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NFU Members Hear from Farm Bill Insiders

11 March 2014

US - A panel of congressional, US Department of Agriculture (USDA) and media experts led a discussion on the 2014 US Farm Bill at the National Farmers Unionā€˜s (NFU) annual convention at the weekend.

Bart Fischer, chief economist, House Committee on Agriculture; Joe Shultz, chief economist, Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry; and Alexis Taylor, chief of staff, USDA Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services, described the farm bill conference process from their respective viewpoints. Sara Wyant, president, Agri-Pulse Communications, moderated the panel.

The panelists discussed the compromises farm bill conference committee members made when negotiating the differences between the House of Representatives and Senate versions of the bill, particularly on commodity programmes, Country-of-Origin Labeling (COOL), crop insurance, payment limitations, changes to base acres allocations, and the new dairy programme.

Panelists focused on the new commodity programmes, the Agriculture Risk Coverage (ARC) and Price Loss Coverage (PLC) programmes, as well as enhanced risk management tools, including the Supplemental Coverage Option (SCO) and improved options for non-insured crops and beginning farmers. Emphasis was also placed on the importance coalition-building efforts played in farm bill passage.

Taylor discussed the long-term implementation timeline, with emphasis on timely enactment of the livestock disaster programmes, US Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack's top priority. USDA also plans to hold listening sessions in Washington, DC, and across the country to ensure farmers and ranchers the opportunity to provide input on programme implementation.

When posed with a question on COOL, the panelists each said they would be watching the World Trade Organization’s decision closely.

"This panel was a great opportunity for our members to hear firsthand from those responsible for all aspects of the ‘behind-the-scenes’ farm bill process: both writing and implementing the legislation," said NFU President Roger Johnson.

"The information the panelists presented will help our members prepare for the difficult and complex commodity programme and risk management decisions they will be making in the coming year."


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