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USDA International Meat Review


22 December 2011

International Meat Review - 22 December 2011International Meat Review - 22 December 2011

Recently, the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) published U.S. read meat export and import data for October 2011. According to the numbers, U.S. exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meats during October totaled 105,905 MT.
USDA International Meat Review

Trade Highlights

This was 3.5 percent less than the previous month but was 10.1 percent more than October 2010. More specifically, exports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 34,211 MT, which was 1.4 percent lower than the previous month but was 6.2 percent higher than October 2010.


Similarly, exports of frozen beef were down 1.2 percent from the previous month but were up 15.1 percent over October 2010, totaling 38,342 MT. U.S. beef variety meat exports during October totaled 29,797 MT, which was 9.4 percent less than the previous month but was 8.4 percent more than October 2010. Total year-todate beef variety meat exports were 20.9 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 301,043 MT. During October, the U.S. exported 20,987 MT of beef to Mexico, which was 4.8 percent lower than the previous month. Year-to-date beef exports to Mexico were 5.7 percent higher than last year, amounting to 213,005 MT. Mexico was the main beef export market for the U.S. with 19.8 percent of the total. Beef exports to Canada during October fell 2.7 percent from the previous month to 14,175 MT. Total year-todate beef exports to Canada were 29.0 percent more than a year ago, amounting to 159,398 MT. During October, Japan imported 12,631 MT of beef from the U.S. This was 3.6 percent higher than September. Year-to-date beef exports to Japan were 29.9 percent greater than last year, totaling 133,870 MT. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date beef and veal and beef variety meat exports equaled 1,073,400 MT, 24.4 percent above the same period a year ago.


U.S. exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats during October totaled 197,491 MT. This was 9.1 percent more than September and was 24.9 percent more than October 2010. More specifically, fresh, chilled pork exports totaled 53,256 MT, which was up 3.7 percent over the previous month and was up 17.7 percent over October 2010. Frozen pork exports totaled 96,264 MT, which was up 20.7 percent over the previous month and was up 79.6 percent over October 2010. U.S. pork variety meat exports during October equaled 35,582 MT. Although this was 7.5 percent higher than the previous month, it was 18.4 percent lower than October 2010. Year-to-date pork variety meat exports totaled 375,258 MT, which was 4.3 percent higher than a year ago. U.S. pork exports to Mexico during October rose 3.7 percent over the previous month to 42,366 MT. Total year-to-date pork exports to Mexico were 1.8 percent lower than last year, amounting to 419,456 MT. Mexico was the main U.S. pork export market with 23.4 percent of the total. During October, the U.S. exported 42,985 MT of pork to Japan, which was 11.1 percent higher than the previous month. Year-to-date pork exports to Japan totaled 409,920 MT, 14.5 percent higher than a year ago. Pork exports to China during October rose 24.0 percent over September to 47,174 MT. Year-to-date pork exports to China reached 264,054 MT, 278.3 percent more than a year ago. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats equaled 1,793,795 MT, 17.9 percent above the same period a year ago.


U.S. beef and veal imports during October totaled 52,118 MT. This was 4.2 percent less than the previous month and was 5.5 percent less than October 2010. More specifically, imports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 27,479 MT, which was up 3.4 percent over the previous month but was down 4.2 percent from October 2010. Imports of frozen beef totaled 20,732 MT, which was down 12.1 percent from the previous month and was down 14.8 percent from October 2010. U.S. beef imports from Canada during October rose 4.0 percent over the previous month to 21,727 MT. Year-to-date beef imports from Canada were 22.6 percent below a year ago, amounting to 199,673 MT. Canada was the largest source for U.S. beef imports with 33.9 percent of the total imports. During October, the U.S. imported 5,143 MT of beef from New Zealand, which was 24.8 percent less than the previous month. Year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand totaled 139,630 MT, 2.7 percent lower than last year. Beef imports from Australia during October fell 8.8 percent from the previous month to 12,253 MT. Total year-to-date beef imports from Australia equaled 125,253 MT, which was 25.9 percent less than last year. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date beef and veal imports equaled 588,780 MT, 13.0 percent below the corresponding period a year ago.


