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USDA International Meat Review


16 August 2013

USDA International Meat Review - 15 August 2013USDA International Meat Review - 15 August 2013


USDA International Meat Review

Trade Highlights

The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) recently published June 2013 US red meat export and import data. According to the numbers, during June, US exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meats totaled 101,723 MT. This was up 4.0 percent over the previous month and was up 8.2 percent over June 2012. More specifically, fresh, chilled beef exports equaled 37,593 MT, which was 15.8 percent higher than the previous month and was 21.3 percent higher than June 2012. Frozen beef exports equaled 36,829 MT, which was 2.6 percent higher than the previous month and was 4.9 percent higher than June 2012. During June, the US exported 23,974 MT of beef variety meats. This was 8.4 percent less than the previous month and was 3.2 percent less than June 2011. During the first half of the year, US beef variety meat exports totaled 150,649 MT, 4.5 percent below a year ago. Egypt was the main beef variety meat export market with 58,408 MT, or 38.8 percent of the total. During June, US beef exports to Japan fell 4.8 percent from the previous month to 26,784 MT. During the first half of the year, beef exports to Japan totaled 114,877 MT, which was 58.3 percent greater than a year ago. Japan was the primary destination for US beef with 21.2 percent of the total exports. Beef exports to Mexico during June rose 15.4 percent over the previous month to 17,474 MT. Year-to-date beef exports to Mexico were 13.8 percent less than last year, amounting to 89,380 MT. First half beef exports to Canada totaled 86,312 MT, 7.1 percent higher than a year ago. Overall, US total beef and veal and beef variety meat exports during the first half of 2013 equaled 542,565 MT, which was 1.4 percent below the corresponding period a year ago.

During June, the US exported 166,104 MT of pork cuts and pork variety meats. This was 6.5 percent less than the previous month but was 2.1 percent more than June 2012. More specifically, exports of fresh, chilled pork totaled 53,764 MT, which was down 12.1 percent from the previous month but was up 9.0 percent over June 2012. Exports of frozen pork totaled 64,341 MT, which was down 4.3 percent from the previous month and was down 12.5 percent from June 2012. Exports of US pork variety meats during June fell 1.0 percent from the previous month to 33,101 MT. However, this was 22.4 percent greater than June 2012. During the first half of the year, the US exported 213,681 MT of pork variety meats. This was 6.7 percent more than last year. China was the primary pork variety meat export market for the US with 82,336 MT, or 38.5 percent of the total. During June, the US exported 46,618 MT of pork to Mexico, which was down 9.1 percent from May. During the first half of the year, pork exports to Mexico were down 1.3 percent from a year ago, amounting to 283,670 MT. Mexico was the largest buyer of US pork with 27.5 percent of the total. US pork exports to Japan during June fell 7.7 percent from the previous month to 34,237 MT. Year-to-date pork exports to Japan totaled 214,534 MT, which was 7.5 percent below a year ago. Year-to-date pork exports to China were 9.3 percent less than last year, totaling 156,677 MT. Overall, during the first half of 2013, US total exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats equaled 1,032,197 MT, 7.5 percent below the same period a year ago.

US beef and veal imports during June totaled 64,330 MT. This was 5.9 percent lower than the previous month and was 10.2 percent lower than June 2012. Specifically, imports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 24,357 MT, which was down 3.7 percent from the previous month and was down 1.2 percent from June 2012. Likewise, imports of frozen beef were down 8.5 percent from the previous month and were down 17.0 percent from June 2012, totaling 36,764 MT. During June, the US imported 16,792 MT of beef from New Zealand. This was 16.2 percent lower than May. During the first half of the year, beef imports from New Zealand were 13.5 percent greater than last year, amounting to 117,241 MT. New Zealand was the leading supplier of beef to the US with 28.7 percent of the total imports. Beef imports from Australia during June rose 6.0 percent over the previous month to 18,048 MT. Total yearto- date beef imports from Australia equaled 99,596 MT, which was down 14.4 percent from last year. During June, the US imported 14,337 MT of beef from Canada, which was 8.1 percent lower than the previous month. During the first half of the year, beef imports from Canada totaled 91,782 MT, 18.4 percent less than last year. Overall, US beef and veal imports during the first half of 2013 equaled 408,185 MT, which was 2.5 percent below the corresponding period a year ago.

