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USDA International Meat Review


15 March 2013

USDA International Meat Review - 14 March 2013USDA International Meat Review - 14 March 2013


USDA International Meat Review

Trade Highlights

The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) recently issued Livestock and Products Semi-Annual reports for the countries of Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, India, Japan, Mexico and the Ukraine. The reports include summaries, outlooks, livestock inventories, consumption data and current production and supply data. Each report is available on the FAS Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) at http://gain.fas.usda.gov/.

US Red Meat Exports Including Variety Meats
Beef & Veal Exports for January 2013

*The year-to-date totals include variety meats.
Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service/US Census Bureau

Recently, USDA FAS released US red meat export and import data for January 2013. According to the numbers, during January, US exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meats totaled 86,607 MT. This was down 4.6 percent from the previous month and was down 3.2 percent from a year ago. Specifically, exports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 31,374 MT, which was 4.4 percent higher than the previous month and was 9.3 percent higher than a year ago. Exports of frozen beef equaled 28,929 MT, which was 8.3 percent lower than the previous month but was a little higher than a year ago. During January, the US exported 23,169 MT of beef variety meats. This was 9.3 percent less than the previous month and was 19.6 percent less than a year ago. US beef exports to Canada during January equaled 16,587 MT, which was down 6.9 percent from the previous month but was up 31.8 percent over a year ago. Canada was the largest US beef export market with 19.2 percent of the total. US beef exports to Mexico during January rose 14.0 percent over the previous month to 16,471 MT. However, this was 17.0 percent below a year ago. During January, the US exported 11,602 MT of beef to South Korea, which was 21.2 percent lower than the previous month and was slightly lower than a year ago. US beef exports to Egypt during January rose 1.7 percent over the previous month to 11,229 MT. However, this was 3.4 percent less than last year.

US Red Meat Exports Including Variety Meats
Pork Exports for January 2013

*The year-to-date totals include variety meats.
Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service/US Census Bureau

During January, US exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats totaled 182,469 MT. This was nearly unchanged from the previous month but was down 12.4 percent from a year ago. More specifically, exports of fresh, chilled pork equaled 62,897 MT, which was 9.2 percent higher than the previous month and was 1.9 percent higher than a year ago. Conversely, exports of frozen pork were 5.5 percent lower than the previous month and were 28.6 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 66,735 MT. During January, US pork variety meat exports totaled 39,808 MT. This was 2.5 percent more than the previous month but was 1.0 percent less than a year ago. US pork exports to Mexico during January equaled 53,353 MT, which was up 7.8 percent over the previous month but was down 8.2 percent from a year ago. Mexico was the primary destination for US pork with 29.2 percent of the total exports. During January, the US exported 37,731 MT of pork to Japan. This was 20.8 percent greater than the previous month but was 8.5 percent less than a year ago. US pork exports to China during January fell 20.8 percent from the previous month to 26,328 MT. Also, this was down 24.9 percent from a year ago. During January, pork exports to Canada equaled 18,968 MT. This was 5.4 percent lower than the previous month and was slightly lower than a year ago.

US Red Meat Imports Excluding Variety Meats
Beef & Veal Imports for January 2013

*The year-to-date totals do not include variety meats.
Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service/US Census Bureau

US beef and veal imports during January equaled 67,106 MT. This was 22.7 percent higher than the previous month and was 5.2 percent higher than a year ago. Specifically, imports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 22,093 MT, which was 16.1 percent more than the previous month but was 21.0 percent less than a year ago. Imports of frozen beef totaled 42,221 MT, which was 26.5 percent more than the previous month and was 26.6 percent more than a year ago. During January, the US imported 18,676 MT of beef from Australia. This was up 11.3 percent over the previous month but was down a little from a year ago. Australia was the leading supplier of beef to the US with 27.8 percent of the total. Beef imports from New Zealand during January rose 46.3 percent over the previous month and 40.4 percent over a year ago to 16,378 MT. During January, the US imported 13,853 MT of beef from Canada. This was up 32.8 percent over the previous month but was down 27.6 percent from a year ago. Beef imports from Mexico during January rose 16.3 percent over the previous month and rose 37.9 percent over a year ago to 8,669 MT.

