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USDA International Meat Review


13 September 2013

USDA International Meat Review - 12 September 2013USDA International Meat Review - 12 September 2013


USDA International Meat Review

The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) recently issued July 2013 U.S. red meat export and import data.
According to the numbers, during July, U.S. exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meats equaled 118,914 MT. This was 16.9 percent higher than the previous month and was 10.2 percent higher than July 2012. 

Specifically, fresh, chilled beef exports equaled 41,378 MT, which was up 10.1 percent over the previous month and was up 18.9 percent over July 2012. Likewise, frozen beef exports were up 17.7 percent over the previous month and were up 12.8 percent over July 2012, equaling 43,337 MT. During July, U.S. beef variety meat exports rose 27.2 percent over June to 30,501 MT. However, this was 3.9 percent lower than July 2012. Total year-to-date beef variety meat exports were 4.4 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 181,150 MT. U.S. beef exports to Japan during July rose 4.5 percent over the previous month to 28,001 MT. Year-to-date beef exports to Japan totaled 142,877 MT, which was 56.8 percent greater than a year ago. Japan was the main beef export market for the U.S. with 21.6 percent of the total. During July, the U.S. exported 21,310 MT of beef to Mexico. This was 21.9 percent more than June. Year-to-date beef exports to Mexico equaled 110,689 MT, 9.3 percent less than last year.

Beef exports to Canada during July rose 8.2 percent over the previous month to 18,232 MT. Total year-to-date beef exports to Canada equaled 104,543 MT, 7.8 percent higher than last year. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date beef and veal and beef variety meat exports equaled 661,479 MT, which was a little higher than the same period a year ago.

During July, the U.S. exported 175,653 MT of pork cuts and pork variety meats. This was 5.7 percent higher than the previous month and was 8.3 percent higher than July 2012. More specifically, exports of fresh, chilled pork equaled 60,808 MT, which was up 13.1 percent over the previous month and was up 14.3 percent over July 2012. 

Conversely, exports of frozen pork were down 5.2 percent from the previous month and were down 11.2 percent from July 2012, equaling 60,995 MT. U.S. pork variety meat exports during July totaled 39,634 MT. This was 19.7 percent more than June and was 42.2 percent more than July 2012. Total year-to-date pork variety meat exports were 11.1 percent above a year ago, amounting to 253,314 MT. During July, the U.S. exported 54,133 MT of pork to Mexico. This was up 16.1 percent over the previous month. Year-to-date pork exports to Mexico totaled 337,802 MT, which was 1.6 percent higher than a year ago. Mexico was the main pork export market for the U.S. with 28.0 percent of the total. During July, U.S. pork exports to Japan rose 5.9 percent over June to 36,269 MT.

Total year-to-date pork exports to Japan were 6.3 percent less than last year, amounting to 250,803 MT. Pork exports to China during July equaled 27,960 MT, which was up 2.5 percent over the previous month. Year-to-date pork exports to China totaled 184,637 MT, 6.6 percent below last year. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats equaled 1,207,850 MT, which was 5.5 percent lower than the corresponding period a year ago.

During July, U.S. beef and veal imports totaled 64,186 MT, which was a little lower than the previous month and was a little lower than July 2012. More specifically, imports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 24,286 MT, which was down slightly from the previous month but was up 3.8 percent over July 2012.

Imports of frozen beef totaled 36,735 MT, which was down slightly from the previous month and was down 4.5 percent from July 2012. Beef imports from New Zealand during July equaled 16,442 MT, which was 2.1 percent less than the previous month. Year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand reached 133,683 MT, 8.7 percent greater than last year. New Zealand was the leading provider of beef to the U.S. with 28.3 percent of the total imports. During July, the U.S. imported 18,986 MT of beef from Australia. This was 5.2 percent more than the previous month. Total year-to-date beef imports from Australia were 10.5 percent lower than last
year, amounting to 118,582 MT. Beef imports from Canada during July fell 6.9 percent from June to 13,353 MT. 

Year-to-date beef imports from Canada equaled 105,135 MT, 16.9 percent lower than last year. During July, the U.S. imported 8,001 MT of beef from Mexico. This was 2.0 percent higher than the previous month. Year-to-date beef imports from Mexico were 16.2 percent more than last year, totaling 57,673 MT. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date beef and veal imports equaled 472,371 MT, 2.3 percent below the same period a year ago.

U.S. pork imports during July equaled 32,872 MT, which was 12.6 percent higher than the previous month and was 10.4 percent higher than July 2012. Fresh, chilled pork imports totaled 20,647 MT, which was up 10.3 percent over the previous month and was up 11.1 percent over July 2012.

