TheMeatSite.com - TheMeatSite.com - news, features and articles for the meat processing industry

Featured Articles

International Meat Review - 27 May 2010

30 May 2010

USDA

Recently, the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) published US red meat export and import data for March 2010.

Trade Highlights

According to the statistics, during March, U.S. exports of beef and veal cuts plus beef variety meats totaled 80,680 MT. This was 12.3 percent higher than the previous month and was 13.8 percent higher than March 2009. More specifically, fresh, chilled beef exports equaled 28,236 MT, which was up 4.0 percent over the previous month and was up 7.4 percent over March 2009. Likewise, frozen beef exports were up 9.7 percent over the previous month and 55.3 percent over March 2009, totaling 24,127 MT. During March, the U.S. exported 26,088 MT of beef variety meats. Although this was 27.2 percent more than the previous month, it was 2.5 percent less than March 2009. During the first quarter of 2010, total beef variety meat exports equaled 68,169 MT. which was 8.5 percent lower than last year. Mexico was the largest market for beef variety meat exports with 29.4 percent, or 20,075 MT. During March, U.S. beef exports to Mexico totaled 18,792 MT, which was a little more than February. Total year-to-date beef exports to Mexico equaled 58,156 MT, 24.5 percent below a year ago due to Mexico’s weak economy. However, Mexico was the primary U.S. beef export market with 25.8 percent of the total. Beef exports to Canada during March fell 1.3 percent from the previous month to 10,421 MT. During the first quarter, the U.S. exported 32,046 MT of beef to Canada, which was 14.0 percent more than a year ago. First quarter beef exports to South Korea equaled 18,762 MT, 10.9 percent higher than a year ago. Year-to-date beef exports to Japan were 36.5 percent higher than a year ago, amounting to 18,487 MT. Overall, during the first quarter of 2010, U.S. total beef and veal and beef variety meat exports equaled 225,114 MT, 10.6 percent above the corresponding period a year ago.

During March, U.S. exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats totaled 162,282 MT. Although this was 3.8 percent higher than the previous month, it was 5.1 percent lower than March 2009. Specifically, fresh, chilled pork exports totaled 43,878 MT, which was up 3.2 percent over the previous month but was down 4.2 percent from March 2009. Frozen pork exports totaled 63,183 MT, which was down 1.7 percent from the previous month and was down 6.8 percent from March 2009. During March, the U.S. exported 36,430 MT of pork variety meats. This was 8.4 percent more than February but was 20.6 percent less than March 2009. During the first quarter of 2010, U.S. pork variety meat exports equaled 103,214 MT, 17.9 percent below a year ago. The main buyer of U.S. pork variety meats was Mexico with 41.0 percent of the exports, or 42,319 MT. During March, U.S. pork exports to Mexico rose 5.5 percent over the previous month to 46,135 MT. Year-to-date pork exports to Mexico equaled 142,780 MT, which was 7.3 percent higher than a year ago. Mexico was the largest U.S. pork export market with 31.1 percent of the total. U.S. pork exports to Japan during March rose 2.3 percent over the previous month to 35,484 MT. Total year-to-date pork exports to Japan were 17.8 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 98,099 MT. During the first quarter, U.S. pork exports to Hong Kong totaled 64,306 MT, which was 51.9 percent higher than last year. Overall, during the first quarter of 2010, U.S. exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats totaled 459,509 MT, 4.3 percent below the same period a year ago.


