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TheMeatSite Newsletter - 4 July 2012

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Wednesday 4th July 2012
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Welcome to this week's newsletter

Editorial: World Trade Organisation Rules on US COOL Laws

On Friday, the World Trade Organisation Appellate Body delivered its settlement on the dispute between Canada and Mexico and the US over its Country of Origin Labelling measures.

The WTO body found that the US has been discriminating against Canada and Mexico by putting unnecessary obstacles in the way of trade in pork and beef.

However, the finding also ruled that the COOL regulations are a legitimate tool to inform consumers of the origins of the products they are buying.

The decision has been welcomed by all sides as the US Trade Representative Ron Kirk said: "We are pleased with today's ruling, which affirmed the United States' right to adopt labeling requirements that provide information to American consumers about the meat they buy."

While the Canadian International Trade Parliamentary Secretary Gerald Keddy said: "We are very pleased with today's decision.

"We will continue to engage with our US partners to ensure trade can move more freely and benefit producers and processors on both sides of the border."

Canadian Meat Council President Ray Price said: “The Canadian and US beef and pork production and processing sectors are critical components of an integrated North American red meat industry that provides a broad selection of high quality, safe and nutritious food products to consumers both at home and in other countries.

"The imposition of bureaucratic, costly and unnecessary obstacles that make no contribution to food safety and are of little or no benefit to consumers jeopardises North American competitiveness in the global marketplace and weakens economic growth, investment and job opportunities on farms and in meat processing facilities across Canada and the United States.

"Now that the WTO Appellate Body has announced its decision, we expect the United States to quickly bring its meat labelling regulations and practices into full conformity with international obligations.”

National Cattlemen's Beef Association (NCBA) Vice President Bob McCan said: “The World Trade Organisation has been extremely clear that mandatory Country of Origin Labeling is a clear WTO violation. This most recent decision is very similar to the initial ruling made more than seven months ago. Instead of working diligently to bring the United States into WTO compliance, we wasted three months and taxpayer dollars on an appeal process. This did nothing more than jeopardise our strong trade relationship with Canada and Mexico, the two largest importers of US beef. The Obama Administration prolonged an issue that could have been resolved quickly.

The Canadian Pork Council President Jean Guy Vincent said: "The Appellate Body has found that ‘the regulatory distinctions imposed by the COOL measure amount to arbitrary and unjustifiable discrimination against imported livestock, such that they cannot be said to be applied in an even –handed manner’. After all this time and after so much damage to our interests, this is such sweet music to our ears."

While in the US, the National Pork Producers Council said it will urge the US government to comply with a World Trade Organiation decision and will work to promote harmonisation of the North American hog market.

“We believed when it was being debated in Congress that MCOOL would be an unnecessary burden to trade,” said NPPC President R.C. Hunt.

“We have maintained that belief consistently from the outset, and we will be working to achieve US compliance with today’s WTO decision.”

In the UK, a new report into the British pig meat industry calls for an integrated pig meat supply chain.

The report says that at present pig producers and processors struggle to sell their products at a profit and utilise their production capacity.

This discourages productive investment and entrenches the UK pig industry's disadvantage compared to foreign competitors, the report says.

It also encourages a worsening of pay and conditions for the work force, and undermines job security.

The report Bringing Home the Bacon from researchers from the University of Manchester Centre for Research on Socio-Cultural Change says the system is economically unnecessary because there is a better way, which delivers on broader economic and social objectives.

In the US, the USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) is to step up its residue testing in meat.

Later this summer, the Department will launch a new approach to its testing to protect the public from exposure to harmful levels of chemical residues in meat, poultry, and egg products.

"The new testing methods will help protect consumers from illegal drug residues in meat products," USDA Under Secretary for Food Safety Dr Elisabeth Hagen said.

And in the EU, the European Food Safety Authority’s (EFSA) scientific opinion suggests that traditional poultry meat inspection may not suffice to fully address the most relevant biological hazards to public health: Campylobacter spp., Salmonella spp. and ESBL/AmpC gene-carrying bacteria.

