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USDA International Meat Review


16 October 2012

USDA International Meat Review - 11 October 2012USDA International Meat Review - 11 October 2012


USDA International Meat Review

Trade Highlights

US Red Meat Imports Excluding Variety Meats
Beef & Veal Imports for August 2012

*The year-to-date totals do not include variety meats.
Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service/U.S. Census Bureau

Recently, the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) published U.S. red meat import data for August 2012. According to the numbers, U.S. beef and veal imports during August totaled 61,260 MT. This was 5.3 percent lower than July and was 3.4 percent lower than August 2011. Specifically, fresh, chilled beef imports equaled 24,506 MT, which was 4.8 percent higher than the previous month but was 16.4 percent lower than August 2011. Frozen beef imports equaled 34,486 MT, which was 10.3 percent lower than the previous month but was 9.1 percent higher than August 2011. During August, the U.S. imported 18,470 MT of beef from Australia, which was up 14.2 percent over the previous month. Total year-to-date beef imports from Australia equaled 151,022 MT, 51.7 percent greater than a year ago. Australia was the largest provider of beef to the U.S. with 27.7 percent of the total imports. Imports of beef from Canada during August rose 10.6 percent over the previous month to 15,554 MT. Year-to-date beef imports from Canada were 9.5 percent less than last year, amounting to 142,133 MT. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date beef and veal imports equaled 544,824 MT, which was 13.0 percent above the same period a year ago.

US Red Meat Imports Excluding Variety Meats
Pork Imports for August 2012

*The year-to-date totals do not include variety meats.
Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service/U.S. Census Bureau

During August, the U.S. imported 29,856 MT of pork. This was up a little over the previous month and was up 1.0 percent over August 2011. Imports of fresh, chilled pork equaled 19,620 MT, which was 5.5 percent higher than the previous month and was 2.2 percent higher than August 2011. Imports of frozen pork equaled 6,140 MT, which was 17.1 percent lower than the previous month and was 6.4 percent lower than August 2011. Pork imports from Canada during August rose 3.8 percent over the previous month to 24,404 MT. Total year-to-date pork imports from Canada were 1.1 percent higher than last year, amounting to 184,102 MT. Canada was the main supplier of pork to the U.S. with 79.7 percent of the total imports. During August, the U.S. imported 2,275 MT of pork from Denmark, which was down 28.9 percent from July. Year-to-date pork imports from Denmark equaled 22,374 MT, 2.8 percent less than a year ago. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date pork imports equaled 230,992 MT, which was 2.5 percent more than the same period a year ago. Additional U.S. trade data can be found on the FAS website http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

North America

According to recent data from the USDA Livestock and Grain Market News (LGMN), through the end of September 2012, the U.S. imported 1,078,317 head of feeder cattle from Mexico. This was 17.7 percent more than the same period in 2011 and was 47.2 percent more than 2010. The significant increase was due to tight feed supplies, weaker demand in Mexico and higher prices in the U.S. market. However, weather conditions in Mexico, which impact grazing options, this fall, will determine if the higher trend continues. In the meantime, according to data from the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), as reported by USDA LGMN, through September 15, 2012, U.S. imports of feeder cattle from Canada totaled 106,575 head. This was 67.6 percent greater than 2011. On the other hand, imports of slaughter steers and heifers decreased 7.9 percent from a year ago to 264,125 head. The decrease is partially the result of heifer retention in Canada leaving fewer heifers for export to the U.S. Slaughter cow and bull imports totaled 141,877 head, which was 9.0 percent higher than last year. During the same time frame, the U.S. imported 3,368,527 head of feeder pigs from Canada. This was up a little over a year ago. Slaughter hog imports were 12.0 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 625,641 head, as Canada’s producers culled breeding stock between 2008 and 2011, leaving fewer hogs for export to the U.S. The weekly reports are available on the AMS website at http://www.ams.usda.gov/LSMarketNews.

