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USDA International Meat Review


11 May 2012

USDA International Meat Review - 10th May 2012USDA International Meat Review - 10th May 2012

Recently, the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) released US red meat export and import data for March 2012.
USDA International Meat Review

Trade Highlights

According to the statistics, during March, US exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meats equaled 89,809 MT. Although this was 3.1 percent more than the previous month, it was 23.3 percent less than March 2011. More specifically, fresh, chilled beef exports totaled 28,485 MT, which was 3.5 percent higher than the previous month but was 11.0 percent lower than March 2011. Likewise, frozen beef exports were 11.0 percent higher than the previous month but were 27.8 percent lower than March 2011, totaling 33,013 MT. During March, the US exported 25,208 MT of beef variety meats. This was down 7.1 percent from the previous month and was down 30.5 percent from March 2011. During the first quarter of 2011, total beef variety meat exports equaled 81,168 MT, which was 7.2 percent less than last year. Egypt was the largest market for beef variety meat exports with 31.8 percent, or 25,806 MT. During March, US beef exports to Mexico totaled 17,655 MT, which was 3.1 percent lower than the previous month. During the first quarter of the year, total beef exports to Mexico were 12.7 percent below a year ago, amounting to 55,725 MT. Mexico was the primary US beef export market with 20.9 percent of the total. Beef exports to Canada during March rose 11.1 percent over the previous month to 12,762 MT. Year-to-date beef exports to Canada totaled 36,834 MT, nearly unchanged from a year ago. During March, the US exported 10,687 MT of beef to South Korea, which was down 4.2 percent from the previous month. Total year-to-date beef exports to South Korea were 36.3 percent less than last year, amounting to 33,537 MT. Overall, during the first quarter of 2012, US total beef and veal and beef variety meat exports equaled 266,391 MT, which was 10.2 percent below the same period a year ago.

During March, US exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats totaled 196,113 MT. This was 6.0 percent more than the previous month but was 8.2 percent less than March 2011. More specifically, fresh, chilled pork exports equaled 58,286 MT, which was unchanged from the previous month but was 24.7 percent higher than March 2011. Frozen pork exports equaled 89,406 MT, which was 8.7 percent higher than the previous month but was 9.0 percent lower than a year ago. During March, the US exported 34,941 MT of pork variety meats. This was up 3.6 percent over February but was down 28.3 percent from March 2011. During the first quarter of 2012, US pork variety meat exports totaled 108,870 MT, 11.5 percent below a year ago. Mexico was the largest buyer of US pork variety meats with 40.4 percent, or 44,026MT. US pork exports to Mexico during March totaled 48,152 MT. This was down 6.5 percent from the previous month. During the first quarter, total pork exports to Mexico were 16.8 percent greater than last year, amounting to 158,887 MT. Mexico was the primary US pork export market with 27.0 percent of the total. US pork exports to Japan during March equaled 42,569 MT, which was 10.2 percent more than the previous month. Year-to-date pork exports to Japan totaled 122,875 MT, 1.2 percent higher than last year. Pork exports to China during March rose 6.6 percent over the previous month to 27,090 MT. Year-to-date pork exports to China reached 87,579 MT, 49.8 percent above last year. Overall, during the first quarter of 2012, US exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats totaled 589,422 MT, 8.1 percent more than the same period a year ago. Additional US trade data is available on the FAS website http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

North America

CanFax recently published Canada’s current cattle on feed numbers for terminal feedlots with 1,000 or more head in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. According to the numbers, Canada’s total cattle on feed on April 1, 2012 equaled 968,626 head. This was down 2.9 percent from one year ago and was down 6.4 percent from two years ago. Furthermore, this was the smallest April 1 cattle on feed number since 2009. During March, the number of cattle placed on feed fell 16.3 percent from one year ago and fell 27.1 percent from two years ago to 163,914 head. Steers placed on feed totaled 112,988 head, which accounted for 68.9 percent of the total. Heifers placed on feed totaled 50,926 head. Specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds equaled 13,874 head, which was 40.6 percent less than last year. Placements weighing 600 to 699 pounds totaled 21,502 head, 20.9 percent higher than a year ago. Placements of feeder cattle weighing 700 to 799 pounds were down 9.2 percent from a year ago, totaling 50,450 head. Finally, placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds equaled 78,088 head, down 21.1 percent from last year. Meanwhile, Canada’s fed cattle marketings equaled 134,212 head, which was 6.7 percent higher than one year ago but was 21.1 percent lower than two years ago. To view the entire report, visit the CanFax website at http://www.canfax.ca/.