Chris Harris



* This Week's Feature Articles

We have 4 new features this week:

Individual Factors Associated with L- and H-Type BSE in France
In what they believe is the first study of atypical cases of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) in France, researchers based in Lyon found that the cases were detected in animals much older than for the classical form of the disease.
Risk Factors for Campylobacter in Broiler Flocks at Slaughter
Based on the results of a survey, factors that affect the likelihood of Campylobacter colonisation of broilers include partial depopulation of the flock (‘thinning’), season, age and flock mortality, according to new research from the UK. Transportation time to the abattoir appeared to have a small protective effect against colonisation.
Effect of Sorghum DDGS on Ground Pork Quality
The fatty acid profile of pork was affected by the level of sorghum dried distillers grains with solubles (S-DDGS) in the finishing diet, according to researchers from Kansas State University, but there were no significant effects of these differences on ground pork quality.
Private Industry Invests Heavily into Agricultural Productivity
Private sector firms are becoming leaders in developing new innovations in agriculture, according to Keith Fuglie, Paul Heisey, John King and David Schimmelpfennig for the USDA Economic Research Service, writing in Amber Waves.
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 » UK Poultry Meat: Production 119,000 Tonnes in May 2012
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 » USDA Egg Products: Shell Eggs Broken Up 5 Percent from Last Year
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 » USDA International Egg and Poultry: Brazil Files Dispute Against South Africa on Poultry Meat
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* Company News

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* Global Meat Industry News

   United States

 » Dairy Product Prices Up
 » CME: Growing Productivity in US Pork Industry
 » $140 Million Settlement Agreed in Dean Antitrust Case
 » Organic Compounds Eliminate Pathogens
 » NCBA Comments on WTO Ruling on COOL
 » NPPC Asks US to Abide by WTO MCOOL Ruling
 » Cattle Outlook: Beef Carcase Cutout Value Low Again
 » Hogs & Pigs Report Held Some Surprises
 » June Quarterly Hogs & Pigs Report Analysis
 » K-State Discusses Swine Gestation Stalls
 » New North American Meat Association Launched
 » USDA Boosts Meat, Poultry, Egg Residue Testing
 » OSHA-Pilgrims Pride Settle Whistleblower Case
 » Unblemished Year for Murphy-Brown
 » Food Industry Survey on Antibiotics in Meat

   Brazil

 » Egg Production Grows Again
 » Hopes Raised to Lift Russian Ban on Brazilian Meat

   Global

 » EU Signs Trade Agreement with Colombia, Peru
 » US to Take on India at WTO Over Poultry Restrictions
 » EU-Vietnam in Free Trade Negotiations
 » Ukraine Pork Production Up in May
 » How will WTO COOL Decision be Implemented?
 » QMS: Cattle Supplies Tight Both in UK and Ireland

   European Union

 » Arla Says Yes to Mergers
 » €35.9m EU Support for Agricultural Product Promotion
 » Lower EU Sheep Meat Imports
 » EFSA Reviews Risks of Poultry Meat for Public Health
 » EU Pig Prices: Friendly Atmosphere in South Europe

   Ireland

 » Dawn Beef Plant Officially Opened
 » Strong Cattle Prices Essential for Growth

   United Kingdom

 » Will Integrated Supply Chain Bring Home the Bacon?
 » QMS to Receive €2.5 Million EC Support
 » Lamb Carcase Quality Results Mask Finishing Decline
 » Food Standards Body for Scotland
 » NFU Turns Spotlight on Supermarket Policies
 » Cranswick Acquires Kingston Foods
 » Huge Opportunities for Beef, Lamb Exports to Africa
 » LMC: Paid Cattle Prices More Than Quotes Offered

   Russian Federation

 » Veterinary Authority Finds Flaws in ASF Checks
 » European Perch in Russian Lakes Sustainable
 » Huge Fines for Breaches of ASF Regulations

   China

 » Basic Element to Ship Pork to Asian Countries
 » China Vows to Markedly Improve Food Safety

   South Africa

 » Brazil Claims SA Industry Body Inflated Poultry Imports

   Canada

 » Study: Pork Exports Contribute C$9.28 Billion to Economy
 » Canada Wins Decisively on COOL Again
 » Meat Processors Call on US to Comply with WTO

   Australia

 » Australian Beef Cuts - Where they End up?
 » Fiscal Year Beef Exports Up One Per Cent
 » Costs Fall for Beef Producers

   Zambia

 » Zambeef in 3,000 Tonnes Pigs Deficit

   Spain

 » Retailers, Processors Abuse Spanish Dairy Producers

   New Zealand

 » Conference Focuses on Building the Industry

   Japan

 » Beef Imports into Japan Pick Up in May
 » Japan Bans Raw Beef Liver
 » Iotham in Share Purchase

   Finland

 » HKScan Streamlines Corporate Structure in Finland

   Sweden

 » Sweden to Limit Trans Fats in Food



That's all for this week!

Ed.
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