TheMeatSite.com - TheMeatSite.com - news, features and articles for the meat processing industry

Featured Articles

GLOBAL POULTRY TRENDS 2013: Egg Trade of Little Importance in the Americas

23 February 2014

Global Poultry Trends 2010

While world trade in shell eggs almost doubled between 2000 and 2010 and fell back somewhat in 2011, the Americas accounted for just seven per cent of global exports in 2011 and less than four per cent of imports, writes industry analyst, Terry Evans. The growth in dried egg exports from Argentina is remarkable over this period.

Worldwide exports of eggs in shell more than doubled between 2000 and 2010 to exceed two million tonnes, but then slipped back towards 1.8 million tonnes in 2011 (Table 1 and Figure 1).

Table 1. Global trade in hen eggs in shell ('000 tonnes)
(Source: FAO)
Exports2000200620072008200920102011
Africa 6.2 5.9 3.7 5.7 6.6 11.4 7.4
Americas 93.0 102.0 128.9 114.2 109.8 114.9 126.6
Asia 204.1 287.6 386.4 514.7 539.4 536.8 552.8
Europe 640.7 835.1 894.8 1,037.5 1,105.6 1,353.3 1,118.9
World 944.8 1,231.6 1,418.8 1,674.1 1,765.1 2,021.2 1,809.4
               
Imports 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Africa 25.7 48.0 51.0 50.2 46.1 54.4 63.4
Americas 66.3 67.6 62.3 74.1 67.2 66.2 66.7
Asia 235.8 284.8 369.8 430.9 464.4 498.4 558.6
Europe 557.5 802.1 983.4 1,024.1 1,047.8 1,060.0 990.6
World 886.0 1,204.8 1,468.0 1,581.0 1,627.9 1,681.8 1,681.2

These indicate that the growth in trade has been due primarily to the movement of eggs from Europe and to a lesser extent Asia, as these two regions accounted for more than 92 per cent of global exports in 2011. The trends for regional imports of shell eggs (Table 1 and Figure 2) tell an almost identical story.


Figure 1. Exports of hen eggs in shell ('000 tonnes)

It is apparent from trade tables that the quantities exported and imported in a year often do not balance. There are many reasons for this though not all may apply to the shell hen eggs trade, including:

  • Some countries provide data on a general rather than specific product basis.
  • Data may be presented on a financial or market year rather than a calendar year.
  • There is a time lag between product leaving a country in say December and arriving at its destination in say January of the following year.
  • There can be a misclassification of a product between the exporter and importer.
  • There can be place-of-origin/final destination inconsistencies. For example country (A) may report that the final destination is country C, but the goods actually reach C via another country (B). As a result country C may report the place of origin of the goods was country B.

In addition, goods can be lost during transport, while occasionally differences can occur due to a typing or calculation error. And, in some instances, trade may not be declared to circumvent an embargo or avoid tax payments.

The Americas accounted for just seven per cent of global exports in 2011 and less than four per cent of imports, assuming that the export total for that year was the actual quantity imported. Details of exports from and imports to the individual countries in this region are presented in tables 2 and 3.

Table 2. Hen egg exports in shell from countries in the Americas (tonnes)
(Source: FAO)
Country2000200620072008200920102011
Argentina 30 2,542 2,141 1,417 1,486 1,080 1,051
Bahamas 0 41 27 28 0 0 0
Barbados 0 10 11 18 19 23 19
Bolivia 236 49 12 0 0 0 0
Brazil 4,394 14,226 16,488 9,559 10,035 13,930 14,170
Canada 2,072 2,059 3,469 2,187 1,920 2,566 2,360
Chile 551 312 634 324 31 53 23
Colombia 3,370 58 3,882 15,117 1,283 72 6
Costa Rica 499 1,875 488 876 1,237 1,021 2,096
Ecuador 5,866 165 187 38 0 254 0
El Salvador 9,569 2,378 2,471 2,508 2,097 736 94
Guatemala 688 313 253 103 247 74 120
Guyana 0 0 90 0 0 0 2
Honduras 99 222 317 129 502 570 274
Jamaica 0 0 0 20 21 0 0
Mexico 58 27 15 107 910 2,771 7,216
Nicaragua 98 0 0 0 0 0 0
Panama 578 1,308 1,596 1,416 1,181 1,082 974
Peru 187 2,268 2,445 3,150 3,236 4,419 4,077
Trinidad/Tobago 10 16 11 8 16 16 16
US 64,582 73,940 94,328 77,094 85,458 86,103 93,962
Uruguay 138 108 0 134 133 133 140
Venezuela Bol. Rep. 0 44 34 0 0 1 0
AMERICAS 93,025 101,961 128,899 114,233 109,812 114,906 126,607
WORLD 944,793 1,231,590 1,414,784 1,674,065 1,765,121 2,021,225 1,809,404