US Quarterly Hogs & Pigs Inventory
As of September 1, 2012

Source: USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service

On September 28, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) published its quarterly Hogs and Pigs report. According to the numbers, the U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs totaled 67.47 million head on September 1, 2012. This was 2.6 percent higher than the previous quarter and was slightly higher than a year ago. The breeding herd equaled 5.79 million head, which was down 1.3 percent from the previous quarter and was down a little from a year ago. The number of market hogs and pigs increased 3.0 percent over the previous quarter to 61.68 million head. Additionally, this was slightly higher than a year ago. More specifically, market hogs and pigs weighing less than 50 pounds totaled 19.65 million head, which was up a little over the previous quarter but was down a little from a year ago. The number of market hogs and pigs weighing 50 to 119 pounds equaled 17.68 million head. This was slightly more than the previous quarter but was 1.2 percent less than last year. Market hogs and pigs weighing 120 to 179 pounds were 5.7 percent higher than the previous quarter and were slightly higher than a year ago, totaling 12.90 million head. Market hogs and pigs weighing more than 180 pounds increased 8.0 percent over the previous quarter and 4.5 percent over a year ago to 11.46 million head.

US Quarterly Pigs Per Litter

Sows farrowed during the June to August time period totaled 2.89 million head, which was 1.2 percent lower than a year ago. This accounted for 50.0 percent of the total breeding herd. During the same time, the pig crop equaled 29.29 million head, nearly unchanged from a year ago. The number of pigs per litter totaled a record 10.13 head, compared to 10.03 a year ago. Iowa was the main hog producing state with 19.70 million head, which was 4.2 percent more than last year. This accounted for 29.2 percent of the total inventory. The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head accounted for 47 percent of the total U.S. hog inventory, up from 46 percent last year. The complete report can be found on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Oceania

Australia Beef & Veal Exports for September 2012

Source: Department of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry

Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) recently published Australia’s September 2012 red meat export data. According to the statistics, during September, Australia exported 79,935 MT of beef and veal. This was down 1.6 percent from the previous month and was down 2.5 percent from September 2011. More specifically, exports of frozen beef totaled 58,396 MT, which accounted for 73.1 percent of the total. Exports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 21,540 MT. During September, Australia’s beef exports to Japan fell 20.4 percent from August and 20.1 percent from September 2011 to 22,647 MT. During the first three quarters of the year, Australia exported 232,998 MT of beef to Japan, which was 6.3 percent less than a year ago. Japan was the leading beef export market for Australia with 33.6 percent of the total. During September, Australia exported 17,854 MT of beef to the U.S. This was 6.4 percent higher than the previous month and was 42.2 percent higher than September 2011. Year-to-date beef exports to the U.S. equaled 169,854 MT, 38.2 percent above last year. Beef exports to South Korea during September totaled 11,751 MT. Although this was up 5.5 percent over the previous month, it was down 3.0 percent from September 2011. During the first three quarters of the year, Australia exported 82,202 MT of beef to South Korea, which was 24.7 percent less than a year ago. Overall, during the first three quarters of 2012, Australia’s total beef and veal exports were nearly unchanged from the same period a year ago, amounting to 693,360 MT.

Australia Lamb & Mutton Exports for September 2012

Source: Department of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry

During September, Australia exported 14,036 MT of lamb. This was down 12.2 percent from the previous month and was down 7.8 percent from September 2011. During September, Australia’s lamb exports to the Middle East totaled 4,244 MT. This was 14.3 percent lower than the previous month but was 43.6 percent higher than a year ago. Total year-to-date lamb exports to the Middle East were 47.8 percent greater than last year, amounting to 36,503 MT. The increase was because of strong demand and lower prices. The Middle East was the main lamb export market for Australia with 27.1 percent of the total. Lamb exports to the U.S. during September fell 1.1 percent from the previous month to 2,654 MT. Also, this was 20.2 percent less than September 2011. During the first three quarters of the year, lamb exports to the U.S. totaled 26,758 MT, 2.7 percent higher than a year ago. Year-to-date lamb exports to China were 30.7 percent more than last year, amounting to 20,647 MT. Overall, Australia’s lamb exports during the first three quarters of 2012 totaled 134,867 MT, which was 13.7 percent above the corresponding period a year ago. In the meantime, during September, Australia exported 8,952 MT of mutton. This was 28.6 percent higher than the previous month and was 13.7 percent higher than September 2011. Australia’s mutton exports to the Middle East during September fell 5.4 percent from August to 3,291 MT. However, this was up 7.5 percent over September 2011. During the first three quarters of the year, Australia’s mutton exports to the Middle East were 16.7 percent above a year ago, amounting to 32,590 MT. The Middle East was Australia’s leading mutton export market with 48.8 percent of the total. During September, Australia exported 1,862 MT of mutton to China. This was 292.8 percent higher than the previous month and was 177.1 percent higher than September 2011. Year-to-date mutton exports to China equaled 5,974 MT, 104.8 percent more than last year. Mutton exports to the U.S. during September totaled 1,065 MT, which was up 13.3 percent over the previous month and was up 79.3 percent over September 2011. Also, this was the highest single month volume since December 2010. Total year-to-date mutton exports to the U.S. were 70.8 percent higher than a year ago, amounting to 5,275 MT. Overall, Australia’s total mutton exports during the first three quarters of 2012 equaled 66,770 MT, which was 19.9 percent greater than the same period a year ago. To obtain additional data on Australia’s exports, visit the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