Frozen pork imports totaled 8,351 MT, which was up 20.7 percent over the previous month and was up 12.7 percent over July 2012. During July, the U.S. imported 26,332 MT of pork from Canada. This was 8.6 percent higher than the previous month. Total year-to-date pork imports from Canada were 8.5 percent higher than a year ago, amounting to 173,335 MT. Canada remained the largest supplier of pork to the U.S. with 81.8 percent of the total imports. Pork imports from Denmark during July totaled 2,780 MT, which was 36.0 percent greater than the previous month. Year-to-date pork imports from Denmark totaled 16,269 MT, 19.1
percent less than last year. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date pork imports were 5.4 percent more than the same period a year ago, amounting to 212,017 MT. Additional U.S. trade data is available on the FAS website http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

USDA FAS recently published Livestock and Products Annual 2013 for several countries including Australia, Canada, the EU-27, New Zealand, Russia, the Ukraine and Uruguay. The reports include summaries, outlooks, slaughter data, livestock inventories, trade situation updates, consumption data, marketing and price analysis and current statistics on production and supply. Each report is available on the FAS Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) at http://gain.fas.usda.gov/.

North America

On August 29, the USDA Economic Research Service (ERS) and USDA FAS published the quarterly Outlook for U.S. Agricultural Trade. According to the report, during the fiscal year (FY) 2014, U.S. agricultural exports are forecast at $135.0 billion, down from $140.0 in 2013. Exports of livestock products in 2014 are predicted to total $19.0 billion, up 1.1 percent over 2013. Beef and veal exports during 2014 are expected to equal 800,000 MT, valued at $4.9 billion.

The 2013 estimate is 800,000 MT, valued at $5.1 billion. During 2014, pork exports are forecast at 1.7 MMT, with a value of $5.1 billion. The 2013 estimate is 1.7 MMT, valued at $5.1 billion. Beef and pork variety meat exports during 2014 are expected to total 700,000 MT, unchanged from 2013. The value of variety meat exports in 2014 is forecast at $1.5 billion, also unchanged from 2013. During FY 2014, U.S. agricultural imports are predicted to total $113.0 billion, up from $105.0 billion in 2013. During 2014, the U.S. is expected to import $11.2 billion of livestock and meat. This is 7.9 percent more than 2013. Imports of cattle and calves during 2014 are expected to total 2.0 million head, with a value of $1.8 billion. This is unchanged from 2013. During 2014, swine imports are forecast to total 5.2 million head and are estimated to value $300 million. Swine imports during 2013 are predicted to equal 5.3 million head, with a value of $300 million. U.S. imports of fresh beef and veal during FY 2014 are forecast at 900,000 MT, compared to 800,000 MT in 2013. The value of beef and veal imports during 2014 is expected to total $4.6 billion, up from $3.8 billion in 2013. U.S. imports of fresh pork during 2014 are forecast at 400,000 MT, unchanged from 2013. The value of pork imports is projected at $1.3 billion, unchanged from 2013. To view the entire report, visit the ERS website at http://www.ers.usda.gov/.

Pacific Rim

The Korea International Trade Association (KITA) published South Korea’s beef and pork import data for July 2013. According to the numbers, during July, South Korea imported 20,666 MT of beef. Although this was 12.6 percent higher than June, it was 3.6 percent lower than July 2012. More specifically, imports of frozen beef equaled 17,672 MT, which comprised 85.5 percent of the total.

