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International Meat Review - 14 October 2010

28 October 2010

US beef inports have fallen by more than five per cent compared to last year according to the latest International Meat Review.

North America

The U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), which is a division of the Department of Homeland Security, recently issued the most recent data regarding U.S. beef imports under a tariff rate quota (TRQ). According to the numbers, as of September 27, 2010, U.S. beef imports subject to a TRQ totaled 564,192 MT. This was 5.5 percent less than the same period a year ago. Imports of beef from Canada, which do not fall under a TRQ, equaled 216,877 MT. This was 10.9 percent more than last year. Beef imports from Australia were 28.9 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 143,639 MT. This filled 38.0 percent of Australia’s quota, compared to 53.4 percent a year ago. Imports of beef from New Zealand totaled 132,724 MT, which was 6.1 percent lower than last year. This filled 62.2 percent of the TRQ, which was down from 66.2 percent a year ago. Through the first three quarters of the year, beef imports from Uruguay were down 18.0 percent from a year ago, amounting to 11,574 MT. This filled 57.9 percent of the country’s TRQ, compared to 70.5 percent a year ago. Imports of beef from Argentina remain banned by the U.S. due to foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). The weekly report is available on the CBP website at http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cgov/trade/trade_programs/textiles_and_quotas/commodity/.

Pacific Rim

Recently, Japan’s Ministry of Finance published July 2010 beef and pork import data for Japan, as reported by the Agriculture and Livestock Industries Corporation (ALIC). According to the numbers, Japan’s beef imports during July fell 1.1 percent from June and 13.0 percent from July 2009 to 43,241 MT. Specifically, frozen beef imports totaled 23,282 MT, which was 7.5 percent lower than the previous month and was 18.4 percent lower than July 2009. Fresh, chilled beef imports totaled 19,928 MT, which was 7.6 percent higher than the previous month but was 5.7 percent lower than July 2009. Japan’s beef imports from Australia during July totaled 29,591 MT, which was 4.3 percent less than the previous month and was 15.7 percent less than July 2009. Total year-to-date beef imports from Australia equaled 198,336 MT, 8.4 percent below a year ago. Australia was the largest source of Japan’s beef imports with 72.9 percent of the total. During July, Japan’s beef imports from the U.S. rose 18.1 percent over June to 8,549 MT. However, this was 11.7 percent lower than July 2009. Year-to-date beef imports from the U.S. were 22.4 percent greater than last year, amounting to 43,088 MT. Beef imports from New Zealand during July totaled 3,327 MT. Although this was down 14.2 percent from the previous month, it was up 10.6 percent over July 2009. Total year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand were 1.4 percent higher than a year ago, amounting to 20,568 MT. Overall, Japan’s total year-to-date beef imports equaled 271,905 MT, which was 3.0 percent below the corresponding period a year ago. Japan’s beef marketings during July totaled 69,816 MT. This was up 3.3 percent over the previous month but was down 7.3 percent from a year ago. Marketings of imported beef were down 8.4 percent from last year, amounting to 41,050 MT. Domestic beef marketings totaled 28,766 MT, 5.6 percent less than a year ago. Japan’s beef stocks at the end of July equaled 81,746 MT, which was up 5.5 percent over the previous month but was down 2.9 percent from a year ago. Imported beef stocks totaled 69,784 MT, 1.9 percent less than last year. Domestic beef stocks totaled 11,962 MT, 8.5 percent lower than a year ago.