Shell Egg Trade

While global exports of shell eggs expanded by six per cent per year from 2000 to 2011, sales from countries in the Americas grew at less than half this rate. Even in 2011, they amounted to less than 127,000 tonnes. Although nearly 20 countries were involved in this trade in 2011, more than 91 per cent of the business was conducted by just three – the US (94,000 tonnes), Brazil (14,200 tonnes) and Mexico (7,200 tonnes). Of the others, Peru (4,100 tonnes) and Costa Rica (2,100 tonnes) have greatly increased their exports since 2000.

Table 3. Hen egg imports in shell into countries in the Americas (tonnes)
(Source: FAO)
Country2000200620072008200920102011
Antigua/Barbuda 0 73 134 197 197 13 25
Argentina 2,394 0 3 10 0 0 3
Aruba 80 123 140 0 1,062 1,023 1,029
Bahamas 24 377 377 557 869 1,334 1,126
Barbados 520 775 862 759 870 796 793
Belize 125 86 69 87 99 102 116
Bermuda 30 431 488 525 486 511 531
Bolivia 29 33 37 38 42 29 74
Brazil 25 247 282 369 169 122 165
Canada 23,286 21,894 20,058 24,933 27,696 24,904 23,199
Cayman Isl. 200 23 29 101 101 87 122
Chile 39 35 36 32 36 31 78
Colombia 1,298 145 333 133 37 108 159
Costa Rica 498 320 436 317 469 620 294
Cuba 5 0 143 0 0 0 0
Dominican Rep. 330 1,694 255 108 1,015 1,284 210
Ecuador 590 2,030 2,503 3,195 3,521 4,198 3,516
El Salvador 1,178 2,432 576 182 524 803 611
Grenada 0 6 0 0 32 5 3
Guatemala 294 1,595 900 197 1,359 1,597 1,281
Guyana 872 1,948 1,435 1,682 1,243 1,693 1,692
Haiti 9 189 280 455 588 467 524
Honduras 9,113 2,562 2,939 3,342 2,011 900 900
Jamaica 3,000 4,614 4,169 3,946 4,000 3,830 3,873
Mexico 9,495 13,685 8,804 5,513 7,594 7,330 11,463
Netherlands Antilles 70 104 431 500 351 294 -
Nicaragua 1,732 2,582 2,606 3,069 3,197 3,693 4,063
Panama 136 130 18 5 132 33 72
Paraguay 216 0 586 1,165 805 1,097 1,304
Peru 224 145 65 54 791 178 33
Saint Kitts/Nevis 22 28 18 11 43 1,870 1,870
Saint Lucia 18 12 7 8 36 45 45
Saint Pierre/Miquelon 0 3 5 3 8 6 2
Saint Vincent/Grenadines 0 20 48 11 11 24 4
Suriname 110 159 226 220 301 302 316
Trinidad/Tobago 2,765 3,156 3,285 2,989 3,203 2,801 2,882
US 3,576 3,719 3,354 3,396 2,830 3,441 4,047
Uruguay 59 52 51 39 28 28 191
Venezuela Bol. Rep. 3,935 2,172 6,332 15,909 1,322 553 74
AMERICAS 66,297 67,599 62,320 74,057 67,078 66,214 66,690
WORLD 886,023 1,204,805 1,468,005 1,580,962 1,627,866 1,681,751 1,681,176

Clearly the United States is the leading exporter, shipping eggs to more than 80 countries in 2011, though almost 72,700 tonnes or 77 per cent of the total went to only three countries in almost equal quantities – mainland China, Hong Kong and Canada. After these, Mexico was the next important customer taking almost 7,200 tonnes, which increased to 12,100 tonnes in 2012 as it made up for a short-fall in domestic production due to the avian influenza outbreaks.

Of Brazil’s exports totalling 14,170 tonnes in 2011, nearly two-thirds were sold to Venezuela (9,100 tonnes), with both Paraguay and the United Arab Emirates purchasing more than 1,200 tonnes.

Shell egg imports into countries in the Americas hardly changed over the 10 years or so averaging less than 70,000 tonnes a year. As Table 3 reveals, the leading buyer in 2011 was Canada with almost 23,200 tonnes, followed by Mexico with 11,500 tonnes and the USA, Nicaragua, each taking around 4,000 tonnes.