U.S. beef and veal imports during March totaled 73,526 MT. This was up 34.0 percent over the previous month but was down 9.8 percent from March 2009. More specifically, fresh, chilled beef imports equaled 31,679 MT. This was 28.9 percent higher than the previous month and was 10.7 percent higher than March 2009. Frozen beef imports equaled 37,390 MT. This was 43.3 percent higher than the previous month but was 20.0 percent lower than March 2009. U.S. beef imports from Canada during March rose 25.0 percent over the previous month to 27,360 MT. During the first quarter of 2010, beef imports from Canada totaled 74,594 MT, which was 5.3 percent more than last year. Canada was the main source for U.S. beef imports with 39.3 percent of the total. During March, the U.S. imported 17,733 MT of beef from New Zealand. This was 30.9 percent more than the previous month. Total year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand equaled 42,751 MT. This was 18.4 percent less than a year ago. However, this placed New Zealand as the second largest market for U.S. beef imports, ahead of Australia. Beef imports from Australia during March totaled 15,567 MT, 75.2 percent higher than February. Year-to-date beef imports from Australia were 40.9 percent less than last year, amounting to 38,914 MT. U.S. imports of beef from Uruguay during March rose 27.8 percent over the previous month to 1,285 MT. Total year-to-date beef imports from Uruguay equaled 3,130 MT, 64.5 percent less than last year. Overall, during the first quarter of 2010, U.S. beef and veal imports totaled 189,615 MT, which was 17.5 percent less than the same period a year ago. The primary reason for the sharp fall in beef imports is the lack of supply from Australia and New Zealand due to herd rebuilding and the weak U.S. dollar.

During March, U.S. pork imports equaled 30,012 MT. This was up 7.7 percent over the previous month but was down 3.2 percent from March 2009. More specifically, fresh, chilled pork imports fell 1.0 percent from the previous month and 6.2 percent from March 2009 to 16,313 MT. Conversely, frozen pork exports were up 22.1 percent over the previous month and were up 16.0 percent over March 2009, amounting to 8,899 MT. U.S. pork imports from Canada during March totaled 23,871 MT, which was 2.5 percent higher than February. During the first quarter of 2010, U.S. pork imports from Canada totaled 70,555 MT, 1.5 percent below a year ago. Canada was the largest provider of pork to the U.S. with 82.6 percent of the total. During March, the U.S. imported 3,473 MT of pork from Denmark. This was 38.1 percent greater than the previous month. Total year-to-date pork imports from Denmark were 10.4 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 8,428 MT. Overall, during the first quarter of 2010, U.S. total pork imports equaled 85,458 MT, which was 2.5 percent less than the same period a year ago. Additional U.S. trade data can be found on the FAS website http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

North America

On May 19, USDA FAS announced funding allocations of $11 million for 96 activities under three market development programs. The programs are the Technical Assistance for Specialty Crops Program (TASC), the Quality Samples Program (QSP) and the Emerging Markets Program (EMP). The purpose of the programs is to assist in the expansion of commercial markets for U.S. agricultural exports. For further information regarding the programs and the current allocations, visit the FAS website at http://www.fas.usda.gov/.

According to Statistics Canada, farm cash receipts for Canada’s farmers during the first quarter of 2010 totaled $10.5 billion, down 12.3 percent from a year ago. Farm cash receipts, which include crop and livestock revenues plus program payments, declined in every province. For livestock, the number of head sold and the prices received for cattle and hogs were lower. Livestock receipts declined in every province.

On May 21, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) published its monthly Cattle on Feed report. According to the data, cattle and calves on feed for the U.S. slaughter market for feedlots with a capacity of 1,000 or more head on May 1, 2010 equaled 10.45 million head. This was down 3.4 percent from one year ago and was down 6.1 percent from two years ago. The number of cattle placed on feed during April increased 1.8 percent over one year ago to 1.63 million head. Additionally, this was 6.1 percent more than two years ago.

More specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds totaled 365,000 head, which was 2.8 percent higher than a year ago. Placements of feeder cattle weighing 600 to 699 pounds were down 4.8 percent from last year, amounting to 300,000 head. Placements weighing 700 to 799 pounds equaled 469,000 head, 15.8 percent more than last year. Finally, placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds totaled 495,000 head, 5.7 percent lower than a year ago. In the meantime, fed cattle marketings during April equaled 1.85 million head. This was slightly less than one year ago and was 7.8 percent less than two years ago. To obtain the entire report, visit the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