US Red Meat Imports Excluding Variety Meats
Pork Imports for January 2013

*The year-to-date totals do not include variety meats.
Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service/US Census Bureau

US pork imports during January equaled 29,205 MT. This was up a little over the previous month and was up 3.5 percent over a year ago. Specifically, fresh, chilled pork imports totaled 18,562 MT, which was 4.7 percent higher than the previous month and was 7.5 percent higher than a year ago. Frozen pork imports totaled 7,258 MT, which was 1.6 percent lower than the previous month but was 6.7 percent higher than a year ago. US pork imports from Canada during January equaled 24,287 MT. This was 4.6 percent more than the previous month and was 5.6 percent more than a year ago. Canada was the leading supplier of pork to the US with 83.2 percent of the total imports. During January, the US imported 2,210 MT of pork from Denmark, which was down 18.2 percent from the previous month and was down 3.8 percent from a year ago. To obtain additional data on US trade, visit the FAS website at http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

North America

Canada Cattle Inventory
As of January 1, 2013

Source: Statistics Canada

Statistics Canada recently issued Canada’s semi-annual Cattle Statistics report. According to the data, on January 1, 2013, Canada’s total cattle inventory equaled 12.28 million head, which was up slightly over one year ago and was up 1.0 percent over two years ago. This was the second consecutive year-over-year increase since 2005. The province of Alberta had the greatest number of cattle with 5.01 million head, which accounted for 40.8 percent of the total. The inventory in Alberta was 2.2 percent greater than a year ago. Combined, Alberta and Saskatchewan contained 7.46 million head, which comprised 60.8 percent of Canada’s total inventory. As of January 1, Canada’s beef cow inventory totaled 3.96 million head, which was down 1.0 percent from one year ago and was down 2.2 percent from two years ago, continuing a downward trend that began in January 2006. The number of beef cow replacements increased 5.6 percent over one year ago and 11.7 percent over two years ago to 570,000 head. The number of steers, over one year of age, totaled 1.29 million head, which was 2.5 percent more than one year ago and was 7.4 percent more than two years ago. Calves under one year of age numbered 3.82 million head, which was unchanged from one year ago but was down a little from two years ago. During 2012, Canada’s cattle slaughter totaled 2,611,153 head, which was 9.6 percent less than 2011 and was 18.7 percent less than 2010.

Canada Quarterly Hog & Pig Inventory As of January 1, 2013

Source: Statistics Canada

In addition, Statistics Canada also published Canada’s semi-annual Hog Statistics report. According to the data, on January 1, 2013, Canada’s hog and pig inventory totaled 12.72 million head. This was slightly lower than the July inventory and was slightly lower than a year ago. The largest concentration of hogs was located in Quebec with 4.09 million head, which made up 32.2 percent of the total inventory. Quebec’s inventory was a little less than a year ago. In Eastern Canada, the hog inventory totaled 7.29 million head, which was slightly lower than last year. In Western Canada, the hog inventory totaled 5.43 million head, which was slightly lower than last year. On January 1, Canada’s total breeding stock equaled 1.21 million head, which was down a little from the July inventory and from a year ago. Sows and bred gilts numbered 1.18 million head. This was nearly 1.0 percent less than the July inventory and was nearly 1.0 percent less than a year ago. The pig inventory was slightly lower than the July inventory with 11.51 million head. This was also down a little from a year ago. During the last half of 2012, 1.34 million head of sows were farrowed. This was 2.4 percent lower than the same time frame from the previous year. The number of pigs born during the last half of 2012 totaled 15.48 million head, 1.2 percent less than the prior year. Canada’s hog slaughter during 2012 equaled 20,303,323 head, which was nearly unchanged from both 2011 and 2010.

Canada Sheep & Lamb Inventory As of January 1, 2013

Source: Statistics Canada

Statistics Canada also released its semi-annual Sheep Statistics report. According to the numbers, Canada’s sheep and lamb inventory on January 1, 2013 totaled 892,700 head. This was up a little over one year ago and was up 1.5 percent over two years ago. The majority of Canada’s sheep herd was located in Ontario with 269,000 head, which accounted for 30.1 percent of the total. Ontario’s inventory was slightly higher than a year ago. Combined, Quebec and Ontario had 490,000 head, which comprised 55.0 percent of Canada’s sheep herd. On January 1, the number of ewes fell slightly from one year ago and from two years ago, amounting to 553,800 head. Replacement lambs totaled 90,000 head. This was 5.4 percent more than one year ago and was 9.8 percent more than two years ago. Market lambs equaled 221,800 head, which was 2.4 percent higher than one year ago and was 3.5 percent higher than two years ago. During 2012, Canada’s sheep and lamb slaughter totaled 160,241 head, which was 4.7 percent more than 2011 but was 4.0 percent less than 2010. To obtain each of Canada’s inventory reports, visit the Statistics Canada website at http://www.statcan.gc.ca/.