Australia's Beef and Veal Exports


Australia's Lamb and Mutton Exports

According to recent data from Australia’s DAFF, during the third quarter of 2012, Australia’s goat meat exports totaled 7,889 MT, the highest third quarter volume on record. This was up 42.1 percent over the previous quarter and was up 15.2 percent over a year ago. During the third quarter, Australia exported 5,009 MT of goat meat to the U.S., which was 51.2 percent more than the previous quarter and was 18.2 percent more than a year ago. Total year-to-date goat meat exports to the U.S. equaled 10,755 MT, which was 12.1 percent below a year ago. The U.S. was the main destination for Australia’s goat meat exports with 56.1 percent of the total. During the third quarter, Australia exported 1,114 MT of goat meat to Taiwan. This was 39.1 percent higher than the previous month and was 12.0 percent higher than a year ago. During the first three quarters of the year, Australia’s goat meat exports to Taiwan were 6.7 percent less than last year, totaling 2,604 MT. Taiwan was Australia’s second largest goat meat export market with 13.6 percent of the total. Australia’s goat meat exports to the Caribbean during the third quarter rose 65.5 percent over the previous quarter to 740 MT. Also, this was up 44.5 percent over a year ago. Total year-to-date goat meat exports to the Caribbean equaled 2,231 MT, 17.3 percent more than a year ago. Goat meat exports to Canada during the third quarter totaled 361 MT. This was 93.0 percent higher than the previous quarter but was 21.9 percent lower than a year ago. Year-to-date goat meat exports to Canada were 11.3 percent more than last year, amounting to 1,261 MT. Overall, Australia’s total goat meat exports during the first three quarters of 2012 equaled 19,186 MT, which was 1.9 percent less than the corresponding period a year ago. Additional data can be found on the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

Australia's Total Goat Meat Exports

New Zealand’s Beef + Lamb New Zealand (B+LNZ) recently released New Season Outlook 2012-13. According to the report, for the year ended June 30, 2012, lamb exports declined 3.5 percent from a year ago to 253,900 MT. The EU accounted for 42.8 percent of the total exports, which is down 15.1 percent from a year ago. North Asia, which includes China, was the second largest market with 24.1 percent of the total exports. Lamb exports to North Asia were up 20.5 percent over a year ago and exports to the Middle East were up 24.5 percent over a year ago. Conversely, lamb exports to North America were down 18.1 percent from a year ago due to reduced supply in New Zealand. Specifically, lamb exports to the U.S. were 17.4 percent lower than a year ago. Lamb exports during 2012- 13 are estimated to total 282,000 MT, which is up 4.1 percent over the previous year. Meanwhile, North America accounted for 51.0 percent of New Zealand’s beef exports for the year ended June 30, 2012. Most of the product exported to North America is manufactured beef. North Asia is the second largest market with 26.0 percent, with exports including higher valued beef. Beef exports to South Asia decreased 3.3 percent from a year ago, while beef exports to the EU decreased 7.4 percent from a year ago. Beef exports during 2012-13 are estimated to total 360,000 MT, which is 5.0 percent higher than the previous year. To obtain the entire report, visit the B+LNZ at http://www.beeflambnz.com/.

Trade Highlights

USDA FAS recently released Livestock and Products Annual for 2012 for the country of Japan. The report includes an executive summary; production, supply and demand statistics; and market outlooks. To view the complete report, go the FAS Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) at http://gain.fas.usda.gov/.

October 2012

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