During October, the U.S. imported 29,274 MT of pork. Although this was 7.6 percent higher than the previous month, it was 10.9 percent lower than October 2010. Specifically, fresh, chilled pork imports totaled 17,149 MT, which was up 3.4 percent over the previous month but was down 14.2 percent from October 2010. Likewise, frozen pork imports were up 22.4 percent over the previous month but were down 2.0 percent from October 2010, totaling 7,702 MT. During October, the U.S. imported 23,472 MT of pork from Canada. This was 4.7 percent more than the previous month. Year-to-date pork imports from Canada were 10.6 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 227,923 MT. Canada was the main provider of pork to the U.S. with 80.9 percent of the total. Pork imports from Denmark during October rose 34.1 percent over the previous month to 3,096 MT. Total year-to-date pork imports from Denmark equaled 28,422 MT, nearly unchanged from a year ago. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date pork imports equaled 281,747 MT, which was 8.2 percent less than the same period a year ago. Additional U.S. trade data can be found on the FAS website http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

Oceania

Recently, the Economic Service of Beef + Lamb New Zealand (B+LNZ) released its annual lamb crop survey. According to the data, New Zealand’s 2011 season lamb crop was up 6.9 percent over 2010, totaling 26.51 million head. Despite a return to normal weather conditions, this will be New Zealand’s second smallest lamb crop since 1956. During the 2011 season, lambs from ewes equaled 25.35 million head, which was 6.1 percent more than 2010. The ewe lambing percentage was 119.3 percent, up from 109.6 percent one year ago but down from 123.2 percent two years ago. Lambs in the North Island totaled 12.41 million head, which was up 7.3 percent from a year ago. Likewise, lambs in the South Island were up 6.7 percent over a year ago, amounting to 14.10 million head. Meanwhile, New Zealand’s slaughter of export lambs in 2011 was estimated to total 4.99 million head during the October to December quarter, 7.3 percent above a year ago. Export lambs as a percent of total lambs in the same time frame was 24.3 percent, up from 24.2 percent one year ago and up from 23.9 percent two years ago. To obtain the complete report, visit the B+LNZ website at http://www.beeflambnz.com/.

Pacific Rim


Recently, Japan’s Agriculture and Livestock Industries Corporation (ALIC) recently issued Japan’s beef and pork import data for October 2011. According to the numbers, during October, Japan imported 43,853 MT of beef. Although this was 1.3 percent less than the previous month, it was 30.7 percent more than October 2010. More specifically, imports of frozen beef equaled 26,561 MT, which was 1.4 percent higher than the previous month and was 51.6 percent higher than October 2010. Imports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 17,233 MT, which was 5.2 percent lower than the previous month but was 7.7 percent higher than October 2010. During October, Japan imported 29,128 MT of beef from Australia. This was 1.9 percent more than the previous month and was 27.3 percent more than October 2010. Year-to-date beef imports from Australia were down 3.5 percent from last year, amounting to 276,535 MT. Australia was the primary supplier of beef to Japan with 65.2 percent of the total imports. Japan’s beef imports from the U.S. during October fell 12.3 percent from September to 10,131 MT. However, this was up 37.4 percent over October 2010. Total year-to-date beef imports from the U.S. equaled 98,573 MT, which was 39.6 percent above a year ago. During October, Japan’s beef imports from New Zealand rose 30.3 percent over the previous month and 18.8 percent over October 2010 to 26,058 MT. Year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand were down 5.6 percent from last year, totaling 26,058 MT. Overall, Japan’s total year-to-date beef imports equaled 424,343 MT, which was 5.3 percent greater than the same period a year ago. During October, Japan’s beef marketings equaled 75,471 MT, which was up 6.9 percent over the previous month but was down 3.7 percent from a year ago. Imported beef marketings were down 5.1 percent from a year ago, amounting to 47,654 MT. Marketings of domestic beef totaled 27,817 MT, which was 1.3 percent less than last year. Japan’s beef stocks at the end of October totaled 96,247 MT. This was 3.1 percent lower than the previous month but was 4.9 percent higher than a year ago. Imported beef stocks were up 4.4 percent over a year ago, amounting to 84,012 MT. Domestic beef stocks equaled 12,235 MT, 8.5 percent more than a year ago.


