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USDA International Meat Review


15 April 2013

USDA International Meat Review - 11 April 2013USDA International Meat Review - 11 April 2013


USDA International Meat Review

Trade Highlights

The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) recently published February 2013 red meat trade data for the U.S. According to the data, during February, U.S. exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meats equaled 86,365 MT. This was down slightly from the previous month and was down nearly 1.0 percent from February 2012. More specifically, exports of fresh, chilled product totaled 28,401 MT, which was 9.5 percent less than the previous month but was 3.2 percent more than February 2012. Exports of frozen product totaled 27,083 MT, which was 6.4 percent less than the previous month and was 9.0 percent less than February 2012. During February, the U.S. exported 28,078 MT of variety meats. This was up 21.2 percent over the previous month and was up 3.5 percent over February 2012. Year-to-date beef variety meat exports were 8.4 percent below a year ago, amounting to 51,247 MT. During February, the U.S. exported 14,878 MT of beef to Canada. This was down 10.3 percent from the previous month. Year-to-date beef exports to Canada totaled 31,465 MT, 30.7 percent greater than last year. Canada was the leading beef export market for the U.S. with 18.2 percent of the total. U.S. beef exports to Mexico during February fell 18.3 percent from the previous month to 13,462 MT. Total year-to-date beef exports to Mexico were 21.4 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 29,934 MT. Beef exports to Egypt during February rose 25.4 percent over the previous month to 14,082 MT. Year-to-date beef exports to Egypt equaled 25,311 MT, 21.2 percent more than last year. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date beef and veal and beef variety meat exports equaled 172,972 MT, which was 2.0 percent lower than the same period a year ago.

U.S. Red Meat Exports Including Variety Meats
Beef & Veal Exports for February 2013

*The year-to-date totals include variety meats.
Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service/U.S. Census Bureau

During February, the U.S. exported 175,191 MT of pork cuts and pork variety meats. This was down 4.0 percent from the previous month and was down 5.3 percent from February 2012. Specifically, exports of fresh, chilled pork equaled 50,948 MT, which was 19.0 percent lower than the previous month and was 12.6 percent lower than February 2012. Exports of frozen pork equaled 66,154 MT, which was slightly lower than the previous month and was 19.5 percent lower than February 2012. During February, U.S. pork variety meat exports rose 6.2 percent over the previous month and 25.4 percent over February 2012 to 42,294 MT. Total year-to-date pork variety meat exports equaled 82,102 MT, 11.1 percent more than a year ago. During February, the U.S. exported 42,228 MT of pork to Mexico. This was 20.9 percent lower than the previous month. Year-to-date pork exports to Mexico were 12.0 percent below a year ago, amounting to 95,581 MT. Mexico was the largest U.S. pork export market with 26.7 percent of the total. Pork exports to Japan during February fell 11.2 percent from January to 33,504 MT. Total year-to-date pork exports to Japan were 10.5 percent less than last year, amounting to 71,235 MT. During February, the U.S. exported 32,393 MT of pork to China, which was 23.0 percent higher than the previous month. Year-to-date pork exports to China were 3.0 percent lower than a year ago, totaling 58,721 MT. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats equaled 357,659 MT, 9.1 percent below the same period a year ago.

U.S. Red Meat Exports Including Variety Meats
Pork Exports for February 2013

*The year-to-date totals include variety meats.
Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service/U.S. Census Bureau

During February, U.S. beef and veal imports equaled 58,192 MT. Although this was 13.3 percent lower than January, it was 2.9 percent more than February 2012. More specifically, fresh, chilled beef imports equaled 22,500 MT, which was up 1.8 percent over the previous month but was down 15.8 percent from February 2012. Conversely, frozen beef imports were down 22.7 percent from the previous month but were up 19.7 percent over February 2012, totaling 32,650 MT. During February, the U.S. imported 16,384 MT of beef from New Zealand. This was nearly unchanged from the previous month. Year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand were 42.9 percent greater than last year, amounting to 32,761 MT. New Zealand overtook Canada and Australia as the largest supplier of beef to the U.S. with 26.1 percent of the total. Beef imports from Australia during February fell 41.5 percent from the previous month to 10,917 MT. Total year-to-date beef imports from Australia equaled 29,593 MT, 2.8 percent lower than a year ago. During February, beef imports from Canada totaled 13,819 MT, which was little changed from the previous month. Year-to-date beef imports from Canada were 28.0 percent less than a year ago, totaling 27,673 MT. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date beef and veal imports reached 125,298 MT, which was 4.1 percent above the same period a year ago.