Japan’s pork imports during July fell 7.7 percent from the previous month to 70,810 MT. However, this was 14.2 percent higher than July 2009. More specifically, frozen pork imports equaled 51,847 MT, which was 7.8 percent lower than the previous month but was 27.6 percent higher than July 2009. Fresh, chilled pork imports equaled 18,960 MT, which was 7.5 percent lower than the previous month and was 11.2 percent lower than July 2009. Pork imports from the U.S. during July totaled 29,005 MT. This was down 10.5 percent from the previous month but was up 18.6 percent over July 2009. Yearto- date pork imports from the U.S. totaled 183,125 MT, which was 1.8 percent higher than last year. The U.S. was the main supplier of pork to Japan with 40.4 percent of the total imports. During July, Japan imported 15,258 MT of pork from Canada. This was 25.1 percent lower than the previous month but was 8.8 percent higher than July 2009. Total year-to-date pork imports from Canada were 13.5 percent greater than last year, amounting to 113,052 MT. Pork imports from Denmark during July rose 10.2 percent over June to 13,128 MT. Also, this was up 2.5 percent over July 2009. Year-to-date pork imports from Denmark totaled 78,822 MT, 1.1 percent higher than a year ago. Overall, Japan’s total year-to-date pork imports equaled 453,665 MT, which was 5.4 percent more than the same period a year ago. Japan’s pork marketings during July equaled 134,838 MT, which was up 1.2 percent over the previous month but was down 4.4 percent from a year ago. Imported pork marketings totaled 63,384 MT, 5.7 percent lower than a year ago. Marketings of domestic pork were down 3.3 percent from last year, totaling 71,454 MT. Japan’s pork stocks at the end of July totaled 207,444 MT, which was 3.2 percent higher than the previous month and was 3.2 percent higher than a year ago. Imported pork stocks equaled 174,686 MT, 1.5 percent higher than last year. Domestic pork stocks were 13.7 percent more than a year ago, amounting to 32,758 MT.

Oceania

Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) recently released September 2010 red meat export data for Australia. According to the statistics, during September, Australia exported 75,973 MT of beef and veal. This was 7.0 percent lower than the previous month but was little changed from September 2009. More specifically, frozen beef exports equaled 56,201 MT, which accounted for 74.0 percent of the total. Fresh, chilled beef exports equaled 19,772 MT. Australia’s beef exports to Japan during September fell 11.3 percent from August to 27,871 MT. However, this was up slightly from September 2009. During the first three quarters of the year, Australia exported 263,680 MT of beef to Japan, which was 1.9 percent less than a year ago. Japan was the main beef export market for Australia with 38.6 percent of the total. During September, Australia exported 13,774 MT of beef to the U.S. This was down 22.4 percent from the previous month and was down 32.0 percent from September 2009. Year-to-date beef exports to the U.S. totaled 157,977 MT, 23.8 percent below last year. Beef exports to South Korea during September fell 12.5 percent from the previous month and 7.4 percent from September 2009 to 9,365 MT. During the first three quarters of the year, Australia exported 90,305 MT of beef to South Korea, which was 10.0 percent more than last year. Year-to-date beef exports to Indonesia reached 36,249 MT, 5.4 percent higher than last year. Overall, during the first three quarters of 2010, Australia’s total beef and veal exports were 2.5 percent less than the same period a year ago, amounting to 683,401 MT. According to the Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics (ABARE), as reported by Meat & Livestock Weekly, the outlook for Australia’s beef industry is positive. Average cattle prices, export volumes and value are all forecast to average higher during fiscal year 2010/2011. However, total cattle slaughter is expected to remain unchanged. Australia’s beef exports are forecast to slowly start increasing. Exports to Japan and the U.S. are expected to increase 3 percent and 14 percent, respectively.