Imports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 2,994 MT. Beef imports from Australia during July rose 11.2 percent over the previous month and 2.8 percent over July 2012 to 11,309 MT. Total year-to-date beef imports from Australia were 8.8 percent above last year, amounting to 79,344 MT. Australia was the leading provider of beef to South Korea with 53.6 percent of the total imports. During July, South Korea imported 6,983 MT of beef from the U.S. Although this was up 13.3 percent over the previous month, it was down 11.1 percent
from July 2012. Total year-to-date beef imports from the U.S. equaled 50,865 MT, 7.5 percent less than last year. Beef imports from New Zealand during July rose 22.2 percent over the previous month to 2,113 MT. However, this was down 7.0 percent from July 2012. Year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand were slightly lower than last year, amounting to 16,021 MT. Overall, South Korea’s total year-to-date beef imports equaled 147,969 MT, which was a little more than the same period a year ago. In the meantime, during July, South Korea imported 25,379 MT of pork. Although this was up 10.9 percent over the previous month, it was down 12.5 percent from July 2012. South Korea’s pork imports from the U.S. during July fell 22.1 percent from June to 8,222 MT. Also, this was 18.6 percent lower than July 2012. Year-to-date pork imports from the U.S. totaled 71,632 MT, which was 12.7 percent below a year ago. The U.S. was South Korea’s main source for pork imports with 39.0 percent of the total. Pork imports from Canada during July equaled 2,937 MT. This was slightly less than the previous month and was 40.3 percent less than July 2012. Total year-todate pork imports from Canada were 33.7 percent below last year, amounting to 24,245 MT. During July, South 
Korea imported 2,559 MT of pork from Chile, which was 10.5 percent higher than the previous month but was 21.0 percent lower than July 2012. Year-to-date pork imports from Chile totaled 19,347 MT, 11.8 percent less than last year. Overall, South Korea’s total year-to-date pork imports equaled 183,675 MT, which was 26.1 percent below the same period a year ago. Additional data on South Korea’s red meat trade is available on the KITA website at http://www.kita.org/.

Oceania

Recently, Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) published Australia’s red meat export numbers for August 2012. During August, Australia exported 98,401 MT of beef and veal, which was down 7.3 percent from July but was up 21.1 percent over August 2012. This was the third highest volume
on record. More specifically, exports of frozen beef totaled 76,173 MT, which accounted for 77.4 percent of the total exports. Exports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 22,228 MT. During August, Australia’s beef exports to Japan equaled 24,761 MT. This was 21.9 percent less than the previous month and was 13.0 percent less
than August 2012. Year-to-date beef exports to Japan were 6.0 percent lower than last year, amounting to 197,632 MT. Japan was Australia’s largest beef export market with 28.1 percent of the total. Australia’s beef exports to the U.S. during August rose 2.2 percent over the previous month and 7.6 percent over August 2012 to 18,047 MT. Total year-to-date beef exports to the U.S. equaled 136,291 MT, which was 10.3
percent below a year ago. During August, Australia exported a record 16,192 MT of beef to China. This was up 7.5 percent over the previous month and was more than 10 times the volume of August 2012. Year-to-date beef exports to China totaled 93,678 MT, more than 16 times the volume from a year ago. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date beef and veal exports equaled 704,336 MT, which was 14.8 percent greater than the same period a year ago.

During August, Australia exported 16,286 MT of lamb. Although this was 13.1 percent less than the previous month, it was 1.9 percent more than August 2012. This was the highest August volume on record. Lamb exports to the Middle East during August fell 2.7 percent from July to 5,388 MT. However, this was 8.8 percent higher than August 2012. Year-to-date lamb exports to the Middle East totaled 40,061 MT, which was 24.2 percent greater than a year ago. The Middle East was the main lamb export market for Australia with 29.5 percent of the total. Australia’s lamb exports to the U.S. during August equaled 2,341 MT. This was down 25.0 percent from the previous month and was down 12.7 percent from August 2012. Total year-to-date lamb exports to the U.S. were 2.8 percent higher than last year, amounting to 24,776 MT. During August, Australia exported 3,181 MT of lamb to China, which was 9.1 percent less than the previous month but was 23.7 percent more than August 2012. Year-to-date lamb exports to China reached 24,545 MT, 32.3 percent greater than a year ago. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date lamb exports equaled 135,778 MT, which was 12.4 percent above the same period a year ago. Meanwhile, during August, Australia exported
12,308 MT of mutton. This was up 9.8 percent over the previous month and was up 76.8 percent over August 2012. During August, Australia exported 4,460 MT of mutton to China. This was 15.2 percent more than the previous month and was 840.9 percent more than August 2012. Yearto-date mutton exports to China totaled 31,073 MT, which was more than seven times the volume over a year ago.

China overtook the Middle East as the primary mutton export market for Australia with 29.5 percent of the total exports. During August, Australia’s mutton exports to the Middle East rose 11.6 percent over July to 2,831 MT. However, this was down 18.6 percent from August 2012. Year-to-date mutton exports to the Middle East were 3.7 percent greater than last year, amounting to 30,370 MT. Mutton exports to the U.S. during August rose 4.4 percent over the previous month to 568 MT. However, this was 39.6 percent less than August 2012. Total year-to-date mutton exports to the U.S. equaled 6,079 MT, 44.3 percent higher than a year ago. Overall, Australia’s total year-todate mutton exports equaled 105,382 MT, which was 82.3 percent above the same period a year ago. To obtain additional red meat data for Australia, visit the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

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