Figure 2. Imports of hen eggs in shell ('000 tonnes)

Dried Egg Product Trade

Since 2007, global exports of dried egg powder have amounted to between 55,000 and 60,000 tonnes a year, roughly equivalent to some 300,000 tonnes of shell eggs. The volume traded has doubled since 2000 (Figure 1) with all the major regions exhibiting growth.

The bulk of the business has been conducted by countries in Europe and the Americas. However, it is the Americas region that has recorded the more rapid growth in this business. Back in 2000, sales from this region amounted to less than 8,000 tonnes (27 per cent) of the global total of 29,400 tonnes. For Europe, the corresponding figures were 19,500 tonnes and 66 per cent. By 2011, the Americas shipped some 20,300 tonnes (34 per cent), while Europe sold 31,400 tonnes (53 per cent).

In the Americas (Table 4), the United States has been the major player for more than a decade as sales have climbed from a little over 4,000 tonnes to around 15,000 tonnes a year. Japan was the top buyer of US product in 2011 taking almost 5,500 tonnes, followed by Germany with 2,400 tonnes, Canada 1,500 tonnes, Mexico 1,300 tonnes and Sweden with 1,100 tonnes. By 2012, US exports of dried products had risen to 18,500 tonnes.

However, the big surprise in this export business has been the growth in sales from Argentina which have spiralled from a mere 130 tonnes back in 2000 to almost 4,400 tonnes in 2011. In that year, some 870 tonnes were shipped to Denmark, 820 tonnes to Austria, 680 tonnes to the Russian Federation, 360 tonnes to Germany and almost 290 tonnes to Japan. Latest figures for 2012 indicate that Argentina’s dried egg exports have continued to expand to almost 5,300 tonnes.

Table 4. Exports of dried egg from countries in the Americas (tonnes)
(Source: FAO)
Figures exclude dried albumen
Country2000200620072008200920102011
Argentina 130 2,359 2,725 2,998 2,148 2,595 4,352
Brazil 434 364 403 153 152 24 9
Canada 2,837 3,373 2,188 1,893 1,458 1,021 874
Chile 96 28 25 73 40 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0 4 0 1 0
El Salvador 17 0 0 0 0 0 0
Guatemala 1 0 3 0 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0 0 0 11 0
Mexico 46 55 31 59 91 1 226
Peru 0 10 21 10 11 4 0
US 4,238 9,917 11,323 12,757 15,156 15,348 14,797
Uruguay 0 0 0 0 1 1 1
AMERICAS 7,799 16,106 16,719 17,947 19,057 19,006 20,259
WORLD 29,412 51,420 54,735 57,614 57,074 55,800 59,534

Figure 3. Exports of dried egg ('000 tonnes)

While the regional picture of dried egg imports (Figure 4) reveals that Europe is again the leading player accounting for two-thirds of the global total, on this occasion Asia takes the number two spot with nearly 23 per cent of the business, while the Americas was responsible for purchasing just 4,600 tonnes or eight per cent.

Just two countries accounted for two-thirds of the dried egg imports into the Americas (Table 5) with Mexico (taking 1,573 tonnes) and Canada (1,493 tonnes), all of which were supplied by the US.

Table 5. Imports of dried egg into countries in the Americas (tonnes)
(Source: FAO)
Figures exclude dried albumen
Country2000200620072008200920102011
Argentina 366 3 0 56 97 290 358
Bahamas 0 93 163 134 1 46 54
Barbados 0 4 0 0 0 0 0
Belize 0 0 0 1 1 0 0
Bolivia 0 0 0 3 0 22 264
Brazil 65 14 5 0 0 0 0
Canada 1,280 651 891 1,138 1,508 1,819 1,493
Chile 20 32 64 20 44 40 71
Colombia 142 168 247 161 140 215 287
Costa Rica 2 53 41 59 63 47 41
Cuba 39 104 65 338 294 112 162
Ecuador 2 194 289 228 304 19 18
El Salvador 14 1 1 1 1 1 1
Guatemala 12 3 3 3 79 49 68
Honduras 0 0 0 2 0 3 4
Jamaica 0 9 4 25 26 11 4
Mexico 487 2,080 2,132 1,783 1,719 1,375 1,573
Panama 10 2 2 9 7 7 6
Paraguay 5 5 3 0 0 2 14
Peru 65 2 0 10 15 15 9
Saint Lucia 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Trinidad/Tobago 114 203 105 147 160 160 112
US 475 56 2 280 8 16 1
Uruguay 71 21 15 16 29 66 82
Venezuela Bol. Rep. 856 14 5 22 11 15 0
AMERICAS 4,025 3,713 4,037 4,436 4,507 4,330 4,622
WORLD 34,244 56,954 60,850 55,672 53,671 59,408 59,732

