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USDA International Meat Review


05 March 2013

USDA International Meat Review - 28 February 2013USDA International Meat Review - 28 February 2013


USDA International Meat Review

North America

On February 21, the USDA Economic Research Service (ERS) and the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) published the quarterly Outlook for U.S. Agricultural Trade. According to the report, exports of U.S. agricultural products during fiscal year (FY) 2013 are expected to total $142.0 billion, which is down from the November estimate of $145.0 billion. This was 4.6 percent more than 2012. During 2013, exports of livestock products are predicted to total $18.8 billion, up from the November forecast of $18.7 bill ion. Additionally, this is up 1.8 percent over 2012. Exports of beef and veal during 2013 are fore cast at 800,000 MT, unchanged from the prior forecast. The value of beef and veal exports during 2013 is expected to total $5.0 billion, up from the November estimate of $4.8 billion. Expansion in Japan’s market and strong demand in other major markets are expected to offset restrictions by Russia. U.S. pork exports during 2013 are projected to total 1.8 MMT, which is unchanged from the previous estimate. The value of pork exports is expected to total $5 .4 billion, down from the previous forecast of $5.6 billion. During 2013, beef and pork variety meat exports are forecast at 700,000 MT, unchanged from the November estimate. The value of variety meat exports is predicted to total $1.4 billion, also unchanged from the prior forecast. Meanwhile, U.S. imports of agricultural products during FY 2013 are forecast at $112.5 billion, down from the November forecast of $115.0 billion. Also, this is 8.8 percent greater than 2012. The value of imports of livestock and meats is forecast at $10.3 billion, unchanged from the November forecast. This is 6.7 percent higher than 2012. Imports of cattle and calves during 2013 are forecast at 2.0 million head, up from the prior estimate of 1.9 million head. The value of the imports of cattle and calves is expected to total $1.5 billion, up from the previous forecast of $1.3 billion. During 2013, swine imports are forecast at 5.5 million head, unchanged from the November estimate. The value of swine imports is forecast to total $400 million, unchanged from November. Fresh beef and veal imports during 2013 are predicted to equal 800,000 MT, unchanged from the previous forecast. The value of beef and veal imports is pegged at $4.1 billion, the same as the prior estimate. During 2013, fresh, pork imports are expected to total 300,000 MT, down from the November estimate of 400,000 MT. The value is forecast at $1.3 billion, the same as the previous forecast. To view the detailed report, including a world outlook, go to the ERS website at http://www.ers.usda.gov/.

US Cattle on Feed

Source: USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service

On February 22, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released its monthly Cattle on Feed report. According to the numbers, cattle and calves on feed for the U.S. slaughter market for feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head equaled 11.07 million head on February 1, 2013. This was 6.2 percent less than one year ago and was 4.3 percent less than two years ago. During January, 1.88 million head of cattle were placed on feed, which was up 1.6 percent over one year ago but was down slightly from two years ago. More specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds equaled 445,000 head, unchanged from last year. Placements weighing 600 to 699 head were down 8.1 percent from a year ago, amounting to 395,000 head. Placements weighing 700 to 799 pounds totaled 535,000 he ad, which was 1.9 percent more than last year. Finally, placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds were 12.1 percent higher than a year ago, totaling 501,000 head. In the meantime, during February, fed cattle marketings equaled 1.92 million head. This was 5.6 percent more than one year ago and was 8.1 percent more than two years ago. Additionally, according to USDA NASS, cattle and calves on feed in feedlots with a capacity of 1,000 or more head comprised 83.8 percent of all cattle and calves on feed in the U.S. on January 1, 2013, down from 84.0 percent on January 1, 2012. Marketings of fed cattle for feedlots with a capacity of 1,000 or more head during 2012 represented 88.6 percent of all cattle marketed from feedlots in the U.S. This is up from 87.7 percent during 2011. The complete report, which also includes 2012 monthly cattle on feed estimates, as well as the number of feedlots, inventory, and annual marketings by size group for 2011 and 2012, can be found on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