During June, US pork imports totaled 29,199 MT. Although this was down 5.8 percent from May, it was up 5.1 percent over June 2012. More specifically, imports of fresh, chilled pork equaled 18,724 MT, which was 6.0 percent lower than the previous month but was 11.9 percent higher than June 2012. Imports of frozen pork equaled 6,918 MT, which was 8.4 percent lower than the previous month and was 8.3 percent lower than June 2012. US pork imports from Canada during June fell 5.3 percent from the previous month to 24,242 MT. During the first half of 2013, pork imports from Canada totaled 147,004 MT, 7.9 percent higher than a year ago. Canada was the main source of US pork imports with 82.1 percent of the total. During June, the US imported 2,045 MT of pork from Denmark, which was down 4.1 percent from the previous month. Total year-to-date pork imports from Denmark were 20.2 percent below last year, amounting to 13,489 MT. Overall, US total pork imports during the first half of 2013 equaled 179,145 MT, 4.5 percent more than the same period a year ago. To obtain further US trade data, visit the FAS website at http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

Note: The above US trade data includes 2012 13th month data. Each year the Department of Commerce, US Census Bureau, Foreign Trade Division releases a 13th month file approximately three months after the December release of the data. The 13th month includes corrections made at the request of outside sources and verified with exporters or importers by the Foreign Trade Division. The 13th month also includes late shipments.

On August 1, USDA Secretary Vilsack and US Trade Representative Froman announced that the European Union (EU) will continue to provide US beef producers with zero duty access to the EU market for high quality beef produced from non-hormone treated cattle. The US and the EU are planning to extend for two years Phase 2 of the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) signed in 2009 concerning the dispute the US had with the EU over the ban the EU had on beef from cattle treated with certain growth-promoting hormones. Since Phase 2 began, US beef shipments under the quota were estimated at $200 million, up 300 percent from the value of exports the year before the MOU was entered into. Under the extension, the MOU would be in effect until August 2, 2015 and would allow US beef producers zero duty access to the EU market for up to 45,000 MT per year of beef produced from non-hormone treated cattle. To read the complete press release, visit the USDA website at http://www.usda.gov/.

Recently, Argentina’s National Service of Health, Food and Agriculture Quality (SENASA) published Argentina’s second quarter beef export data. The numbers include fresh beef, offals, processed beef and Hilton cuts. According to the data, during the second quarter of 2013, Argentina exported 57,193 MT of beef. This was 6.7 percent less than the previous quarter but was 15.3 percent more than a year ago. According to Meat & Livestock Australia, Argentina’s cattle slaughter increased during the first half of 2013, which led to an increase in beef production of 9.4 percent over a year ago. During the second quarter, Argentina’s beef exports to Russia fell 16.0 percent from the previous quarter to 11,138 MT. However, this was up 20.0 percent over a year ago. During the first half of 2013, Argentina’s beef exports to Russia equaled 24,404 MT, which was 5.7 percent higher than a year ago. Russia was the main beef export market for Argentina with 20.6 percent of the total. During the second quarter, Argentina exported 9,763 MT of beef to Hong Kong. This was down 2.8 percent from the previous quarter but was up 33.8 percent over a year ago. Total year-to-date beef exports to Hong Kong were 26.2 percent above last year, amounting to 19,810 MT. Beef exports to Chile during the second quarter totaled 6,789 MT. Although this was 5.4 percent lower than the previous quarter, it was 13.8 percent higher than a year ago. Total year-to-date beef exports to Chile were 12.0 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 13,968 MT. During the second quarter, Argentina exported 4,271 MT of beef to Israel. This was 24.1 percent lower than the previous quarter and was 9.1 percent lower than a year ago. During the first half of the year, Argentina’s beef exports to Israel were 12.0 percent below a year ago, totaling 9,898 MT. Beef exports to Germany during the second quarter totaled 4,837 MT, which was up 22.7 percent over the previous quarter but was down 5.3 percent from a year ago. Year-to-date beef exports to Germany equaled 8,778 MT, 17.1 percent less than last year. During the first half of 2013, Argentina’s beef exports to the US were down 5.0 percent from a year ago, totaling just 341 MT. During the first half of 2013, Argentina’s main beef export market for Hilton cuts was Germany with 55.4 percent of the total. The largest fresh beef export market was Chile with 28.6 percent. The largest processed beef export market, with 17.8 percent of the total, was Italy. The primary offal market was Hong Kong with 34.4 percent of the total. Of Argentina’s total beef exports during the first half of 2013, 46.6 percent was offals, 41.0 percent consisted of fresh beef, 10.1 percent was Hilton cuts and 2.3 percent was processed beef. Overall, Argentina’s total beef exports during the first half of 2013 equaled 118,463 MT, which was 6.7 percent above the corresponding period a year ago due to the depreciation of Argentina’s currency and strong international demand.