Figure 4. Imports of dried egg ('000 tonnes)

Liquid Egg Product Trade

Worldwide exports of liquid egg escalated from 144,000 tonnes to 314,000 tonnes between 2000 and 2011. As Figure 5 reveals, this trade almost entirely revolves around sales from European countries these accounting for almost 88 per cent of the total business in 2011.

The quantities exported from the Americas have hardly changed over the past 10 years or more, amounting to nearly 24,000 tonnes in 2011 (Table 6). Of the total the US shipped almost 19,000 tonnes with 11,200 tonnes being purchased by Japan and 2,012 tonnes by Canada.

Table 6. Exports of liquid egg from countries in the Americas (tonnes)
(Source: FAO)
Country2000200620072008200920102011
Argentina 18 239 237 179 173 192 71
Brazil 874 2,688 2,019 2,393 2,278 1,961 1,278
Canada 1,783 2,647 1,943 2,542 2,094 4,332 3,644
Colombia 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Costa Rica 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
El Salvador 870 561 598 194 9 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0 5 57 177 104
Peru 553 0 124 462 214 28 44
US 16,548 15,889 15,335 14,973 14,343 14,961 18,651
Uruguay 0 12 5 3 13 13 13
Venezuela Bol. Rep. 1 22 6 0 0 0 0
AMERICAS 20,647 22,058 20,271 20,751 19,181 21,664 23,805
WORLD 144,191 205,274 217,255 235,998 266,462 272,639 313,984

Figure 5. Exports of liquid egg ('000 tonnes)

Quantities of liquid egg imported into the Americas are minimal amounting to around 10,000 tonnes a year (Table 7 and Figure 6) with the USA (3,800 tonnes), Canada (2,200 tonnes) and Mexico (1,400 tonnes) the man recipients.

Table 7. Imports of liquid egg into countries in the Americas (tonnes)
(Source: FAO)
Country2000200620072008200920102011
Antigua/Barbuda 0 0 0 0 0 0 9
Argentina 546 12 4 0 12 0 0
Aruba 1 0 0 0 7 7 7
Bahamas 140 206 191 199 282 256 231
Barbados 15 25 37 46 64 87 108
Bermuda 100 50 44 29 4 1 1
Bolivia 8 0 0 4 1 0 1
Canada 1,857 2,066 2,430 1,905 3,985 2,284 2,191
Chile 0 25 9 6 98 186 21
Colombia 2 1 0 0 0 0 0
Costa Rica 382 851 378 584 380 426 567
Cuba 5 0 3 0 0 251 239
Ecuador 6 0 0 0 0 331 302
El Salvador 111 3 0 0 25 19 20
Guatemala 883 646 643 234 178 84 180
Guyana 0 0 3 0 0 0 0
Haiti 3 0 0 0 0 0 0
Honduras 98 37 17 35 12 1 1
Jamaica 3 1 2 1 27 0 2
Mexico 907 2,158 1,109 478 1,729 1,797 1,394
Netherlands Antilles 20 60 11 18 24 10 -
Nicaragua 0 3 2 1 1 1 1
Panama 100 19 24 26 20 21 30
Paraguay 3 1 0 0 0 0 0
Peru 290 145 127 93 0 0 0
Saint Kitts/Nevis 0 3 0 0 0 6 1
Saint Lucia 1 1 2 0 0 2 2
Saint Vincent/Grenadines 0 0 1 1 0 2 2
Trindad/Tobago 65 61 65 105 65 19 81
US 1,596 1,811 1,731 2,726 2,473 4,047 3,829
Uruguay 28 244 228 172 62 110 334
Venezuela Bol. Rep. 200 2,075 2,332 2,210 1,323 739 517
AMERICAS 7,370 10,504 9,393 8,873 10,779 10,687 10,079
WORLD 124,335 193,459 215,287 230,369 249,486 270,486 271,809

Figure 6. Imports of liquid egg ('000 tonnes)

February 2014

 

Our Sponsors

Partners


Seasonal Picks

Meat Cuts and Muscle Foods - 2nd Edition