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USDA International Meat Review


30 August 2013

USDA International Meat Review - 29 August 2013USDA International Meat Review - 29 August 2013


USDA International Meat Review

Trade Highlights

The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) recently published Livestock and Products Annual 2013 for Brazil, Japan and Mexico. The reports include summaries, outlooks, slaughter data, livestock inventories, trade situation updates, consumption statistics, marketing and price analysis and current data on production and supply. Each report is available on the FAS Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) at http://gain.fas.usda.gov/.

North America

Recently, Statistics Canada published Canada’s Livestock Estimates, July 1, 2013. According to the numbers, on July 1, 2013, Canada’s cattle inventory equaled 13.54 million head. This was slightly higher than one year ago. This was the first year-over-year increase since 2005. The majority of Canada’s cattle herd was located in the province of Alberta with 5.59 million head, or 41.2 percent of the total inventory. Alberta’s cattle inventory was 2.2 percent more than a year ago. Combined the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan contained 8.48 million head of cattle, which was 62.6 percent of Canada’s total cattle inventory. This was 1.3 percent higher than last year. The number of beef cows totaled 3.94 million head, which was down a little from a year ago, continuing a downward trend that started in July 2006. Beef replacement heifers increased slightly over a year ago to 673,900 head. The 2013 calf crop totaled 4.38 million head, which was down 1.3 percent from a year ago. As of July 1, farms with cattle and calves numbered 82,760. This was down 1.8 percent from one year ago and was down 3.9 percent from two years ago. During the first half of 2013, Canada’s cattle slaughter totaled 1.27 million head, which was 10.3 percent lower than one year ago and was 11.3 percent lower than two years ago.

Canada’s hog and pig inventory on July 1, 2013 equaled 12.91 million head. This was up 1.9 percent over the previous report and was up slightly over a year ago. The province with the greatest hog and pig inventory was Quebec with 4.12 million head, or 31.9 percent of the total. Quebec’s inventory was nearly unchanged from a year ago. Canada’s breeding inventory totaled 1.22 million head. This was up a little over the previous report but was unchanged from a year ago. On July 1, Canada’s pig inventory equaled 11.70 million head. This was 2.1 percent higher than the previous report and was a little higher than a year ago. The number of sows farrowed during the first half of 2013 totaled 1.35 million head, which was down 4.7 percent from a year ago. Pigs born during the first half numbered 15.20 million head, 2.7 percent lower than a year ago. On July 1, 2013, there were 7,100 hog farms in Canada, which was 1.4 percent less than a year ago. Canada’s hog slaughter during the first half of 2013 equaled 9.92 million head, 1.2 percent lower than one year ago and 1.0 percent lower than two years ago.

As of July 1, 2013, Canada’s total sheep and lamb herd equaled 1.13 million head. This was down slightly from one year ago and was down slightly from two years ago. The largest concentration of Canada’s sheep herd was in the province of Ontario with 355,000 head, or 31.3 percent of the total. This was 1.1 percent less than a year ago. The province with the second greatest number of sheep was Quebec with 268,000 head, or 23.6 percent. The number of sheep one year of age or older equaled 595,800 head, which was down nearly 1.0 percent from one year ago and was down 1.6 percent from two years ago. The number of lambs under one year of age totaled 538,800 head. This was up a little over one year ago and was up 1.1 percent over two years ago. During the first half of 2013, Canada’s sheep slaughter totaled 82,990 head, which was 7.2 percent more than one year ago and was 7.2 percent more than two years ago. To obtain all the complete Canada livestock inventory reports, go to the Statistics Canada website at http://www.statcan.gc.ca/.

On August 22, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released its semi-annual report, U.S. and Canadian Hogs. According to the data, the total hog and pig inventory for the U.S. and Canada equaled 79.56 million head. This was up slightly over one year ago and was up 2.0 percent over two years ago. The number of hogs kept for breeding totaled 7.10 million head. This was a little higher than one year ago and was 1.3 percent higher than two years ago. Market hogs equaled 72.46 million head, which was slightly more than one year ago and was 2.1 percent more than two years ago. The number of sows farrowed totaled 7.08 million head, which was down 1.3 percent from one year ago and was down a little from two years ago. The combined pig crop of both countries totaled 73.08 million head, which was up a little over one year ago and was up 2.6 percent over two years ago. To obtain the entire report, which is a joint effort between NASS and Statistics Canada, visit the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

