Sodium Intake in US Rising23 April 2013
US – Sodium intake around the world is well in excess of physiological needs.
Public health authorities agree that chronic excess sodium intake can increase blood pressure and the risk of heart attack and stroke.
However, despite recommendations to lower sodium consumption over the last decade, actual intake continues to rise.
Research supported by Tate & Lyle presented at the American Society for Nutrition Experimental Biology conference in Boston indicates that in the United States, sodium intake has been on an upward trend - increasing by 63 mg/day every two years from 2001 until 2010.
The study, commissioned by global food ingredient provider Tate & Lyle, used data from the What We Eat in America (WWEIA)/National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to assess overall sodium intake and sources of sodium in the diets of those two years of age and older from 2001 to 2010.
Based upon this recent analysis, the largest contributor of sodium to the diet was grains and grain products (i.e., breads, cereals, salty snacks), followed by meat, poultry, fish and mixtures, then vegetables and finally milk and milk products.
Sodium intake from meat, poultry, fish and mixtures increased the most while sodium from grains remained consistent.
"This research shows us that despite public health efforts to decrease sodium intake, actual intake has continued to increase over the last 10 years and solutions to help decrease dietary intake are greatly needed," said the study's lead author, Victor Fulgoni, PhD, Senior Vice President of Nutrition Impact, LLC, a food and nutrition consulting company.
Several studies have shown that a reduction in salt intake is one of the most cost-effective interventions to reduce cardiovascular disease risk in both developed and developing countries.
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