Statistics Canada recently published Canada’s quarterly Hog Statistics report. According to the data, Canada’s hog and pig inventory on April 1, 2012 equaled 12.04 million head. This was nearly unchanged from the previous quarter but was up 1.8 percent over a year ago, an increase for the second consecutive year. Canada’s breeding inventory was unchanged from the previous quarter and from a year ago at 1.31 million head. Sows and bred gilts totaled 1.29 million head. This was also unchanged from the previous quarter and from last year. In Eastern Canada, the hog and pig inventory totaled 6.91 million head, which was little changed from the previous quarter but was up slightly over a year ago. In Western Canada, the hog and pig inventory totaled 5.14 million head, which was up slightly over the previous quarter and was up 3.3 percent over a year ago. On April 1, Canada’s pig inventory equaled 10.73 million head, which was a little higher than the previous quarter and was 2.0 percent higher than last year. Sows farrowed during the first quarter of 2012 totaled 709,100 head. This was up 1.0 percent over a year ago and accounted for 54.1 percent of the total breeding herd. The number of pigs born during the first quarter increased 2.4 percent over a year ago to 7.84 million head. Canada’s hog slaughter during the first quarter of 2012 equaled 5.20 million head. This was nearly unchanged from one year ago but was down 3.3 percent from two years ago. The complete report can be found on the Statistics Canada website at http://www.statcan.gc.ca/.

On April 26, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) published its quarterly US and Canadian Hogs report. According to the data, the US and Canadian inventory of all hogs and pigs for March 2012 equaled 76.91 million head. This was 1.9 percent higher than one year ago and was 2.3 percent higher than two years ago. The number of sows farrowed increased 1.0 percent over a year ago to 3.59 million head. However, this was slightly lower than two years ago. The combined pig crop totaled 35.95 million head, which was 2.5 percent more than one year ago and was 3.2 percent more than two years ago. The complete report can be found on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

On April 29, USDA NASS released its annual Meat Animals, Production, Disposition, and Income 2011 Summary report. According to the publication, in 2011, U.S. total gross income from cattle and calves, and hogs and pigs totaled $85.2 billion, which was up 21.8 percent over 2010. Gross income from cattle and calves in 2011 was up 22.2 percent over the previous year, amounting to $63.4 billion. During 2011, gross income from hogs and pigs rose 20.7 percent over 2010 to $21.7 billion. Cattle and calf production during 2011 equaled 41.6 billion pounds, which was little changed from 2010. During 2011, hog and pig production increased 1.8 percent over the previous year to 31.0 billion pounds. During 2011, marketings of cattle and calves equaled 56.1 billion pounds, 1.3 percent more than 2010. Marketings of hogs and pigs during 2011 increased 1.1 percent over the previous year to 31.8 billion pounds. During 2011, the U.S. annual price per 100 pounds live weight for cattle and calves equaled $112.09, which was up from $92.87 in 2010. The average price for hogs and pigs in 2011 was $68.22, up from $57.12 in 2010. The entire report, which also includes information on cash receipts, inventories, births, deaths and home consumption, is available on the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Oceania

Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) recently published Australia’s red meat export data for April 2012. According to the numbers, during April, Australia’s beef and veal exports equaled 71,937 MT, which was 13.7 percent lower than the previous month and was 2.5 percent lower than April 2011. More specifically, exports of frozen been totaled 51,604 MT, which comprised 71.7 percent of the total. Exports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 20,333 MT. During April, Australia exported 24,692 MT of beef to Japan. This was down 1.3 percent from March and was down 6.4 percent from April 2011 due to slow beef demand and adequate supplies of domestic product in Japan. Year-to-date beef exports to Japan were 14.3 percent below a year ago, amounting to 89,975 MT. Japan was Australia’s leading beef export market with 32.0 percent of the total. Beef exports to the US during April fell 28.5 percent from the previous month to 19,154 MT. However, this was up 44.6 percent over April 2011. Total year-to-date pork exports to the US equaled 81,054 MT, 67.5 percent greater than last year. During April, Australia’s beef exports to South Korea equaled 7,542 MT, which was 4.8 percent less than the previous month and was 31.1 percent less than April 2011. Year-to-date pork exports to South Korea were 37.2 percent lower than last year, totaling 31,741 MT. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date beef and veal exports equaled 281,182 MT, which was slightly higher than the same period a year ago.