Oceania

Recently, Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) published Australia’s red meat export data for July 2013. According to the numbers, during July, Australia exported a record 106,184 MT of beef. This was up 21.0 percent over the previous month and was up 28.7 percent over July 2012. More specifically, exports of frozen beef equaled 81,688 MT, which accounted for 76.9 percent of the total. Exports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 24,496 MT. Australia’s beef exports to Japan during July totaled 31,703 MT, which was 25.1 percent higher than June and was 2.2 percent higher than July 2012. Also, this was the single highest monthly volume since November 2011. Year-to-date beef exports to Japan totaled 172,870 MT, 5.0 percent below a year ago. Japan was Australia’s largest beef export market with 28.5 percent of the total. Australia’s beef exports to the US during July rose 9.7 percent over the previous month and 3.3 percent over July 2012 to 17,667 MT. Total year-to-date beef exports to the US were 12.6 percent less than last year, amounting to 118,245 MT. During July, Australia exported a record 15,065 MT of beef to China. This was 41.4 percent more than the previous month and was more than 14 times the amount from July 2012. Year-to-date beef exports to China reached 77,486 MT, which was more than 18 times the volume from last year. Australia’s beef exports to South Korea during July equaled 12,756 MT. This was 15.3 percent greater than the previous month and was 33.5 percent greater than July 2012. Year-to-date beef exports to South Korea were 25.2 percent more than a year ago, totaling 74,253 MT. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date beef and veal exports equaled 605,934 MT, 13.9 percent above the same period a year ago.

During July, Australia exported 18,744 MT of lamb, which was up 8.8 percent over June and was up 16.6 percent over July 2012. Australia’s lamb exports to the Middle East equaled 5,537 MT. This was 22.3 percent more than the previous month and was 8.2 percent more than July 2012. Total year-to-date lamb exports to the Middle East were 27.0 percent above last year, amounting to 34,673 MT. The Middle East was Australia’s primary lamb export market with 29.0 percent of the total. Lamb exports to the US during July rose 2.4 percent over the previous month to 3,122 MT. Also, this was 7.0 percent higher than July 2012. Year-to-date lamb exports to the US totaled 22,435 MT, which was 4.7 percent more than last year. Lamb exports to China during July rose 11.0 percent over June and 35.5 percent over July 2012 to 3,500 MT. Total year-to-date lamb exports to China reached 21,364 MT, 33.7 percent more than last year. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date lamb exports equaled 119,493 MT, which was 14.0 percent above the corresponding period a year ago. Meanwhile, during July, Australia exported 11,214 MT of mutton. This was up 5.5 percent over the previous month and was up 75.1 percent over July 2012. Australia’s mutton exports to the Middle East during July equaled 2,537 MT, which was 6.3 percent lower than June and was 28.6 percent lower than July 2012. Total year-to-date mutton exports to the Middle East were 6.7 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 27,538 MT. The Middle East was the main mutton export market for Australia with 29.6 percent of the total. During July, Australia exported 3,870 MT of mutton to China, which was 53.5 percent higher than the previous month and was more than nine times higher than July 2012. Total year-to-date mutton exports to China equaled 26,613 MT, 631.3 percent greater than a year ago. Mutton exports to the US during July totaled 544 MT. Although this was up 84.4 percent over the previous month, it was down 40.2 percent from July 2012. Year-todate mutton exports to the US totaled 5,511 MT, 68.4 percent higher than a year ago. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date mutton exports equaled 93,074 MT, which was 83.0 percent above the same period a year ago. To obtain further information on Australia’s red meat exports, go to the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

Pacific Rim

Recently, Japan’s Agriculture and Livestock Industries Corporation (ALIC) published Japan’s cattle and hog inventory numbers. According to the data, as of February 2013, Japan’s total beef cattle farms equaled 61,300 farms. This was down 6.0 percent from one year ago and was down 11.9 percent from two years ago. Japan’s total beef cattle numbered 2.64 million head, which was 3.0 percent lower than one year ago and was 4.4 percent lower than two years ago. Japan’s total beef breed fell 3.4 percent from one year ago to 1.77 million head. Also, this was down 5.3 percent from two years ago. Meanwhile, as of February 2013, Japan had 5,570 hog farms. This was down 4.6 percent from one year ago and was down 7.3 percent from two years ago. The number of hogs equaled 9.69 million head, which was a little lower than one year ago and was a little lower than two years ago. The number of barrows and gilts was slightly less than one year ago, totaling 8.11 million head. Also this was 1.0 percent less than two years ago. To obtain additional data, visit the ALIC website at http://lin.alic.go.jp/alic/statis/dome/data2/e_nstatis.htm.

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