During September, Australia exported 12,278 MT of lamb. Although this was up 6.2 percent over the previous month, it was down 17.0 percent from September 2009. Australia’s lamb exports to the U.S. during September fell 12.5 percent from August and 39.7 percent from September 2009 to 1,724 MT. Additionally, this was the lowest monthly volume since August 2008. Year-to-date lamb exports to the U.S. were 9.1 percent below last year, totaling 24,919 MT. During September, Australia exported 4,281 MT of lamb to the Middle East, setting a new monthly record high. This was 36.2 percent more than the previous month and was 17.1 percent more than September 2009. During the first three quarters of the year, Australia’s lamb exports to the Middle East totaled 24,919 MT, 6.2 percent lower than a year ago. The U.S. and the Middle East each held a 22.5 percent share of Australia’s lamb exports. Year-to-date lamb exports to China equaled 9,875 MT, which was 2.6 percent less than last year. Overall, Australia’s lamb exports during the first three quarters of the year totaled 110,793 MT, which was 7.3 percent below the corresponding period a year ago as tight supplies continued to restrict exports. In the meantime, during September, Australia exported 7,790 MT of mutton. This was up 17.8 percent over August but was down 24.6 percent from September 2009. Australia’s mutton exports to the Middle East during September rose 3.9 percent over the previous month to 3,493 MT. However, this was 1.7 percent less than September 2009. During the first three quarters of the year, Australia’s mutton exports to the Middle East were 18.3 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 32,036 MT. The Middle East was Australia’s leading mutton export market with 46.1 percent of the total. During September, Australia exported 436 MT of mutton to Malaysia, which was 18.2 percent lower than the previous month and was 29.2 percent lower than September 2009. Year-to-date mutton exports to Malaysia equaled 5,626 MT, 4.9 percent higher than last year. Mutton exports to the U.S. during September rose 107.4 percent over the previous month to 674 MT. However, this was down 25.5 percent from September 2009. Total year-to-date mutton exports to the U.S. were 38.5 percent less than last year, amounting to 4,078 MT. Overall, during the first three quarters of 2010, Australia’s mutton exports equaled 69,547 MT, which was 29.3 percent less than the same period a year ago. To obtain additional data on Australia’s exports, visit the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.


According to recent data from Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF), during the third quarter of 2010, Australia’s goat meat exports totaled 6,124 MT. This was down 6.3 percent from the previous quarter and was down 1.2 percent from a year ago. During the third quarter, Australia exported 2,681 MT of goat meat to the U.S., which was 30.1 percent less than the previous quarter and was 5.3 percent less than a year ago. Total year-to-date goat meat exports to the U.S. equaled 10,008 MT, which was up 30.2 percent over last year. The U.S. was the main destination for Australia’s goat meat exports with 53.0 percent of the total. During the third quarter, Australia exported 912 MT of goat meat to Taiwan. Although this was down 7.0 percent from the previous quarter, it was up 11.8 percent over a year ago. Australia’s goat meat exports to the Caribbean during the third quarter fell 35.1 percent from the previous quarter to 520 MT. Also, this was 45.2 percent lower than a year ago. Total year-to-date goat meat exports to the Caribbean equaled 2,424 MT, which was 12.4 percent below last year. Goat meat exports to Canada during the third quarter more than doubled the previous quarter, totaling 814 MT. Also, this was 69.9 percent more than a year ago. Year-to-date goat meat exports to Canada were 87.0 percent greater than a year ago, amounting to 1,537 MT. Overall, Australia’s total goat meat exports during the first three quarters of 2010 equaled 18,890 MT, which was 19.0 percent more than the corresponding period a year ago. To obtain additional statistics, visit the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

Recently the USDA Economic Research Service (ERS) released a special article within its Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry Outlook publication. The special article is U.S. Variety Meat Exports and the Global Marketplace. The report discusses the importance of beef and pork variety meats to the U.S. meat industry in terms of both value and the volume of sales. The supply of edible offal produced in the U.S. is relatively large when compared with domestic demand. According to the report, the U.S. has historically been the world’s largest exporter of beef and pork edible offal, accounting for more than 18 percent of the total world exports over the past 10 years. Japan has been the largest importer of U.S. beef variety meats with over 21 percent of the U.S. beef variety meat export market during the last decade. Mexico is the largest importer of U.S. pork variety meats with 46 percent over the past decade. To obtain the entire article, go to the ERS website at http://www.ers.usda.gov/Publications/LDP/.

Trade Highlights

The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) recently released its Executive Summary for the bi-annual Livestock and Poultry: World Markets and Trade publication. The full release will be available on October 15. To access the Executive Summary and the full report, go to the FAS website at http://www.fas.usda.gov/livestock_arc.asp.

USDA FAS recently issued Livestock and Products Annual 2010 report for China. The report includes an executive summary, updates on China’s cattle and beef and hog and pork sectors, discussions on government policies, and updated production, supply and demand tables. The report is available on the FAS Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) at http://gain.fas.usda.gov/.

Further Reading

- You can view the full report by clicking here.

October 2010

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