US Agriculture Considering Opposition to Partnership Deal19 December 2013
US - A coalition of US agricultural organisations is expected to oppose a final Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade agreement if it includes Japan but that country does not agree to comprehensive trade liberalisation, including elimination of tariffs on virtually all US agricultural products.
In a letter sent to US Trade Representative Michael Froman, the 17 groups said the unwillingness of Japanese negotiators to present a comprehensive offer on agricultural products is threatening to undermine the trade talks.
Japan is demanding special treatment for its agriculture sector, including exclusion from the agreement of certain "sensitive" products.
The TPP is a regional trade negotiation that includes the United States, Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam, which account for nearly 40 per cent of global GDP.
The agricultural organisations, which include the National Pork Producers Council, pointed out in their letter to Froman that, if Japan is allowed to claim exceptions for sensitive products, other TPP countries inevitably will demand the right to do the same.
Countenancing such an action, they said, also will affect future trade agreements, including the Trans-Atlantic Trade and Investment Partnership now being negotiated between the United States and the European Union.
If the United States cannot reach an agreement with Japan that includes comprehensive liberalization in the agricultural sector, it should conclude a TPP deal without the Asian nation, said the groups.
Japan is an important market for US agriculture – the fourth largest – which shipped $13.5 billion of food and agricultural products to the island nation in 2012.
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