US Lamb, Sheep and Goat Meat Trade Fourth Quarter 2012

Includes fresh, chilled, frozen, carcasses, cuts, bone-in, boneless
Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service/Bureau of Census

Recently, USDA FAS published data for U.S. lamb, sheep and goat meat trade. The numbers include fresh, chilled and frozen product, as well as carcasses, cuts and bone-in and boneless product. According to the numbers, during the fourth quarter of 2012, U.S. exports of lamb and sheep meat totaled 1,255 MT. Although this was up 12.2 percent over the previous quarter, it was down 37.7 percent from a year ago. During the final quarter, lamb and sheep meat exports to Mexico equaled 1,054 MT, which was 19.9 percent higher than the previous quarter and was 14.5 percent higher than a year ago. During 2012, U.S. lamb and sheep meat exports to Mexico equaled 3,095 MT, 2.8 percent more than 2011. Mexico was the primary lamb and sheep meat export market for the U.S. with 66.8 percent of the total. During 2012, the U.S. exported 370 MT of lamb and sheep meat to Canada, which was 34.0 percent less than 2011. Overall, during 2012, U.S. exports of lamb and sheep meat totaled 4,637 MT, which was 42.7 percent below 2011. In the meantime, during the fourth quarter of 2012, U.S. lamb and sheep meat imports rose 7.1 percent over the previous quarter to 16,596 MT. Also, this was up 22.9 percent over a year ago. Lamb and sheep meat imports from Australia during the final quarter equaled 11,987 MT, which was 5.7 percent higher than the previous quarter and was 16.6 percent higher than a year ag o. During 2012, the U.S. imported 43,528 MT of lamb and sheep meat from Australia, which was 4.0 percent more than 2011. Australia was the primary source of U.S. lamb and sheep meat imports with 69.4 percent of the total. During the fourth quarter, U.S. lamb and sheep meat imports from New Zealand rose 11.3 percent over the previous quarter and 45.2 percent over a year ago to 4,519 MT. Total lamb and sheep meat imports from New Zealand during 2012 equaled 18,938 MT, which was 18.8 percent less than 2011. New Zealand was the second leading market with 30.2 percent of the total imports. Overall, during 2012, U.S. total lamb and sheep meat imports were down 4.1 percent from 2011, amounting to 62,734 MT. The decrease was due to weakness in lamb demand due to the economy. Meanwhile, during the final quarter of 2012, U.S. goat meat imports equaled 5,657 MT. This was up 13.7 percent over the previous quarter and was up 57.5 percent over a year ago. U.S. goat meat imports from Australia during the fourth quarter totaled 5,597 MT. This was 18.2 percent higher than the previous quarter and was 57.9 percent higher than year ago. Total goat meat imports from Australia during 2012 equaled 15,459 MT, which was slightly higher than 2011. Australia was the leading supplier of goat meat to the U.S. with 97.6 percent of the total imports. Overall, U.S. total goat meat imports during 2012 equaled 15,833 MT, a little more than 2011. Further data can be found on the FAS website http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

On February 19, USDA NASS released its annual Farms, Land in Farms, and Livestock Operations 2012 Summary. According to the report, in 2012, the number of farms in the U.S. is estimated at 2.2 million, down 11,630 farms from 2011. The number of operations in the U.S. with cattle totaled 915,000, down from 922,000 in 2011. Beef cow operations for 2012 totaled 729,000, down from 734,000 in 2011. In 2011, hog operations in the U.S. totaled 68,300, down from 69,100 operations in 2011. Sheep operations in the U.S. in 2012 totaled 79,500, which was down from 80,000 in 2011. The number of operations with goats in 2012 equaled 149,000, which was lower than 152,000 in 2011. The entire report can be found on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Recently, according to various news sources, the Scientific Commission for the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) notified the USDA that it is recommending the U.S. bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) risk be upgraded from controlled to negligible. This is the lowest risk level in the OIE’s rating system. The upgraded status should help the U.S. to gain access to other markets. This change puts the U.S. in the same category as key exporting nations such as Argentina, Australia and Brazil. Canada and Mexico remain classified as controlled risk for BSE. To view the USDA announcement, visit the website http://www.usda.gov.

