percent less than last year. Australia’s beef exports to China during October totaled a record 16,710 MT. This was 15.1 percent more than the previous month and was 122.1 percent more than October 2012. Year-to-date beef exports to China were more than seven times the volume from a year ago, totaling 124,909 MT. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date beef and veal exports equaled 903,333 MT, which was 14.7 percent above the corresponding period a year ago.

During October, Australia exported a record 20,825 MT of lamb, which was 21.7 percent more than the previous month and was 12.1 percent more than October 2012. Australia’s lamb exports to the Middle East during October rose 10.7 percent over September to 5,113 MT. However, this was down 3.9 percent from October 2012. Year-to-date lamb exports to the Middle East totaled 49,795 MT, 19.1 percent above a year ago. The Middle East was Australia’s primary lamb export market with 28.7 percent of the total. Lamb exports to the US during October totaled 4,206 MT, which was 31.9 percent higher than the previous month and was 19.4 percent higher than October 2012. Additionally, this was highest single month volume since February 2009. Total year-to-date lamb exports to the US were 6.3 percent more than last year, amounting to 32,172 MT. During October, Australia exported a record 4,030 MT of lamb to China. This was up 20.2 percent over the previous month and was up 49.6 percent over October 2012. Year-to-date lamb exports to China reached 31,929 MT, 36.8 percent greater than a year ago. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date lamb exports equaled 173,717 MT, which was 13.2 percent more than the same period a year ago. Meanwhile, during October, Australia exported 18,006 MT of mutton, which was up 39.4 percent over September and was up 44.5 percent over October 2012. Also, this was the largest single month volume since November 2006. Australia’s mutton exports to the China during October rose 30.4 percent over the previous month and 141.0 percent over October 2012 to a record 6,962 MT. Total year-to-date mutton exports to China were 389.3 percent greater than last year, amounting to 43,374 MT. China was Australia’s main mutton export market with 31.8 percent of the total. Mutton exports to the Middle East during October totaled 2,593 MT. Although this was 68.4 percent more than the previous month, it was 39.9 percent less than October 2012. Year-to-date mutton exports to the Middle East were 6.5 percent less than a year ago, totaling 34,502 MT. During October, Australia exported 712 MT of mutton to the US This was down 9.2 percent from the previous month and was down 33.5 percent from October 2012. Year-to-date mutton exports to the US totaled 7,576 MT, 19.4 percent more than a year ago. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date mutton exports equaled 136,309 MT, 72.0 percent above the corresponding period a year ago. Additional data on Australia’s exports can be found on the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

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