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AVEC Annual Report 2012: Turkey

13 December 2012

In its Annual Report 2012, the Association of Poultry Processors and Poultry Trade in the EU Countries, AVEC, offers an overview of the market situation for turkey, Salmonella testing of the meat and welfare of the birds.

Market situation of turkeys

Turkey production in the EU is concentrated in a few Member States. Since 2009, five countries (Germany, France, Italy, the UK and Poland) produced more than 85 per cent of all EU turkey meat. Only a small number of companies in a limited number of Member States are involved in the turkey primary breeding sector. Also the consumption of turkey meat varies strongly between Member States, with the percentage of consumers ranging from 0.2 per cent to 70 per cent.

The present situation as regards the price of raw materials and energy costs in EU has fluctuated in the last 12 months and has forced prices of turkey meat to go up. The decrease in turkey meat consumption is explained by these constraints. When prices continue to accelerate the consumption decreases.

The EU turkey production remains stable with an estimated 1.8 mil tons. No change in the production repartition in the EU is expected contrary to what has happened in previous years.The imports of turkey meat into the EU have decreased with 18 per cent compared to previous year with Brazil as the main importing source.

New criterion in place for Salmonella and EFSA Scientific Opinion

From 31 December 2012 onwards the criterion for the absence of Salmonella entritidis and Salmonella typhimurium in 25g of turkey meat of Regulation 2160/2003, article 4 enters into force. Regulation 584/2008 establishes the objective reducing Salmonella prevalence in turkey flocks to 1 per cent also by 31 December 2012.

In May 2012 EFSA published its report evaluating the possible impact on public health of reducing Salmonella levels in turkeys across the EU. The Panel found that the dominant serovars are Salmonella Enteritidis, Typhimurium, Kentucky, Newport, Virchow and Saintpaul.

Projecting a possible scenario (reduction of S.E. and S.T. of 1 per cent) a reduction of 0.4 per cent in percentage of turkey transmitted salmonellosis could be achieved but when adjusting the combined prevalence of all serotypes to 1 per cent, a 83.3 per cent reduction equivalent to 2.2 per cent of all human salmonellosis could be expected.

The report concludes that vertical transmission of Salmonella and hatchery acquired Salmonella contamination from breeding stock are important sources and the control in breeding but also during rearing is important.

Welfare of Turkey

a.v.e.c. agrees that good farming practice and farm management are vital for turkey health and welfare.Turkeys are like other animals sentient beings and must be treated with respect.

The welfare of animals is important to society.Turkeys like other animals kept for meat production are kept in houses where the biological needs of the turkeys are taken care of: appropriate nutrition, freedom of movement, physical comfort and the need to perform natural behaviour. The turkeys are protected against adverse climatic conditions, injury, fear and disease. Progress or advance in feed, housing, equipment, medicines and genetic research are taken into account to improve the conditions during rearing.

To respond to these demands a.v.e.c. has in 2011 and 2012 set up a working group with the aim to develop the a.v.e.c. Turkey Welfare Guide.After one year of work the draft guide is almost ready for final approval by the board of a.v.e.c. The guide covers all aspects of turkey rearing at farm level.

EU POULTRYMEAT SUPPLY (000’ t)
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
  EU-25 EU-27
Gross indigenous production 10.744 11.057 11.645 11.667 12.093 12.235
Export meat 1.240 811 905 928 1.149 1.287
Import of meat 650 829 864 848 782 801
Consumption 10.250 11.070 11.599 11.578 11.718 11.743
Consumption per capita, kg 22,1 22,4 23,3 23,2 23,4 23,4
Self-sufficiency % 105,0 99,9 100,4 100,8 103,2 104,2
Notes: Partial provisional or estimated.

Source: Since 2007 EU-Commission. So the gross domestic production is different to table No. 4.
2004 to 2006: Source MEG to Eurostat and national statistics.


Gross indigenous production of poultry meat in the EU (000't)
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Austria 109 119 120 121 125 125
Belgium/Luxembourg 274 277 257 259 250 244
Denmark 185 176 180 180 180 180
Finland 87 95 101 95 96 101
France 1.793 1.862 1.762 1.719 1.749 1800
Germany 1.185 1.273 1.391 1.460 1.623 1.663
Greece 169 106 191 186 186 181
Ireland 121 113 117 114 123 120
Italy 984 1.177 1.239 1.249 1.321 1.330
Netherlands 617 684 698 726 740 762
Portugal 289 318 325 346 342 335
Spain 1.149 1.149 1.172 1.178 1.281 1.278
Sweden 83 84 86 86 86 86
United Kingdom 1.535 1.460 1.462 1.458 1.573 1.590
EU-15 8.579 8.894 9.101 9.177 9.675 9.795
Cyprus 27 29 29 29 28 28
Czech Republic 229 217 212 212 212 212
Estonia 13 12 13 15 16 16
Hungary 386 376 388 388 377 410
Latvia 21 21 24 23 23 24
Lithuania 66 68 71 71 78 78
Malta 4 5 5 5 4 4
Poland 1.075 1.096 1.165 1.185 1.305 1.330
Slovenia 50 49 61 60 61 65
Slovakia 95 83 75 74 88 88
EU-25 1.966 1.956 2.043 2.062 2.192 2.255
Bulgaria 107 116 99 130 97 97
Romania 264 304 306 316 288 288
EU-27 10.916 11.270 11.549 11.685 12.252 12.435
Note: Partial provisional or estimated. For EU countries. Some significant differences between national and EUROSTAT data.
Sources: MEG to EUROSTAT, FAO and national data

November 2012

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