Canadian Cattle On Feed in Alberta & Saskatchewan Feedlots

Source: CanFax

Recently, CanFax issued Canada’s current cattle on feed numbers for terminal feedlots with 1,000 or more head in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. According to the data, Canada’s total cattle on feed on February 1, 2013 equaled 893,520 head. This was down 5.2 percent from one year ago and was down 3.9 percent from the five year average. According to CanFax, weaker beef demand during January saw processors struggling to pass on higher beef prices to retailers. During January, 69,526 head of cattle were placed on feed. This was 27.4 percent less than one year ago and was 31.0 percent less than the five year average. The number of steers placed on feed equaled 41,394 head, which accounted for 59.5 percent of the total. Heifers placed on feed equaled 28,132 head. More specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds totaled 13,882 head, which was 9.0 percent higher than a year ago. Placements of feeder cattle weighing 600 to 699 pounds were up 1.3 percent over a year ago, totaling 11,903 head. Placements weighing 700 to 799 pounds declined 38.1 percent from last year to 18,561 head. Finally, placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds equaled 25,180 head, which was 39.0 percent lower than a year ago. In the meantime, during February, Canada’s fed cattle marketings totaled 130,802 head. This was down 7.7 percent from one year ago and was down 14.4 percent from the five year average. This was the lowest cattle marketings since the report began in 2000. To obtain the complete report, go to the CanFax website at http://www.canfax.ca/.

Pacific Rim

South Korea Red Meat Imports
Beef Imports for January 2013

Source: Korea International Trade Association

The Korea International Trade Association (KITA) recently published South Korea’s beef and pork import data for January 2013. According to the statistics, during January, South Korea imported 31,041 MT of beef, which was 55.4 percent more than the previous month and was 40.4 percent more than January 2012 due to South Korea’s preparation for Lunar New Year. This was the highest single month volume since August 2011. More specifically, frozen beef imports equaled 26,889 MT, which comprised 86.6 percent of the total imports. Fresh, chilled beef imports equaled 4,153 MT. Beef imports from Australia during January rose 14.8 percent over the previous month and 42.5 percent over January 2012. Additionally, this was the highest monthly volume since January 2008. Australia was the main beef import market for South Korea with 48.3 percent of the total. During January, South Korea imported 12,794 MT of beef from the U.S., which was 169.6 percent greater than the previous month an d was 43.0 percent greater than a year ago. Also, this was the largest single month volume since December 2003. Beef imports from New Zealand during January totaled 2,916 MT, which was up 43.8 percent over the previous month and was up 30.1 percent over a year ago. In the meantime, during January, South Korea imported 34,311 MT of pork. This was 50.4 percent more than the previous month but was 9.9 percent less than a year ago. Pork imports from the U.S. during January equaled 15,363 MT, which was up 203.6 percent over the previous month and was up 9.1 percent over a year ago. Additionally, this was the largest single month volume since July 2011. The U.S. was the leading pork import market for South Korea with 44.8 percent of the total. During January, South Korea imported 3,700 MT of pork from Canada. This was 19.4 percent less than the previous month and was 33.6 percent less than a year ago. South Korea’s pork imports from Chile during January rose 49.8 percent over the previous month an d 23.5 percent over a year ago to 3,400 MT. To obtain additional data on South Korea’s red meat trade, visit the KITA website at http://www.kita.org/.

Japan's Beef Imports for December 2012

*Includes cheek, head & cooked meats.
Source: Japan's Agriculture & Livestock Industries Corporation