US & Canada Total Livestock Inventories as of January 1, 2013

Source: USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service and Statistics Canada

On March 6, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released its reports, US and Canadian Cattle and Sheep and US and Canadian Hogs. According to the numbers, as of January 1, 2013, total cattle and calves in the US and Canada equaled 101.58 million head. This was 1.4 percent less than one year ago and was 4.7 percent less than two years ago. Cows and heifers that have calved numbered 43.43 million head, which was 2.1 percent lower than one year ago and was 3.5 percent lower than two years ago. The beef cow inventory fell 2.6 percent from one year ago and 4.7 percent from two years ago to 33.25 million head. The combined calf crops during 2012 equaled 38.77 million head, 2.9 percent less than 2011. Meanwhile, the total hog and pig inventory for the US and Canada equaled 79.07 million head. This was nearly unchanged from one year ago but was 1.9 percent more than two years ago. The number of hogs kept for breeding totaled 7.03 million head, which was unchanged from one year ago and was slightly higher than two years ago. Market hogs totaled 72.00 million head. This was down a little from one year ago but was up 2.0 percent over two years ago. In the meantime, the total sheep and lamb inventory in the US and Canada equaled 6.23 million head. This was a little lower than one year ago and was 2.1 percent lower than two years ago. The number of breeding sheep and lambs delined slightly from one year ago and declined 2.1 percent from two years ago to 4.65 million head. Replacement lambs totaled 750,000 head. This was slightly higher than both one year ago and two years ago. Market sheep and lambs totaled 1.58 million head, which was a little lower than one year ago and was 2.0 percent lower than two years ago. The combined lamb crops during 2012 totaled 4.27 million head, which was down 1.4 percent from 2011. The complete reports, which are a joint effort between NASS and Statistics Canada, can be found on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Oceania

Australia Beef & Veal Exports for February 2013

Source: Department of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry

Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) recently released Australia’s red meat export data for February 2013. According to the numbers, Australia’s beef and veal exports during February totaled 80,534 MT, which was up 46.0 percent over January and was up 2.3 percent over February 2012. More specifically, exports of frozen beef equaled 59,621 MT, which accounted for 74.0 percent of the total. Exports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 20,913 MT. During February, Australia’s beef exports to Japan rose 24.5 percent over the previous month to 21,120 MT. However, this was 10.0 percent less than February 2012. Total yearto- date beef exports to Japan were 5.4 percent below a year ago, amounting to 38,085 MT. Japan was Australia’s main beef export market with 28.1 percent of the total. Beef exports to the US during February totaled 17,067 MT. Although this was up 42.8 percent over the previous month, it was down 26.9 percent from February 2012. Year-to-date beef exports to the US totaled 29,015 MT, 17.4 percent less than last year. During February, Australia exported 9,367 MT of beef to South Korea, which was 20.2 percent higher than the previous month but was 2.0 percent lower than February 2012. Year-to-date beef exports to South Korea were 5.4 percent more than last year, amounting to 17,157 MT. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date beef and veal exports equaled 135,680 MT, which was 7.8 percent greater than the corresponding period a year ago.

Australia Lamb & Mutton Exports for February 2013

Source: Department of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry

During February, Australia exported 17,562 MT of lamb. This was 15.4 percent more than January and was 18.6 percent more than February 2012. Lamb exports to the Middle East during February totaled 4,535 MT, which was slightly lower than the previous month but was 59.5 percent higher than February 2012. Year-to-date lamb exports to the Middle East totaled 9,103 MT, 54.5 percent above last year. The Middle East was the largest lamb export market for Australia with 27.8 percent of the total. During February, Australia’s lamb exports to the US rose 20.5 percent over January and 5.1 percent over February 2012 to 4,034 MT. Additionally, this was the highest single month volume since February 2009. Total year-o-date lamb exports to the US equaled 7,381 MT, which was 27.6 percent greater than last year. Australia’s lamb exports to China during February equaled a record 3,412 MT. This was up 26.7 percent over the previous month and was up 43.5 percent over February 2012. Year-to-date lamb exports to China reached 6,106 MT, 54.7 percent more than last year. Overall, Australia’s total yearto- date lamb exports equaled 32,774 MT, 29.6 percent above the same period a year ago. Meanwhile, during February, Australia exported 14,105 MT of mutton, which was 10.0 percent higher than the previous month and was 68.9 percent higher than February 2012. Also, this was the highest monthly volume since March 2009. Mutton exports to the Middle East during February totaled 4,593 MT. This was 4.6 percent more than January and was 30.5 percent more than February 2012. Total year-to-date mutton exports to the Middle East were 36.2 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 8,986 MT. The Middle East was Australia’s largest mutton export market with 33.4 percent of the total. During February, Australia exported 3,790 MT of mutton to China. Although this was down 4.4 percent from the previous month, it was up 399.3 percent over February 2012. Total year-to-date mutton exports to China were 433.7 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 7,755 MT. Mutton exports to the US during February rose 67.4 percent over the previous month and 136.4 percent over February 2012 to 1,175 MT. Also, this was the highest single month volume since October 2010. Year-to-date mutton exports to the US totaled 1,877 MT, 57.9 percent more than last year. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date mutton exports equaled 26,929 MT, which was 73.7 percent greater than the corresponding period a year ago. Additional data on Australia’s red meat exports is available on the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

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