HUNGARY - Hungary's $100 million agricultural export market is expected to be hit hard by the sanctions being imposed by the Russian ban on EU exports, with the pig and poultry markets being particularly affected, according to the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service.
Hungary is a major exporter of agricultural products. The Russian import sanctions on agricultural products announced on 6 August 2014, which impose an immediate year-long ban on some agricultural imports from the EU and other countries, hit Hungarian agricultural exports significantly. The Russian Federation is by the far most important agricultural export market for Hungary outside the European Union and ranks at number 8 among all destinations.
In 2013, Hungary exported agricultural and food products with a value of nearly US$ 400 million to Russia. This compares to about 3.5 per cent of the total Hungarian agricultural export value of US$ 10.4 billion. Russia banned "all imports of meat, fish, and fruit, vegetables, milk, and milk products" and it is estimated that Hungarian exports worth over US$ 100 million will be affected.
The Hungarian pork and poultry sector are hit especially hard by the Russian sanctions. Exports of chilled and frozen pork to Russia were worth US$ 50 million in 2013. That’s nearly 14 per cent of the total Hungarian pork exports. Furthermore, Russia is also the most important market for prepared meat products like bacon. The Hungarian poultry sector sent products worth nearly US$ 20 million which was 3 per cent total poultry exports.
The Hungarian Minister for Agriculture, Sandor Fazekas, declared on 14 August 2014 that losses for farmers are within reasonable limits. He explained that the banned products make up less than 30 per cent of the agricultural exports to Russia and only 1 per cent of all exports from the agricultural sector are affected.
Source: Global Trade Atlas, FAS Berlin
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