USDA FAS recently published statistics for U.S. lamb, sheep and goat meat trade. The data includes fresh, chilled and frozen product, as well as carcasses, cuts and bone-in and boneless product. According to the numbers, during the second quarter of 2013, U.S. exports of lamb and sheep meat totaled 865 MT. This was 11.2 percent less than the previous quarter but was 11.0 percent more than a year ago. Lamb and sheep meat exports to Mexico during the second quarter fell 39.4 percent from the previous quarter to 437 MT. Also, this was down 16.0 percent from a year ago. During the first half of 2013, U.S. lamb and sheep meat exports to Mexico totaled 1,159 MT, which was slightly lower than a year ago. Mexico was the leading lamb and sheep meat export market for the U.S. with 63.0 percent of the total. During the second quarter, the U.S. exported 111 MT of lamb and sheep meat to Canada. This was 37.8 percent more than the previous quarter and was 13.5 percent more than a year ago. Total year-to-date lamb and sheep meat exports to Canada were 29.1 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 191 MT. Overall, during the first half of 2013, U.S. lamb and sheep meat exports totaled 1,839 MT, which was down 18.7 percent from the same period a year ago. In the meantime, during the second quarter of the year, the U.S. imported 17,830 MT of lamb and sheep meat. This was 9.5 percent lower than the previous quarter but was 20.1 percent higher than a year ago. Lamb and sheep meat imports from Australia during the second quarter fell 11.9 percent from the previous quarter to 11,618 MT. However, this was 19.9 percent more than a year ago. During the first half of the year, the U.S. imported 24,810 MT of lamb and sheep meat from Australia, which was 23.0 percent greater than last year. Australia was the main supplier of lamb and sheep meat to the U.S. with 66.1 percent of the total imports. Lamb and sheep meat imports from New Zealand during the second quarter equaled 6,099 MT. Although this was down 6.1 percent from the previous quarter, it was up 18.9 percent over a year ago. Total year-to-date lamb and sheep meat imports from New Zealand equaled 12,593 MT, 21.6 percent above a year ago. Overall, U.S. total lamb and sheep meat imports during the first half of 2013 equaled 37,533 MT, 22.6 percent more than the corresponding period a year ago. Meanwhile, during the second quarter of 2013, the U.S. imported 4,210 MT of goat meat. This was 2.1 percent less than the previous quarter but was 66.0 percent more than a year ago. Goat meat imports from Australia during the second quarter equaled 4,098 MT. This was down 3.8 percent from the previous quarter but was up 65.8 percent over a year ago. First half goat meat imports from Australia were 63.0 percent above last year, amounting to 8,359 MT. Australia was the primary source of U.S. goat meat imports with 99.4 percent of the total. Overall, U.S. total goat meat imports during the first half of 2013 equaled 8,410 MT, which was 61.7 percent more than the same period a year ago. Further data can be found on the FAS website http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

On August 23, USDA NASS published its monthly Cattle on Feed report. According to the numbers, cattle and calves on feed for the U.S. slaughter market for feedlots with a capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 10.03 million head on August 1, 2013. This was 5.9 percent lower than one year ago and was 5.2 percent lower than two years ago. The number of cattle placed on feed during July fell 10.4 percent from one year ago and fell 19.3 percent from two years ago to 1.72 million head. More specifically, placements of feeder cattle declined in each weight category from a year ago. Placements of weighing less than 600 pounds totaled 390,000 head, which was 22.0 percent less than a year ago. Placements of feeder cattle weighing 600 to 699 pounds were down 15.4 percent from last year, totaling 275,000 head. Placements weighing 700 to 799 pounds equaled 455,000 head, which was 3.2 percent lower than last year. Finally, placements weighing more than 800 pounds were 4.0 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 602,000 head. In the meantime, fed cattle marketings during July equaled 2.00 million head. This was up 4.5 percent over one year ago and was up 4.3 percent over two years ago. The complete report can be found on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

CanFax recently issued Canada’s current cattle on feed numbers for terminal feedlots with 1,000 or more head in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. According to the data, Canada’s total cattle on feed on August 1, 2013 equaled 640,020 head, which was nearly 1.0 percent more than one year ago but was 1.9 percent less than the five year average. During July, 46,848 head of cattle were placed on feed. This was down 9.6 percent from one year ago and was down 31.2 percent from the five year average. Also, this was the smallest placement volume since the report began in 2000. The number of steers placed on feed equaled 22,394 head, which accounted for 47.8 percent of the total. Heifers placed on feed totaled 24,454 head. Specifically, feeder cattle placements weighing less than 600 pounds totaled 3,249 head, which was 34.6 percent higher than a year ago. Placements weighing 600 to 699 pounds were up 2.8 percent over last year, amounting to 1,399 head. Placements weighing 700 to 799 head increased 52.0 percent over a year ago to 5,256 head. Finally, placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds totaled 36,944 head, which was 17.2 percent lower than a year ago. Meanwhile, during July, Canada’s fed cattle marketings fell 6.8 percent from one year ago to 143,853 MT. Also, this was down 20.5 percent from the five year average. The complete report can be found on the CanFax website at http://www.canfax.ca/.