Recently, CanFax released Canada’s current cattle on feed data for terminal feedlots with 1,000 or more head in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. According to the numbers, on May 1, 2010, Canada’s cattle on feed totaled 1,027,532 head. This was up 9.9 percent over one year ago and was up 11.7 percent over two years ago. The number of cattle placed on feed during April rose 18.6 percent over one year ago to 155,005 head. However, this was 8.0 percent less than two years ago. Steers placed on feed totaled 88,923 head, which accounted for 57.4 percent of the total placements. Heifers placed on feed totaled 66,082 head. Specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds equaled 6,749 head, which was 54.3 percent less than a year ago. Placements weighing 600 to 699 pounds were 2.2 percent less than last year, amounting to 15,073 head. Placements of feeder cattle weighing 700 to 799 pounds totaled 40,099 head, which was up 28.0 percent over last year. Finally, placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds were 34.7 percent higher than a year ago, totaling 93,084 head. Meanwhile, Canada’s fed cattle marketings during April rose 18.7 percent over last year to 147,967 head. However, this was 3.3 percent lower than two years ago. The complete report is available on the CanFax website at http://www.canfax.ca/.

Pacific Rim

The Korea International Trade Association (KITA) recently published April 2010 beef and pork import data for South Korea. According to the numbers, South Korea’s beef imports during April fell 8.6 percent from the previous month to 19,797 MT. However, this was 8.4 percent more than April 2009. Specifically, imports of frozen beef totaled 16,104 MT, which comprised 81.3 percent of the total. Imports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 3,693 MT. During April, South Korea imported 11,129 MT of beef from Australia. This was 1.2 percent higher than the previous month and was 5.3 percent higher than April 2009. South Korea’s total year-to-date beef imports from Australia equaled 41,836 MT, which was 5.7 percent greater than last year. Australia was the largest beef import market for South Korea with 52.0 percent of the total. Beef imports from the U.S. during April fell 14.8 percent from March to 5,283 MT. However, this was up 14.7 percent over April 2009. Year-to-date beef imports from the U.S. were 45.2 percent above last year, totaling 24,513 MT. During April, South Korea imported 3,146 MT of beef from New Zealand, which was 24.3 percent less than the previous month but was 7.8 percent more than April 2009. Year-todate beef imports from New Zealand were 10.7 percent higher than last year, amounting to 13,232 MT. Overall, South Korea’s total year-to-date beef imports equaled 80,523 MT, which was 16.3 percent above the corresponding period a year ago. Meanwhile, during April, South Korea imported 23,618 MT of pork. This was 10.8 percent lower than the previous month and was 15.4 percent lower than April 2009. South Korea’s pork imports from the U.S. during April rose 12.1 percent over March to 7,452 MT. However, this was 23.3 percent less than April 2009. Total year-to-date pork imports from the U.S. were 12.8 percent below a year ago, amounting to 27,094 MT. The U.S. was the primary pork import market for South Korea with 28.0 percent of the total. During April, South Korea imported 4,747 MT of pork from Canada. This was down 6.8 percent from the previous month and was down 7.1 percent from April 2009. Year-to-date pork imports from Canada totaled 19,381 MT, which was 1.9 percent higher than last year. South Korea’s pork imports from Chile during April fell 53.2 percent from the previous month and 37.1 percent from April 2009 to 14,598 MT. Overall, South Korea’s total year-to-date pork imports were 1.4 percent less than the same period a year ago, amounting to 96,673 MT. Further data on South Korea trade can be found on the KITA website at http://www.kita.org/.

As of May 25, Japan had confirmed 201 outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), involving more than 145,000 head of livestock, which includes cattle, hogs, sheep and goats. Additionally, there are several suspected cases, not yet confirmed. According to USDA FAS, at the present time, this recent outbreak has had a limited impact on Japan’s meat supply.

China

On May 13, China gave official notice that the country will accept shipments of U.S. pork produced on or after May 1, 2010. However, the USDA is negotiating with China for an earlier eligibility date of March 24, which was the date specified in the original agreement.

Further Reading

- You can view the full report by clicking here.

May 2010

Our Sponsors

Partners


Seasonal Picks

Meat Cuts and Muscle Foods - 2nd Edition