During October, Japan imported 69,585 MT of pork. This was 14.7 percent higher than the previous month and was 23.8 percent higher than October 2010. More specifically, imports of frozen pork equaled 48,177 MT, which was up 24.8 percent over the previous month and was up 32.7 percent over October 2010. Imports of fresh, chilled pork equaled 21,405 MT, which was down 3.0 percent from the previous month but was up 7.7 percent over October 2010. During October, Japan’s pork imports from the U.S. rose 4.3 percent over September to 26,523 MT. Also, this was 24.5 percent higher than October 2010. Total year-to-date pork imports from the U.S. were 6.3 percent more than last year, amounting to 266,272 MT. The U.S. was the largest supplier of pork to Japan with 41.1 percent of the total imports. Japan’s pork imports from Canada during October totaled 16,833 MT, which was up 25.2 percent over the previous month and was up 45.9 percent over October 2010. Year-to-date pork imports from Canada totaled 138,225 MT, 7.7 percent less than a year ago. During October, Japan imported 12,232 MT of pork from Denmark. This was 24.7 percent higher than the previous month and was 21.3 percent higher than October 2010. Year-to-date pork imports from Denmark were 2.8 percent less than last year, amounting to 110,341 MT. Overall, Japan’s total year-to-date pork imports equaled 648,640 MT, 2.6 percent more than the same period a year ago. During October, Japan’s pork marketings totaled 140,980 MT, which was nearly unchanged from the previous month but was 3.2 percent more than a year ago. Marketings of imported pork equaled 68,473 MT, 9.6 percent higher than last year. Domestic pork marketings were 2.2 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 72,506 MT. At the end of October, Japan’s pork stocks equaled 161,693 MT, which was down 4.4 percent from the previous month and was down 18.6 percent from a year ago. Imported pork stocks totaled 140,025 MT, 16.8 percent lower than last year. Stocks of domestic pork were down 28.2 percent from a year ago, amounting to 21,668 MT. Additional data is available on Japan’s red meat trade on the ALIC website at http://lin.alic.go.jp/alic/statis/dome/data2/e_nstatis.htm.

North America


Recently, CanFax released Canada’s current cattle on feed data for terminal feedlots with 1,000 or more head in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. According to the numbers, cattle on feed in Canada on December 1, 2011 equaled 1,034,198 head. This was 5.5 percent more than one year ago and was 2.7 percent more than two years ago. During November, 301,199 head of cattle were place on feed. This was 3.6 percent higher than one year ago and was 10.9 percent higher than two years ago. The number of steers placed on feed totaled 161,413 head, which comprised 53.6 percent of the total placements. Heifers placed on feed totaled 139,786 head. More specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds equaled 69,191 head, which was little changed from a year ago. Placements weighing 600 to 699 pounds were 23.1 percent lower than last year, totaling 88,925 head. Placements of feeder cattle weighing 700 to 799 pounds were 12.9 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 45,994 head. Finally, placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds totaled 97,089 head, which was 82.9 percent greater than a year ago. In the meantime, Canada’s fed cattle marketings during November equaled 132,220 head. Although this was up 1.6 percent over one year ago, it was down 10.3 percent from two years ago. The entire report can be found on the CanFax website at http://www.canfax.ca/.


On November 16, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) published its monthly Cattle on Feed report. According to the data, on December 1, 2011, cattle and calves on feed for the U.S. slaughter market for feedlots with a capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 12.08 million head. This was 4.0 percent more than one year ago and was 7.1 percent more than two years ago. Also, this was the second highest December 1 inventory since the series began in 1996. The number of cattle placed on feed during November increased 4.1 percent over one year ago and 10.6 percent over two years ago to 2.04 million head. Specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds were up 20.8 percent over a year ago, totaling 755,000 head. Placement of feeder cattle weighing 600 to 699 pounds equaled 499,000 head, 15.4 percent less than a year ago. Placements weighing 700 to 799 pounds equaled 375,000 head, nearly unchanged from a year ago. Finally, placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds totaled 410,000 head, which was up 10.8 percent over a year ago. Meanwhile, fed cattle marketings during October equaled 1.77 million head. This was relatively unchanged from one year ago but was 8.3 percent more than two years ago. The complete report is available on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

January 2012

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