Pacific Rim

Japan’s Agriculture and Livestock Industries Corporation (ALIC) recently issued Japan’s beef and pork import statistics for June 2013. According to the data, during June, Japan imported 35,846 MT of beef. This was 35.5 percent less than May and was 23.0 percent less than June 2012 due to exporters reducing shipments in order to avoid triggering Japan’s safeguard. More specifically, imports of frozen beef equaled 19,996 MT, which was 39.3 percent lower than the previous month and was 29.9 percent lower than June 2012. Likewise, imports of fresh, chilled beef were 30.1 percent lower than the previous month and were 12.2 percent lower than June 2012, totaling 15,802 MT. During June, Japan’s beef imports from Australia equaled 18,206 MT, which was down 35.5 percent from the previous month and was down 34.8 percent from June 2012. During the first half of the year, beef imports from Australia were 11.7 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 135,861 MT. Australia was Japan’s main source for beef imports with 55.9 percent of the total. Beef imports from the U.S. during June fell 34.6 percent from the previous month to 13,684 MT. However, this was up 12.0 percent over June 2012. Total year-to-date beef imports from the U.S. were 32.4 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 75,282 MT. The U.S. was Japan’s second leading beef import market with 31.0 percent of the total imports. During June, Japan imported 2,277 MT of beef from New Zealand. This was down 29.1 percent from the previous month and was down 42.9 percent from June 2012. Year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand totaled 15,935 MT, which was 9.8 percent less than last year. Overall, Japan’s total beef imports during the first half of 2013 equaled 242,836 MT, which was nearly 1.0 percent higher than the same period a year ago. During May, Japan’s beef marketings equaled 71,360 MT. This was down 9.3 percent from the previous month but was up 6.5 percent over a year ago. Marketings of imported beef were 15.9 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 44,476 MT. Domestic beef marketings totaled 26,885 MT, 6.1 percent lower than last year. At the end of May, Japan’s beef stocks totaled 96,474 MT. This was up 15.4 percent over the previous month and was up 19.6 percent over a year ago. Stocks of imported beef totaled 84,621 MT, 20.9 percent higher than last year. Domestic beef stocks were up 11.1 percent over a year ago, amounting to 11,853 MT.

During June, Japan imported 52,557 MT of pork. This was down 20.3 percent from the previous month and was down 6.3 percent from June 2012. More specifically, imports of frozen pork totaled 30,059 MT, which was 24.1 percent lower than the previous month and was 14.3 percent lower than June 2012. Imports of fresh, chilled pork totaled 22,498 MT, which was 14.6 percent lower than the previous month but was 6.9 percent higher than June 2012. During June, Japan imported 20,684 MT of pork from the U.S. This was 22.3 percent less than May and was 13.6 percent less than June 2012. Pork imports from the U.S. during the first half of the year totaled 141,206 MT, which was 13.3 percent below a year ago. The U.S. was the leading supplier of pork to Japan with 39.2 percent of the total imports. Pork imports from Canada during June rose 3.1 percent over the previous month to 9,807 MT. However, this was 22.4 percent lower than June 2012. Year-to-date pork imports from Canada were 17.7 percent less than last year, totaling 66,742 MT. During June, Japan imported 6,664 MT of pork from Denmark. This was 40.0 percent lower than the previous month and was 21.4 percent lower than June 2012. Pork imports from Denmark during the first half equaled 54,892 MT, which was down 4.1 percent from a year ago. Overall, during the first half of 2013, Japan’s pork imports totaled 359,999 MT, which was 5.3 percent below the same period a year ago. During May, Japan’s pork marketings totaled 139,540 MT, which was 1.3 percent less than the previous month and was 4.6 percent less than a year ago. Marketings of imported pork were 10.6 percent lower than last year, amounting to 63,696 MT. Domestic pork marketings equaled 75,844 MT, 1.2 percent more than last year. At the end of May, Japan’s pork stocks totaled 177,958 MT, which was up 2.3 percent over the previous month but was down 1.5 percent from a year ago. Stocks of imported pork totaled 155,235 MT, 2.2 percent less than a year ago. Domestic pork stocks were 3.2 percent more than last year, amounting to 22,723 MT. Additional data can be found on the ALIC website at http://lin.alic.go.jp/alic/statis/dome/data2/e_nstatis.htm.

Oceania

The Australian Lot Feeders’ Association (ALFA) and Meat & Livestock Australia (MLA) recently published the results of Australia’s cattle on feed survey for the second quarter of 2013. According to the numbers, as of June 30, 2013, Australia’s cattle on feed equaled 872,992 head. This was 9.3 percent higher than the previous quarter and was 10.7 percent higher than a year ago. The majority of the cattle on feed were located in the state of Queensland with 523,403 head, or 60.0 percent of the total. This was an increase of 11.3 percent over the previous quarter. According to MLA, high feed grain prices suppressed further increases in cattle numbers. Combined, Queensland and New South Wales contained 761,589 head, or 87.2 percent of the total cattle on feed. During the second quarter, Australia’s feedlot capacity totaled 1,191,852 head. Although this was a little higher than the previous quarter, it was 5.9 percent lower than a year ago. The largest feedlot capacity was in the state of Queensland with 632,655 head, which accounted for 53.1 percent of the total. Australia’s capacity utilization was 73 percent, compared to 67 percent the previous quarter and 62 percent a year ago. During the second quarter, Australia’s cattle marketings increased 9.6 percent over the previous quarter to 674,464 head. Also, this was up 4.7 percent over a year ago. During the first half of the year, Australia’s cattle slaughter totaled 3.52 million head, which was 9.5 percent more than one year ago and was 5.2 percent more than two years ago. The complete cattle on feed report can be found on the ALFA website at http://www.feedlots.com.au/.

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