Recently, Japan’s Agriculture and Livestock Industries Corporation (ALIC) published Japan’s red meat import data for December 2012 and for the year-end. According to the numbers, during December, Japan imported 36,521 MT of beef. This was down 10.4 percent from November and was down 20.0 percent from December 2011. More specifically, frozen beef imports totaled 20,364 MT, which was 7.4 percent lower than the previous month and was 25.2 percent lower than December 2011. Likewise, fresh, chilled beef imports were 14.0 percent lower than the previous month and were 12.4 percent lower than December 2011, amounting to 16,109 MT. During 2012, Japan’s total frozen beef imports equaled 301,760 MT, which accounted for 55.8 percent of the total; while fresh, chilled beef imports equaled 212,407 MT. During December, Japan’s beef imports from Australia fell 3.9 percent from the previous month and 17.8 percent from December 2011 to 24,772 MT. During 2012, Japan’s total beef imports from Australia equaled 318,905 MT, which was 6.0 percent below 2011. Australia was the main provider of beef to Japan with 62.0 percent of the total imports. Beef imports from the U. S. during December equaled 7,758 MT. This was 26.1 percent less than the previous month and was 28.1 percent less than December 2011. Also, this was the lowest single month volume since February 2011. Japan’s beef imports from the U. S. during 2012 were 9.4 percent more than 2011, amounting to 131,916 MT. The U.S. market share was 25.6 percent. During December, Japan imported 2,088 MT of beef from New Zealand, which was 39.9 percent more than the previous month but was 4.9 percent less than December 2011. During 2012, Japan imported 31,419 MT of beef from New Zealand, which was 5.6 percent more than 2011. Overall, Japan’s total beef imports during 2012 equaled 514,710 MT, slightly less than 2011. During November, Japan’s beef marketings totaled 78,550 MT, which was 1.3 percent lower than then the previous month and was 2.2 percent lower than a year ago. Marketings of imported beef equaled 43,1 36 MT, 4.8 percent less than a year ago. Marketings of domestic beef equaled 35,414 MT, 1.3 percent more than a year ago. Japan’s beef stocks at the end of November equaled 106,695 MT. Although this was down 2.2 percent from the previous month, it was up 10.1 percent over a year ago. Imported beef stocks were 10.0 percent more than a year ago, amounting to 90,487 MT. Domestic beef stocks were 10.9 percent higher than a year ago, totaling 16,208 MT.

Japan's Pork Imports for December 2012

*Includes edible offal.
Source: Japan's Agriculture & Livestock Industries Corporation

During December, Japan imported 59,186 MT of pork. This was down 7.4 percent from the previous month and was down 12.4 percent from December 2011. Specifically, imports of frozen pork totaled 36,775 MT, which was 8.7 percent lower than the previous month and was 22.4 percent lower than December 2011. Imports of fresh, chilled pork totaled 22,406 MT, which was 5.2 percent lower than the previous month but was 11.4 percent higher than December 2011. During 2012, Japan’s total frozen pork imports equaled 517,581 MT, which accounted for 62.1 percent of the total; while fresh, chilled pork imports equaled 260,562 MT. During December, Japan’s pork imports from the U.S. fell 13.9 percent from November and fell 16.1 percent from December 2011 to 22,061 MT. Also, this was the lowest single month volume since October 2 010. During 2012, Japan’s pork imports from the U.S. were 3.1 percent less than 2011, amounting to 313,751 MT. The U.S. was the leading supplier of pork to Japan with 40.3 percent of the total imports. Japan’s pork imports from Canada during December equaled 13,755 MT, which was down 1.7 percent from the previous month and was down 18.6 percent from December 2011. Total imports from Canada during 2012 equaled 172,499 MT, slightly less than 2011. During 2012, Japan imported 116,741 MT of pork from Denmark, which was 10.7 percent lower than 2011. Overall, Japan’s total pork imports during 2012 equaled 778,246 MT, which was 1.8 percent below 2011. Japan’s pork marketings during November equaled 151,186 MT, which was down 2.1 percent from the previous month but was little changed from a year ago. Imported pork marketings totaled 67,755 MT, which was 3.9 percent less than a year ago. Domestic pork marketings totaled 83,431 MT, which was 3.0 percent higher than last year. At the end of November, Japan’s pork stocks equaled 176,919 MT, which was 2.1 percent lower than the previous month but was 5.0 percent higher than a year ago. Imported pork stocks totaled 156,134 MT, 6.2 percent more than a year ago. Domestic pork stocks were 3.6 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 20,785 MT. Additional data on Japan’s red meat trade can be found on the ALIC website at http://lin.alic.go.jp/alic/sta tis/dome/data2/e_nstatis.htm.

March 2013

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