Australia’s lamb exports during April fell 10.6 percent from the previous month to 14,219 MT. However, this was 13.5 percent higher than April 2011. Lamb exports to the Middle East during April totaled 4,094 MT. This was 9.8 percent more than March and was 103.4 percent more than April 2011. Total year-to-date lamb exports to the Middle East were 53.6 percent greater than last year, amounting to 13,713 MT. The Middle East was Australia’s largest lamb export market with 24.7 percent of the total exports. During April, Australia exported 2,647 MT of lamb to the US This was down 25.6 percent from the previous month and was down 22.2 percent from April 2011. Year-to-date lamb exports to the US totaled 11,989 MT, slightly less than last year. During April, Australia exported 2,101 MT of lamb to China, which was down 12.7 percent from the previous month but was up 13.9 percent over a year ago. Total year-to-date lamb exports to China reached 8,454 MT, 31.9 percent above the same period a year ago. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date lamb exports equaled 55,409 MT, 18.9 percent greater than the same period last year due to increased supplies. Meanwhile, during April, Australia’s mutton exports totaled 6,607 MT. This was 18.7 percent lower than March but was 32.8 percent higher than April 2011. Mutton exports to the Middle East during April fell 1.8 percent from the previous month to 3,751 MT. However, this was up 38.1 percent over April 2011. Total year-to-date mutton exports to the Middle East were 6.7 percent higher than last year, amounting to 14,172 MT. The Middle East was Australia’s primary mutton export market with 46.9 percent of the total. During April, Australia exported 373 MT of mutton to China, which was down 28.3 percent from the previous month but was up 87.4 percent over April 2011. Total year-to-date mutton exports to China were 61.2 percent more than last year, amounting to 2,346 MT. Mutton exports to the US during April equaled 208 MT, which was 40.6 percent less than the previous month but was 58.8 percent more than April 2011. Year-to-date mutton exports to the US totaled 1,747 MT, 9.6 percent below last year. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date mutton exports equaled 30,233 MT, 10.9 percent higher than the same period a year ago. To obtain additional data on Australia’s red meat exports, visit the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

South America

Recently, Argentina’s National Service of Health, Food and Agriculture Quality (SENASA) published Argentina’s beef export numbers for the first quarter of 2012. The figures include fresh beef, offals, processed beef and Hilton cuts. During the first quarter of 2012, Argentina’s beef exports totaled 58,937 MT. This was up a little over the previous quarter but was down 15.3 percent from a year ago. Argentina’s beef exports to Russia during the first quarter equaled 13,586 MT. This was 38.0 percent higher than the previous quarter and was 14.6 percent higher than a year ago. Russia was Argentina’s leading beef export market with 23.1 percent of the total. During the first quarter, Argentina exported 8,183 MT of beef to Hong Kong, which was 8.9 percent lower than the previous quarter and was 10.5 percent lower than last year. Hong Kong was Argentina’s second largest beef export market with 13.9 percent of the total. Beef exports to Israel during the first quarter were 86.7 percent more than the previous quarter but were 32.2 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 6,214 MT. During the first quarter, Argentina exported 6,142 MT of beef to Chile. This was down 27.5 percent from the previous quarter but was up 34.6 percent over a year ago. Beef exports to the US during the first quarter fell 75.5 percent from the previous quarter and 87.7 percent from a year ago to 277 MT. During the first quarter of 2012, Argentina’s main fresh meat market was Chile with 26.4 percent of the total exports. Russia was the leading offal export market with 32.6 percent of the total. Argentina’s largest processed beef export market was the UK with 23.5 percent of the total. The main Hilton cut export market was Germany with 64.8 percent of the total. Of Argentina’s total beef exports during the first quarter of 2012, exports of offals accounted for 46.4 percent of the total, fresh beef comprised 39.5 percent of the total, Hilton cuts accounted for 9.1 percent of the total, and processed beef exports made up 5.1 percent of Argentina’s total exports.

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