U.S. Red Meat Imports Excluding Variety Meats
Beef & Veal Imports for February 2013

*The year-to-date totals do not include variety meats.
Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service/U.S. Census Bureau

U.S. pork imports during February totaled 29,351 MT, which was slightly higher than the previous month and was slightly higher than February 2012. More specifically, fresh, chilled pork imports totaled 19,223 MT, which was 3.6 percent more than the previous month and was 10.1 percent more than February 2012. Frozen pork imports totaled 6,940 MT, which was 4.4 percent less than the previous month and was 13.0 percent less than February 2012. Pork imports from Canada during February equaled 24,340 MT, nearly unchanged from the previous month. Year-to-date pork imports from Canada totaled 48,627 MT, 3.1 percent above a year ago. Canada was the main supplier of pork to the U.S. with 83.0 percent of the total imports. During February, pork imports from Denmark fell 7.2 percent from the previous month to 2,051 MT. Year-to-date pork imports from Denmark were 9.7 percent less than last year, totaling 4,261 MT. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date pork imports equaled 58,556 MT, 2.0 percent more than the corresponding period a year ago. To obtain further U.S. trade data, go to the FAS website http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

U.S. Red Meat Imports Excluding Variety Meats
Pork Imports for February 2013

*The year-to-date totals do not include variety meats.
Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service/U.S. Census Bureau

North America

According to data from the USDA Livestock, Poultry and Grain Market News (LPGMN), during the first quarter of 2013, the U.S. imported 299,336 head of feeder cattle from Mexico. This was 33.4 percent less than one year ago and was 20.0 percent less than two years ago. During the same time frame, feeder cattle imports from Canada totaled 81,569 head, which was 65.5 percent greater than a year ago. Imports of slaughter steers and heifers from Canada were up nearly 1.0 percent over last year, amounting to 108,584 head. U.S. feeder pig imports from Canada during the first quarter of 2013 were down 9.0 percent from a year ago, totaling 1,088,327 head. Total slaughter hog imports from Canada equaled 207,891 head, which was 6.2 percent below a year ago. Meanwhile, during the first quarter of 2013, the U.S. exported 653 head of slaughter ewes to Mexico, compared to zero a year ago. This was 81.9 percent lower than two years ago. To obtain the weekly reports, visit the LPGMN website at http://www.ams.usda.gov/lpsmarketnewspage.

U.S. Quarterly Hogs & Pigs Inventory
As of March 1, 2013

Source: USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service

On March 28, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released its quarterly Hogs and Pigs report. According to the numbers, the U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on March 1, 2013 totaled 65.91 million head. This was down slightly from the previous quarter but was up 1.5 percent over a year ago. The breeding herd equaled 5.83 million head, which was slightly higher than both the previous quarter and a year ago. The number of market hogs and pigs fell nearly 1.0 percent from the previous quarter to 60.08 million head. However, this was 1.6 percent more than a year ago. More specifically, market hogs and pigs weighing less than 50 pounds totaled 19.43 million head. This was nearly unchanged from the previous quarter but was up 1.0 percent over a year ago. Market hogs and pigs weighing 50 to 119 pounds equaled 16.65 million head, which was unchanged from the previous quarter but was 1.5 percent higher than a year ago. The number of market hogs and pigs weighing 120 to 179 pounds was up 3.4 percent over the previous quarter and was up 2.2 percent over a year ago, amounting to 13.06 million head. Market hogs and pigs weighing more than 180 pounds totaled 10.94 million head, which was 7.8 percent lower than the previous quarter but was 2.3 percent higher than a year ago. During the December to February time period, the number of sows farrowed equaled 2.88 million head, which was a little more than a year ago. This accounted for 49.3 percent of the total breeding herd. During the same time frame, the pig crop totaled 29.02 million head, 1.6 percent more than a year ago. Pigs per litter equaled 10.08 head, compared to 9.97 head a year ago. Iowa comprised 30.8 percent of the total U.S. herd, making it the largest hog producing state with 20.30 million head. This was 3.0 percent higher than a year ago. North Carolina had the second largest hog inventory with 8.90 million head, which was up 3.5 percent over last year and accounted for 13.5 percent of the total inventory. The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with 5,000 head accounted for 47 percent of the total U.S. hog inventory, which was unchanged from last year. The complete report is available on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Oceania

Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) recently published Australia’s red meat export figures for March 2013. According to the numbers, during March, Australia exported 87,742 MT of beef and veal. This was up 9.0 percent over February and was up 5.2 percent over March 2012. Specifically, frozen beef exports equaled 64,922 MT, which comprised 74.0 percent of the total exports. Fresh, chilled beef exports equaled 22,820 MT. During March, Australia exported 24,253 MT of beef to Japan. Although this was 14.8 percent higher than the previous month, it was 3.1 percent lower than March 2012. During the first quarter of 2013, Australia exported 62,338 MT of beef to Japan, which was 4.5 percent lower than a year ago due to a weaker currency in Japan and competition from other markets. Nonetheless, Japan was Australia’s primary beef export market with 27.9 percent of the total. Australia’s beef exports to the U.S. during March rose 5.8 percent over the previous month to 18,059 MT. However, this was 32.6 percent less than March 2012. Total year-to-date beef exports to the U.S. were 24.0 percent below last year, amounting to 47,074 MT. The U.S. was the second largest beef export market for Australia with 21.1 percent of the total. During March, Australia exported a record 12,320 MT of beef to China. This was up 3.8 percent over the previous month and was up 2,625.7 percent over March 2012. Year-to-date beef exports to China totaled 28,624 MT, more than 23 times the volume from a year ago. Overall, Australia’s beef and veal exports during the first quarter of 2013 totaled 223,422 MT, which was 6.8 percent greater than the corresponding period a year ago.

Australia Beef & Veal Exports for March 2013

Source: Department of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry

During March, Australia’s lamb exports totaled 15,303 MT. This was down 12.9 percent from the previous month and was down 3.7 percent from March 2012. Australia’s lamb exports to the Middle East during March rose 4.9 percent over February and 27.5 percent over March 2012 to 4,755 MT. During the first quarter of 2013, Australia exported 13,858 MT of lamb to the Middle East, which was 44.1 percent more than a year ago. The Middle East was the primary lamb export market for Australia with 28.8 percent of the total. During March, Australia exported 2,585 MT of lamb to the U.S. This was 35.9 percent lower than the previous month and was 27.3 percent lower than March 2012. Additionally, this was the lowest single month volume since January 2012. Total year-to-date lamb exports to the U.S. were 6.7 percent higher than last year, amounting to 9,965 MT. Lamb exports to China during March fell 20.5 percent from the previous month to 2,711 MT. However, this was 12.7 percent higher than March 2012. Year-to-date lamb exports to China totaled 8,817 MT, which was 38.8 percent greater than last year. Overall, during the first quarter of 2013, Australia’s total lamb exports equaled 48,077 MT, which was 16.7 percent above a year ago. Meanwhile, during March, Australia exported 13,234 MT of mutton. This was down 6.2 percent from the previous month but was up 62.9 percent over March 2012. Mutton exports to the Middle East during March fell 15.3 percent from February to 3,891 MT. However, this was 1.8 percent higher than March 2012. During the first quarter of 2013, Australia’s mutton exports to the Middle East were 23.6 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 12,878 MT. The Middle East was the leading mutton export market for Australia with 32.1 percent of the total volume. During March, Australia exported 3,401 MT of mutton to China. This was 10.3 percent less than the previous month but was 554.0 percent more than March 2012. Year-to-date mutton exports to China reached 11,156 MT, 465.4 percent above last year. Mutton exports to the U.S. during March rose 11.1 percent over the previous month and 272.9 percent over March 2012 to 1,305 MT. Additionally, this was the highest single month volume since November 2010. Year-to-date mutton exports to the U.S. totaled 3,182 MT, which was 106.8 percent more than a year ago. Overall, Australia’s mutton exports during the first quarter of 2013 equaled 40,163 MT, 70.0 percent more than the same period a year ago. To obtain additional data on Australia’s exports, visit the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

Australia Lamb & Mutton Exports for March 2013

Source: Department of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry

According to the most recent data from Australia’s DAFF, Australia’s goat meat exports during the first quarter of 2013 totaled 7,161 MT. This was down 27.7 percent from the previous quarter but was up 24.7 percent over a year ago. During the first quarter, Australia’s goat meat exports to the U.S. fell 24.9 percent from the previous quarter to 3,995 MT. However, this was 64.0 percent more than a year ago. The U.S. was Australia’s main goat meat export market with 55.8 percent of the total. Goat meat exports to Taiwan during the first quarter were 36.7 percent lower than the previous quarter, amounting to 863 MT. This was 25.1 percent higher than last year. Taiwan was the second leading goat meat export market for Australia with 12.0 percent of the total. During the first quarter, Australia’s goat meat exports to the Caribbean equaled 516 MT, which was down 41.0 percent from the previous quarter and was down 50.6 percent from a year ago. For additional data, go to the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

Australia's Total Goat Meat Exports

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