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Trichinellosis Rumbles on in Pigs, People in Romania

17 August 2012

ROMANIA - Following a survey that revealed a low incidence of trichinellosis in wild and domestic pigs in the west of the country between 1998 and 2011, researchers say that human cases still occur, and they blamed these mainly on improper handling.

A new paper in Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases reports, for the first time, data regarding trichinellosis in sacrificed animals (domestic pigs and wild boars) inspected during the period from January 1998 to November 2011 in the largest of the Romanian counties.

The data were collected by researchers at the Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy in Timisoara and the Veterinary Public Health Department of Timis County.

A total of 5,586,431 domestic pigs on farms, 609,325 pigs in private households and 823 wild boars were examined during the study period.

The results indicated that 681 domestic pigs (0.01 per cent) on farms and 407 pigs in private households (0.07 per cent) were found to be infected with Trichinella. Regarding wild boars, infection was detected in only four animals (0.5 per cent).

Although no infected animals have recently been identified during routine examinations (2009–2011), human outbreaks continue to occur yearly, and the main factors for these include improper handling by the population, according to the researchers.

Reference

Borza C., A.M. Neghina, V. Dumitrascu, L. Tirnea, C.L. Calma and R. Neghina. 2012. Epizootiology of trichinellosis in pigs and wild boars in western Romania, 1998–2011. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, 12(8):712-713. doi:10.1089/vbz.2011.0955

Further Reading

You can view the full report (fee payable) by clicking here.

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